Hypotrachelium

Hypotrachelium

In classical architecture, the hypotrachelium is the space between the annulet of the echinus and the upper bed of the shafts, including, according to C. R. Cockerell, the three grooves or sinkings found in some of the older examples, as in the temple of Neptune at Paestum and the temple of Aphaea at Aegina; there being only one groove in the Parthenon, the Theseum and later examples. In the temple of Ceres and the so-called Basilica at Paestum the hypotrachelium consists of a concave sinking carved with vertical lines suggestive of leaves, the tops of which project forward. A similar decoration is found in the capital of the columns flanking the tomb of Agamemnon at Mycenae, but here the hypotrachelium projects forward with a cavetto moulding, and is carved with triple leaves like the buds of a rose.

In the Roman Doric Order the term was sometimes applied to that which is generally known as the "necking," the space between the fillet and the annulet.

The hypotrachelium was also called a collarino, or colarino, or colarin.

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  •  This article incorporates content from the 1728 Cyclopaedia, a publication in the public domain.
  • "Collarino". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.

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  • Hypotrachelium — Hy po*tra*che li*um, n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? under + ? neck.] (Arch.) Same as {Gorgerin}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hypotrachelĭum — (Bauk.), so v.w. Hals 6) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • hypotrachelium — Gorgerin Gor ge*rin , n. [F., fr. gorge neck.] (Arch.) In some columns, that part of the capital between the termination of the shaft and the annulet of the echinus, or the space between two neck moldings; called also {neck of the capital}, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hypotrachelium — /huy poh treuh kee lee euhm/, n., pl. hypotrachelia / lee euh/. (on a classical column) any member, as a necking, between the capital and the shaft. Cf. trachelium. [1555 65; < L < Gk hypotrachélion. See HYPO , TRACHELIUM] * * * …   Universalium

  • hypotrachelium — hy·po·tra·che·li·um …   English syllables

  • hypotrachelium — ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷+trəˈkēlēəm noun Etymology: Latin, from Greek hypotrachēlion, from hypo + trachēlos neck : gorgerin …   Useful english dictionary

  • Glossary of architecture — This page is a glossary of architecture. Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Wikipedia

  • Hypotrachelion — Hy|po|tra|che|li|on 〈[ xe: ] n.; s, li|en〉 Teil der Säule unter dem Kapitell, Säulenhals [<grch. hypo „unter“ + trachelos „Hals“] * * * Hy|po|tra|che|li|on, das; s, …ien [lat. hypotrachelium < griech. hypotrache̅̓lion] (Archit.): Teil der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gorgerin — Gor ge*rin , n. [F., fr. gorge neck.] (Arch.) In some columns, that part of the capital between the termination of the shaft and the annulet of the echinus, or the space between two neck moldings; called also {neck of the capital}, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • neck of the capital — Gorgerin Gor ge*rin , n. [F., fr. gorge neck.] (Arch.) In some columns, that part of the capital between the termination of the shaft and the annulet of the echinus, or the space between two neck moldings; called also {neck of the capital}, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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