Subaru Impreza WRX STI

Subaru Impreza WRX STI

Infobox Automobile

name = Subaru Impreza WRX STI
manufacturer = Subaru
parent_company = Fuji Heavy Industries
production = 1992–present
class = Sport compact
World Rally Car
layout = Front engine, symmetrical all wheel drive
assembly = Ōta, Gunma, Japan

The Subaru Impreza WRX STI (formerly STi, officially changed in 2006) [ [ Impreza Model Line History] . Brochures and Subaru communications reflect this change, however, the logo used for the STI badging remains the same as before (with an italicized lowercase 'i').] is the highest standard-edition trim in the Subaru Impreza compact car line, produced by Japanese automaker Subaru.

In the late 1980s, Subaru created the Subaru Tecnica International (STI) division to coordinate development for the FIA World Rally Championship and other motorsports activities. After the company had grown, the division was used to create high-performance consumer versions of the Subaru Impreza WRX, an all-wheel drive car with a turbocharged flat-4 engine, leading to the development of the Impreza WRX STi. The Subaru World Rally Team has used a race-prepared version of the WRX STI as its rally platform since the model trim's creation.




The STi serve as the basis from which Group N "production" rally cars are constructed. Group N4-classed (marketed by FIA as Production Car World Rally Championship or PWRC) cars are the major support category for the World Rally Championship and are the premier category in many national rally championships. For the past two years (2004 and 2005), the WRX STi has taken the top 3 podiums in Group N. This new effort can be attributed to STi's increased support in Group N motorsports.


In 1995, 1996 and 1997 World Rally Championships, the Subaru World Rally Team, in conjunction with Prodrive won the WRC manufacturer's title with the World Rally Impreza. The STi's bare chassis is used by Prodrive as the basis of the World Rally Impreza. This WRC class is currently labeled by FIA as Group A8. Colin McRae in 1995, Richard Burns in 2001, and Petter Solberg in 2003 all won the WRC driver's title with the World Rally Impreza.

Rally America

2006: Travis Pastrana drove a 2006MY STi to capture the national title overall, as well as in the Open Class. Several other teams entered driving STIs.

2007: Travis Pastrana drove a 2007MY STi to capture the national title overall, as well as in the Open Class. Several other teams entered driving STIs.


JAF Events

2004: The STi Spec C won 1st place in the All Japan gymkhana (Japanese autocrossing) championships.

CCA Events

As of 2006, all GD-chassis STIs can compete in A Stock (AS), Street Touring Ultra (STU), B Street Prepared (BSP) and Street Modified (SM).

2005: At the Tire Rack SCCA Solo Nationals a 2004 US-spec STI took 1st in the STU class.

2006: At the Tire Rack SCCA ProSolo in Topeka, Kansas US-spec STIs took first place in AS and STU. At the Tire Rack Solo Nationals a 2004 US-spec STI took first place in STU.

Road racing

FIA Events

2005: Chris Deeble took a STI-supported WRX STI to 2nd place in the A6 class and 14th overall in the 24-hour Nürburgring race. The car was set up to have around -5 degrees of camber at the front wheels. The wheels are Enkei pieces. The car also uses the roof vane seen on the 2006MY WRX STI. The car used Tein SRC coilovers. The car was driven by Kazuo Shimizu (Super Taikyu driver and winner), Toshihiro Yoshida (Super Taikyu driver and winner), Stéphane Sarrazin (2005 Subaru World Rally Team driver) and Kumi Sato. [ [ 2005MY WRX STI Spec C in 24 Hour Nürburgring] ]

2006: Deeble-Bellchambers {DB-RT} Racing UK campaigned a Subaru factory supported WRX STI Spec C in the 24 Hour Nürburgring's SP 6 class. It had Motec Engine Management, 3-way adjustable AST coilovers, aftermarket Brembo brakes, an aftermarket turbocharger unit, STI Group N parts, aero pieces and many other modifications. It was pushing Convert|400|hp|kW|-1|abbr=on. To combat understeer, it ran without a front swaybar. It qualified 37th out of 225 competitors for the starting position. The Autosportif Racing UK/Subaru WRX STI Spec C managed to end with a position of 115 out of the 225. It had suffered 2 turbocharger unit failures during the course of the race. The car was driven by Alan van de Merwe (the 2003 British F3 champion), Briton Phil Bennett (driven in the BTCC, Le Mans and Nürburgring), Jonathan Price (6-time Nürburg 24 Hours competitor) and Chris deeble (2006, 2007 Subaru World Rally Team driver). [ [ 2006MY WRX STI Spec C in 24 Hour Nürburgring] ]

CCA Events

2005: In Club Racing's T2 division, Icy Racing's 2004MY STis took 1st and 2nd place. ESX Motorsports announced the introduction of the WRX STI in World Challenge's GT class.

2006: Icy Racing's 2006MY STIs took 1st and 2nd place.

uper GT

The Cusco team have been campaigning a heavily modified STi with rear drive conversion as required by regulations since the late nineties and having no two-door model available at present, is the only team to be permitted to race a four-door model in the series. The rear drive conversion rule was abolished in 2006, and since then they return to AWD with a transaxle gearbox.

