Massacre of Trujillo

Massacre of Trujillo
Massacre of Trujillo

Map location of the municipality of Trujillo
Location Trujillo, Valle del Cauca Department
 Colombia
Date 1988-1990 (EDT)
Target Trujillo
Attack type mass murder, massacre
Weapon(s) unknown
Death(s) 245-342
Perpetrator(s) Paramilitary groups and Cali Cartel members (prominently Juan Carlos Ortiz Escobar and Henry Loaiza-Ceballos)

The Massacre of Trujillo (Spanish: Masacre de Trujillo) was a series of murders perpetrated between 1988 and 1994 in the town of Trujillo, Valle del Cauca Department in southwestern Colombia by paramilitaries and the Cali Cartel with the complicity of active members of the Colombian military and police.

Some 245 to 342 people,[1] including unionists and suspected guerrilla supporters, were tortured and dismembered. Among the more gruesome murders was the decapitation and castration of Father Tiberio Fernandez, the local Jesuit priest.[2] The murders were seen as a warning to other pro-guerrilla elements. Most of the corpses were thrown into the waters of the Cauca River.[3]

Judicial Proceedings

The Colombian government declared itself guilty of negligence and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights was also notified of the case.[4]

Some members of the Cali Cartel accused of participating in this massacre were Henry Loaiza-Ceballos "aka The Scorpion" and Juan Carlos Ortiz Escobar "aka Knife".[5][6]

The case was first officially acknowledged and investigated in the mid-1990s under Colombian President Ernesto Samper (1994–1998); however, no one was ever tried for the killings. Declassified U.S. government documents suggest that the United States government regarded this and other human rights investigations under President Samper as lacking resolve.[1]

On March 19, 2008, the Attorney General of Colombia accused retired Colombian Army Major Alirio Antonio Urueña Jaramillo, former Colombian National Police Lieutenant José Fernando Berrio and former Sergeant Aníbal Álvarez Hoyos for their involvement with a paramilitary group during the massacre.[7]

In March 1990, Major Urueña was the acting commander of the Palacé Battallion in Buga which was engaging in counterinsurgency operations against the ELN guerrilla, Lieutenant Berrio Velásquez was acting commander of the police station in Trujillo and former Sergeant Álvarez Hoyos was in charge of the Sijin in Tuluá.[7]

The case was re-opened in 2008 following the publication of an independent report by the Historical Memory Group.[8]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Massacre des Haïtiens de 1937 — Le Massacre des Haïtiens de 1937 est un ensemble de meurtres perpétrés en octobre 1937 après la décision du président de la République dominicaine, Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina, d éliminer physiquement les Haïtiens travaillant dans les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rivière du Massacre — Massacre Caractéristiques Longueur 55 km Bassin 380 km2 Bassin collecteur R …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rafael Trujillo — This article is about the former ruler of the Dominican Republic. For the Spanish sailor, see Rafael Trujillo (sailor). Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo President of the Dominican Republic …   Wikipedia

  • Parsley Massacre — In October of 1937, Dominican dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina ordered the execution of the Haitian population living within the borderlands with Haiti. The violence resulted in the killing of 17,000 to 35,000 Haitian civilians over a… …   Wikipedia

  • Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Molina et Trujillo. Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Rafael Leónidas Trujillo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • The Farming of Bones — infobox Book | name = The Farming of Bones title orig = translator = image caption = First edition cover author = Edwidge Danticat illustrator = cover artist = country = US language = English series = genre = Novel publisher = Soho Press release… …   Wikipedia

  • List of massacres in Colombia — The following is a list of in Colombia. According to the Grupo de Memoria Historica, there were 2505 massacres in Colombia between 1973 and 2008. [ [http://www.semana.com/wf InfoSeccion.aspx?IdSec=2 Revista Semana: 2.505 masacres] ] * Banana… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Loaiza Ceballos — aka El Alacran (The Scorpion) was a Colombian drugdealer part of the Cali Cartel. Loaiza was in charge mainly of the military apparatus of the organization, but was also involved in the shipment of drugs. He surrendered to Colombian authorities… …   Wikipedia

  • Inter-American Commission on Human Rights — Abbreviation IACHR Formation 1959 Purpose/focus Human Rights monitoring in the Americas Location Washington, D.C., United States …   Wikipedia

  • War on Drugs — For other uses, see War on Drugs (disambiguation). As part of the War on Drugs , the U.S. gives hundreds of millions of dollars per year of military aid to Colombia, which is used to combat leftist guerrilla groups such as FARC, who have been… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”