- Cape Coast Castle
Cape Coast Castle is a fortification in
Ghana. The first timber construction on the site was erected in 1653 for the Swedish Africa Companyand named Carolusborg after King Charles X of Sweden. It was later rebuilt in stone.
In April 1663 the whole
Swedish Gold Coastwas seized by the Danes, and integrated in the Danish Gold CoastIn 1664 the Castle was conquered by the British and was extensively rebuilt by the Committee of Merchants(whose Governors administered the entire British colony) in the late 18th century. In 1844, it became the seat of the colonial Government of the British Gold Coast.
The Castle was built for the trade in timber and gold, later it was used in the trans-
Atlantic slave trade. The Castle, or Castle and Dungeon, to give it its official name, was first restored in the 1920s by the British Public Works Department. In 1957, when Ghana became independent, it passed under the care of the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board (GMMB). In the early 1990s the building was restored by the Ghanaian Government, with funds from the United Nations Development Programme(UNDP), United States Aid for International Development [USAID] , with technical assistance from the Smithsonian Institutionand other NGOs.
Other Ghanaian Slave Castles include the Portuguese foundation of
Elmina Castle(later Dutch) and Christiansborg Castle.
Cape Coast, Ghana. [http://www.capecoastonline.com CapeCoastOnline]
Cape Coast Castle Museum
Cape Coast, Ghana. [http://www.capecoastcastlemuseum.com Cape Coast Castle Museum]
ources and references
*Brempong Osei-Tutu, "African American reactions to the restoration of Ghana's 'slave castles"'. Public Archaeology 3/4, 2004, 195-204. ISSN 1465-5187.St. Clair, William, "The grand slave emporium: Cape Coast Castle and the British slave trade". 2006. London: Profile Books. ISBN-10: 1861979045.
* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Ghana.html#Prussian%20Gold%20Coast WorldStatesmen- Ghana]
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