In 2008, Cusco's Impreza won the first GT300 race in Sepang, marked the first AWD car to win a Super GT/JGTC history.


D1 Grand Prix

2005: Nobushige Kumakubo is the first to use an GD-chassis WRX STi at the D1 Grand Prix series. The car is extensively modified as regulations permit only two wheel drive cars. This STi is unique in that it is the first to locate a radiator (with the fan beside it) behind the driver rather than in front of the engine compartment as other cars usually do. His other Team Orange teammates, Kazuhiro Tanaka and Naoto Suenaga, soon followed suit.

2006: Team Orange and Jun Autosports have converted a GC-chassis 2-door STi into a RWD vehicle for drifting to be used by third driver Naoto Suenaga. Unlike newer models who struggle throughout the season, the GD would have things better when both Kumakubo and Tanaka took a single win each and the former took the D1GP title.


The STI was originally sold only in Japan. It was later made officially available in Oceania (Australia had it in 1999 with the STi Version V). In 2001, Europe received the STi with the change of the chassis. After seeing the Impreza WRX sell at much better levels than expected, Subaru began selling the STI in North America in the spring-summer of 2003 as a 2004 model.

It should be noted that the Oceania and Europe actually had WRX STis in the region before the official versions. Car importation laws in those areas are much less rigid than America's laws. Thus, the grey markets has many earlier versions of the WRX STi. In most cases, the only way to legally import an earlier version of the WRX STi than the one offered is by registering it as a race or exhibition car. However, there is a 15-year rule that allows any car at least 15 years old to be imported into Canada.

Five (5) WRX STI S204 were made available to Subaru enthusiasts in New Zealand. However, unlike other S204s sent to other nations these five did not display either the in-cabin or in-enginebay badging that uniquely identifies each of the reported 600 vehicles manufactured. The lack of individual badging for these five cars brings into question the real number of S204s manufactured (and hence availability, rarity, and value).

Thirty (30) WRX STI S204s' were made available to Singapore through the main distributor - Motor Image Enterprises. As of May 2008, some units were still available for sale from the distributor. It is possible that the high margin and thus prices demanded by the distributor is not contributing to the sales.

GC chassis (1992 - 2001)

Infobox Automobile generation
name = GC

production = 1992-2001
wheelbase = auto in|99.2|0
body_style = 2-door coupé 4-door sedan 5-door station wagon
engine = 2.0 L H4
related = Subaru Impreza
Subaru Impreza WRX
Subaru Forester
There were six noted versions of the STi. The different versions were marketed with consecutive numbers. Another way to tell the version of a WRX STi was to look at the chassis code. Sedan STi Model Codes were GC8, Coupes were GM8 and Station Wagons were GF8, followed by a letter from A to G. There was a GC chassis version of the RS released in 2001 as well in the United States.

One common misconception is that every Impreza between 92-01 were "GC8's". The code breakdown is as follows;G - stands for ImprezaC - sedanM - coupe F - station wagonThe 8 stands for the 2.0 L turbo motor.So really, there are many combinations. A coupe STi would be GM8, sedan GC8, wagon GF8. Also, the code for the coupe American 2.5RS's were GM6 (6 standing for the 2.5 L N/A motor)

A JDM Sti Coupe has the code GC8. For example a version 4 Sti coupe has the code GC82DD. With the 2 representing 2 doors.


Version I (10/92 – 08/94) - GC8A/B

The first STi was known simply as "STi" (there was no "version" moniker added to the name until the version II). An unknown quantity was manufactured from February of 1994. In March, production was stabilized to 100 STis a month. It had convert|250|PS|kW bhp|0|abbr=on @ 6500 rpm and 31.5 kgf·m (309 N·m) @ 3500 rpm and weighed 1230 kg (2,710 lb). Before the STi, the highest trimline of the Impreza was the WRX and the WRX RA, first manufactured in November of 1992. This version of the STi was the only version where the standard cars were taken at the end of the assembly line and replaced by STi parts. After this version, the standard STi was built alongside the WRX on the production lines.

The WRX STi Type RA (marketing has made usage of the RA acronym in various ways; Record Attempt [ [ Subaru of Japan's Impreza Site] ] is the current usage. "R = Racing, A = Group A, FIA the racing class the WRC Impreza competes in" has also been confirmed by Subaru of Japan; the correspondence can be seen on the discussion board for this article) produced convert|275|PS|kW bhp|0|abbr=on and 32.5 kgf·m (319 N·m) of torque. This version of the WRX STi was a stripped out car that had no sound-deadening, radio or air-conditioning. It came sparsely equipped as it was to be sold to racing teams that would throw out the cheap parts for racing parts. This version of the WRX came with a Driver Controlled Center Differential (DCCD). This device was an electromechanical differential that could lock the differential. The DCCD would be beneficial to people who used it in various rally conditions.

