Syllable rime

Syllable rime

In the study of phonology in linguistics, the rime or rhyme of a syllable consists of a nucleus and an optional coda. It is the part of the syllable used in poetic rhyme, and the part that is lengthened or stressed when a person elongates or stresses a word in speech.

The rime is usually the portion of a syllable from the first vowel to the end. For example, IPA|/æt/ is the rime of all of the words "at", "sat", and "flat". However, the nucleus does not necessarily need to be a vowel in some languages. For instance, the rime of the second syllables of the words "bottle" and "fiddle" is just IPA|/l/, a liquid consonant.

"Rime" and "rhyme" are variants of the same word, but the rarer form "rime" is sometimes used to mean specifically "syllable rime" to differentiate it from the concept of poetic rhyme. This distinction is not made by some linguists and does not appear in most dictionaries.

Rime structure

{| style="border:0;"
"scipu" and "wordu". [cite book
title = A Prosodic Grammar of Chinese
last = Feng
first = Shengli
page = 3
publisher = University of Kansas
year = 2003
] ||
-Just as the rime branches into the nucleus and coda, the nucleus and coda may each branch into multiple phonemes. [The limit for the number of phonemes which may be contained in each varies by language. For example, Japanese and most Sino-Tibetan languages do not have consonant clusters at the beginning or end of syllables, whereas many Eastern European languages can have more than two consonants at the beginning or end of the syllable. In English, the onset, nucleus, and coda may all have two phonemes, as in the word "flouts": [fl] in the onset, the diphthong [aʊ] in the nucleus, and [ts] in the coda.] The two illustrations below demonstrate English words with branching nucleus and coda, respectively.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rime — is a coating of ice:*Hard rime, white ice that forms when water droplets in fog freeze to the outer surfaces of objects, such as trees *Soft rime, similar to hard rime, but feathery and milky in appearanceRime is also an alternate spelling of… …   Wikipedia

  • Syllable — For the computer operating system, see Syllable (operating system). A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds. For example, the word water is composed of two syllables: wa and ter. A syllable is typically made up of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Rime table — A rime table or rhyme table (zh cpw|c=韻圖/韵图|p= yùntú |w= yün t u ) is a syllable chart of the Chinese language, a significant advance on the fanqie analysis used in earlier rime dictionaries. As China s native phonological model, it tabulates the …   Wikipedia

  • Syllable weight — In linguistics, syllable weight is the concept that syllables pattern together according to the number and/or duration of segments in the rime. In classical poetry, both Greek and Latin, distinctions of syllable weight were fundamental to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Rime dictionary — This article is about a type of dictionary in ancient China. For the type of Western reference work used in poetry, see rhyming dictionary. A rime dictionary, rhyme dictionary, or rime book (translated from Chinese 韻書/韵书 pinyin: yùnshū ) is an… …   Wikipedia

  • Syllable onset — In phonetics and phonology, a syllable onset is the part of a syllable that precedes the syllable nucleus.yllable structureThe segmental structure of a syllable begins with an onset, followed by a rime or final. :syllable: C1(C2)V1(V2)(C3)(C4) =… …   Wikipedia

  • Syllable nucleus — In phonetics and phonology, the nucleus (sometimes called peak) is the central part of the syllable, most commonly a vowel. In addition to a nucleus, a syllable may begin with an onset and end with a coda, but in most languages the only part of a …   Wikipedia

  • Syllable coda — In phonology, a syllable coda comprises the consonant sounds of a syllable that follow the nucleus, which is usually a vowel. The combination of a nucleus and a coda is called a rime. Some syllables consist only of a nucleus with no coda. Some… …   Wikipedia

  • rime riche — [[t]ˈrim ˈriʃ[/t]] n. pl. rimes riches [[t]ˈrim ˈriʃ[/t]] pro rhyme created by using identical syllable groups or different words pronounced the same, as in lighted, delighted; sole, soul[/ex] • Etymology: 1900–05; < F: lit., rich rhyme …   From formal English to slang

  • Rhyme — A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds in two or more words and is most often used in poetry and songs. The word rhyme may also refer to a short poem, such as a rhyming couplet or other brief rhyming poem such as nursery rhymes. Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”