10th Ersatz Division (German Empire)

10th Ersatz Division (German Empire)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=10th Ersatz Division ("10. Ersatz-Division")
dates=1914-1919
country=Germany
branch=Army
type=Infantry
size=Approx. 15,000
battles=World War I: Battle of the Frontiers, Battle of the Somme, Second Battle of the Aisne, Passchendaele, Battle of the Lys, Battle of Cambrai (1918)

The 10th Ersatz Division ("10. Ersatz-Division") was a unit of the German Army, in World War I. [From the late 1800s, the Prussian Army was effectively the German Army, as during the period of German unification (1866-1871) the states of the German Empire entered into conventions with Prussia regarding their armies. Only the Bavarian Army remained fully autonomous and came under Prussian control only during wartime.] The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914. [ [http://www.1914-18.info/erster-weltkrieg.php?u=120 10. Ersatz-Division (Chronik 1914/1918)] ] The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I.

Formation and recruitment

The 10th Ersatz Division was formed on mobilization around 12 brigade replacement battalions ("Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillone"). Each brigade replacement battalion was numbered after its parent infantry brigade, and was formed with two companies each taken from the replacement battalions of the brigade's two infantry regiments. Thus, collectively, the 12 brigade replacement battalions represented troop contributions from 24 different infantry regiments. The division represented a broad cross-section of the German Empire. The units of the 25th Mixed Ersatz Brigade were from the VII Army Corps area, which included the Prussian Province of Westphalia, the Lower Rhine portion of the Prussian Rhine Province, the Principality of Lippe, and the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe. The units of the 37th Mixed Ersatz Brigade were from the X Army Corps area, which included most of the Prussian Province of Hanover, the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, and the Duchy of Brunswick. The units of the 43rd Mixed Ersatz Brigade were from the XI Army Corps area, which included the Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) portion of the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau, the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, the Duchies of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Saxe-Meiningen, the Principalities of Reuss Elder Line, Reuss Younger Line, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, and Waldeck, and portions of the Prussian Province of Saxony, including the region around Erfurt. [Hermann Cron et al., "Ruhmeshalle unserer alten Armee" (Berlin, 1935); Hartwig Busche, "Formationsgeschichte der deutschen Infanterie im Weltkrieg 1914/1918" (1998).]

Combat chronicle

The 10th Ersatz Division initially fought on the Western Front in World War I. It fought in the Battle of the Frontiers, seeing action in Lorraine and against the French defensive line from Nancy to Epinal. From December 1914 to February 1916, the division occupied the trenchlines in the Woëvre region. The division fought in the Battle of the Somme in September 1916. After a period in the trenchlines in the Champagne and near Verdun, the division saw action in 1917 in the Second Battle of the Aisne, also called the Third Battle of Champagne, and in the Battle of Passchendaele. In October 1917, the division was transferred to the Eastern Front, fighting in eastern Galicia until the armistice on that front. In January/February 1918, the division was in army reserve and was transferred back to the Western Front. It was in the trenchlines in Flanders and the Artois until April 1918, when it fought in the Battle of Armentières, part of the Battle of the Lys, also known as the German Lys Offensive or the Fourth Battle of Ypres. The division remained in the Flanders/Artois region after the German offensives and faced the various Allied counteroffensives, seeing action in the late-1918 Battle of Cambrai. It ended the war fighting in the Battle of Valenciennes and in the German retreat to its Antwerp-Meuse position. Allied intelligence rated the division as third class and of moderate value. [ [http://www.1914-18.info/erster-weltkrieg.php?u=120 10. Ersatz-Division (Chronik 1914/1918)] ] ["Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919" (1920), pp. 188-190.]

Order of battle on mobilization

The order of battle of the 10th Ersatz Division on mobilization was as follows: [Cron et al., "Ruhmeshalle".]

