- Zephyr (graffiti artist)
name = Zephyr
caption = Zephyr in 2006
birthdate = Unknown
Andrew Zephyr Witten is a
graffitiartist, lecturer and author from New York City. He began creating graffiti in 1975and first signed using the name "Zephyr" in 1977. He has been identified as a graffiti "elder", who along with Futura 2000, Blade, PHASE 2, Lady Pinkand TAKI 183invented styles and standards "that continue to be used and expanded upon today".ref|elder
Much of Zephyr's original work was applied on subway trains. Mr. Witten has commented on this period of his work:
:"We felt we understood the trains more than the Transit Authority. Teenagers were running the system. We decided when, where, how much we wrote. Graffiti showed that the Transit Authority was not in control."ref|Times
Witten was part of the first wave of graffiti artists to make the transition to galleries, collectors and commercial work. In the early 80s, he showed at NYC galleries specialized in graffiti, such as the FUN Gallery and 51X.ref|Fun His art was part of a five-man show including
Fab Five Freddy, Dominique Philbert, Futura 2000 and Dondi White that toured Japan in 1983.ref|Jap In 2005, he was included in the East Village USA show held at The New Museum.ref|NM
His works can be seen in the Hip-hop culture documentary "
Style Wars" and he was featured as himself in the landmark hip-hop motion picture " Wild Style". He is co-author of a 2001 biography of fellow graffiti artist, Dondi White: "Dondi White Style Master General: The Life of Graffiti Artist Dondi White". He is interviewed in the 2005 DIY graffiti video The Art of Storytelling, where he talks about fallen graffiti artist " Nace".
His name comes from the Greek word Ζεφυρός, which means west wind.
Witten's influence on New York City's self-image is exemplified in
Suzanne Vega's 2007 song "Zephyr and I," which uses a conversation between Vega and Witten as a framing device to create what Vega describes as "sort of a little snapshot of what West End Avenueused to be like in the 70s."ref|Vega
*Witten, Andrew; White, Michael. "Dondi White Style Master General: The Life of Graffiti Artist Dondi White". Regan Books: 2001.
*Cooper, Martha; Walta, Akim; Zephyr; Ahearn, Charlie; Fabel; Astor, Patti. "Hip Hop Files: Photographs 1979–1984". From Here to Fame (Powerhouse Books): 2004.
*Zephyr; Miller, Ken; Sutherland, Peter. "Pedal". Powerhouse Books: 2006.
*Powell, Ricky. Zephyr (illustrator). "Oh Snap" 2.13.61 Publications: 1996.
#Janice Rahn, "Painting Without Permission: Hip-Hop Graffiti Subculture", Bergin & Garvey: 2002, pg. 7.
#John Leland, "At Home with Futura: For a King of Krylon, the Family Reigns", "
The New York Times", Sec: House + Home, March 1, 2001, Pg. 1.
#Patty Astor online interview, www.@149st.com, 2002 [http://www.at149st.com/astor.html online link]
#UPI, "5 Artists take graffiti from the streets to the galleries", "
The Philadelphia Inquirer", March 19, 1984.
#Exhibition notes, "East Village USA", New Museum of Contemporary Art, December 9, 2004- March 19, 2005 [http://www.newmuseum.org/more_exh_EVUSA.htm Online link]
#Interview, 07/11/2007. [http://www.suzannevega.com/words/press/2007/press.aspx?PostID=19631]
*cite journal |quotes= |last=Philbert |first=Dominique |year=1984 |month=March 19 |title=UPI: 5 Artists take graffiti from the streets to the galleries |journal=The Philadelphia Inquirer |volume= |issue= |pages= |id= |url= |accessdate=
*cite journal |quotes= |last=Staff |first=Herald |year=1984 |month=November 30 |title=Biscayne baby changes color with graffiti |journal=
The Miami Herald
* [http://www.zephyrgraffiti.com/ zephyrgraffiti.com Zephyr's Official site]
* [http://www.fieldmuseum.org/hiphop/bio_zephyr.html A Short Bio at the
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.