*25.gemischte Ersatz-Brigade
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 25
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 26
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 27
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 28
**Kavallerie-Ersatz-Abteilung/VII. Armeekorps
**Feldartillerie-Ersatz-Abteilung Nr. 43 (Ersatz-Abteilung/Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 43)
*37.gemischte Ersatz-Brigade
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 37
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 38
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 39
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 40
**Kavallerie-Ersatz-Abteilung/X. Armeekorps
**Feldartillerie-Ersatz-Abteilung Nr. 42 (Ersatz-Abteilung/Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 42)
**Feldartillerie-Ersatz-Abteilung Nr. 62 (Ersatz-Abteilung/Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 62)
**1.Ersatz-Kompanie/Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 10
*43.gemischte Ersatz-Brigade
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 43
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 44
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 76
**Brigade-Ersatz-Bataillon Nr. 83
**Kavallerie-Ersatz-Abteilung/XI. Armeekorps
**Feldartillerie-Ersatz-Abteilung Nr. 47 (Ersatz-Abteilung/Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 47)
**Feldartillerie-Ersatz-Abteilung Nr. 55 (Ersatz-Abteilung/Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 55)
**3.Ersatz-Kompanie/Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 11

Order of battle on February 20, 1918

The division underwent several structural changes as the war progressed. The mixed Ersatz brigades were converted to Ersatz infantry brigades as cavalry, artillery, and pioneer Ersatz units were grouped and reorganized. The brigade replacement battalions were grouped into infantry regiments. The 10th Ersatz Division was triangularized in October 1916. Cavalry was later reduced, pioneers were increased to a full battalion, and an artillery command and a divisional signals command were created. The division's order of battle on February 20, 1918 was as follows: [Cron et al., "Ruhmeshalle".]

*43.Ersatz-Infanterie-Brigade
**Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 369
**Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 370
**Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 371
*1.Eskadron/Regiment Königs-Jäger zu Pferde Nr. 1
*Artillerie-Kommandeur 136
**Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 95
**Fußartillerie-Bataillon Nr. 156
*Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 510
**Pionier-Kompanie Nr. 246
**Pionier-Kompanie Nr. 308
**Minenwerfer-Kompanie Nr. 163
*Divisions-Nachrichten-Kommandeur 560

References

* [http://www.1914-18.info/erster-weltkrieg.php?u=120 10. Ersatz-Division (Chronik 1914/1918) - Der erste Weltkrieg]
* Hermann Cron et al., "Ruhmeshalle unserer alten Armee" (Berlin, 1935)
* Hermann Cron, "Geschichte des deutschen Heeres im Weltkriege 1914-1918" (Berlin, 1937)
* Günter Wegner, "Stellenbesetzung der deutschen Heere 1815-1939." (Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück, 1993), Bd. 1
* "Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919" (1920)

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • German Army (German Empire) — German Army Deutsches Heer Kaiserstandarte Active 1871 1919 Country …   Wikipedia

  • 10th Division — or 10th Infantry Division may refer to:; Infantry divisions:* 10th Division (Australia) * 10th (Irish) Division (United Kingdom) * 10th Bavarian Infantry Division (German Empire) * 10th Division (German Empire) * 10th Ersatz Division (German… …   Wikipedia

  • Alpenkorps (German Empire) — Alpenkorps ( Alpine Corps ) Active 1915 1919 Country Germany Branch Army Type Mountain infantry Size Approx. 15,000 …   Wikipedia

  • Order of battle for the Battle of the Somme — v · …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Passchendaele — For other uses, see Passchendaele (disambiguation). Battle of Passchendaele Third Battle of Ypres Part of the Western Front of the First World War …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Model — Nickname Hitler s fireman, Frontline Pig Born …   Wikipedia

  • Order of First Battle of Ypres — This is the order of battle for the First Battle of Ypres fought from 19 October to 22 November 1914 as one of the main engagements of the First World War. It was fought between mixed British Expeditionary Force, French eighth army and armies of… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Poland (1945–1989) — The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of Soviet Communist dominance over the People s Republic of Poland following World War II. These years, while featuring many improvements in the standards of living in Poland, were marred… …   Wikipedia

  • Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany — German officers stand in front of the National Theater in Oslo, 1940 …   Wikipedia

  • World War I — the war fought mainly in Europe and the Middle East, between the Central Powers and the Allies, beginning on July 28, 1914, and ending on November 11, 1918, with the collapse of the Central Powers. Abbr.: WWI Also called Great War, War of the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”