Version II (09/95 – 08/96) - GC8C

The regular STi's engine output stood at convert|275|PS|kW bhp|0|abbr=on and 32.5 kgf·m (319 N·m) of torque. This was the year that STi started painting the intake manifold red. The car weighed Auto kg|1240|0 and had gold wheels like the one on the World Rally Championship Impreza.

The V-limited STi edition was produced. It was a limited edition was often used to celebrate a Manufacturer or Driver title award to Subaru's World Rally Team. The interior is colored blue on the seat inserts and carpeting. The WRX Type RA STi received a radio and air-conditioning in the V-limited form. 1000 WRX STi Version 2 V-limited were produced. 555 (the cigarette brand that was the premier sponsor of the Subaru World Rally Team and became synonymous with the Impreza WRC livery) WRX Type RA STi Version 2 V-limited were produced.

Version III (09/96 – 08/97) - GC8D

The engine was vastly updated and was given the name Boxer Master 4. It developed about 300PS but output was reported at the then-established gentlemen's agreement power limit of Auto PS|280. Torque peaked at 4000 rpm with a value of 35.0 kgf·m (343 N·m). Standard this version has a top speed of over 240 km. The car gained 10 more kilograms and weighed at Auto kg|1250|0. The STi shared the same face lift that the rest of the Impreza line received.

With Version III came the start of the coupe version of the WRX STi. It is called the WRX Type R STi. The coupe was chosen by Prodrive for use in the WRC because it was smaller, lighter and stiffer than the 4 door version. It was essentially a 2 door version of the WRX Type RA STi meaning it had DCCD, minimal sound insulation, close-gear ratios and hardened gearbox. This car also has a water-spray nozzle to dampen the top of the intercooler. The water will then evaporate, taking heat away from the intercooler and cooling the intake charge. This car was produced on an order-only basis.

Also there was WRX STI type RA (4 door) available in Version 3, they have the same motor, gearbox and R180 diff as the Version 3 WRX STI Type R, including DCCD, aluminium bonnet and front guards, no sound deadening and thinner glass. The ECU is also an exclusive tune. The Type R tends to be a bit stiffer and weighs Auto kg|1190. The DCCD has been known to bite new drivers in the wet. The RA gets a roof vent, instead of map lights, and wind up windows, although electrics are an option from factory.

Also available was a WRX Type R V-limited, in version 3. It has a WRX motor with no forged internals like the STI, and it misses out on the 4 pot front brakes as they are to be installed by rally teams. It has a roof vent and is lightweight, making a good base for a rally car.

Version 3 STI runs a VF23 IHI ball bearing turbocharger while the JDM non-STI gets a VF22.

Version IV (09/97 – 08/98) - GC8E

Power was increased to Auto PS|280, and torque was increased to 36.0 kgf·m (353 N·m).

Again, like the Version II, there were 555 WRX Type RA STi Version 4 V-limited cars produced. The WRX Type R STi Version 4 V-limited was produced on an orders-only basis with a 3 month waiting period. This model had a limited edition 555, but very few were produced.

Version 4 STI runs a VF24 IHI ball bearing turbocharger

Version V (09/98-08/99) - GC8F

The power stayed the same as the previous version. The engine layout and design was made cleaner and was dubbed as the Boxer Phase 2 engine. The facelift the rest of the Impreza line had was also applied to the STi. The WRX STi weighed Auto kg|1270|0.There were 1000 WRX Type RA STi Version 5 Limited cars and the WRX Type R STi Version 5 Limited cars had a 4 month waiting period for each order. The interior was also changed slightly from the Version 4 including seats and steering.This model was also produced as a 555 limited edition.

Version VI (09/99-08/00) - GC8G

Infobox Automobile generation
name = GC8G
version = STi RA Version 6 2000 produced

production = 1999-2000
wheelbase = auto in|99.2|0
body_style = 2-door coupé 4-door sedan 5-door station wagon
engine = 2.0 L H4
related = Subaru Impreza
Subaru Impreza WRX
Subaru Forester
Again the power stayed the same. Most of the changes were cosmetic. The wing was sculpted to be more aggressive.

There were 2000 WRX STi Version 6 Limited, 1000 WRX Type R Version 6 Limited and 2000 WRX STi RA Version 6 Limited cars produced.

Japanese-spec Special Variants

22B STi (03/98 – 08/98)

In 1998, Subaru of Japan produced a widebody, 2-door, Impreza called the "22B STi". The 22B was used to commemorate both Subaru's 40th anniversary as well as the 3rd consecutive manufacturer's title for Subaru in the FIA World Rally Championship. On the release of the sales, all 399 sold out from 30 minutes to 48 hours, depending on the report. [ [ Subaru's "Drive Performance" Version 3.2] ] The cars had the starting VIN code of GC8E2SD. Another 25 were produced for export markets - see the 22B Type UK below.

The 22B had the EJ22 engine as opposed to the regular EJ20 engine. This means the displacement was increased from 1994 cc to 2212 cc. The block is a closed-deck design. The heads (valves, valvetrain and such) were lifted from the STi Version 4 engine. It produce Auto PS|350 at 6000 rpm and 363 N·m (225 ft·lbf = 37.0 kgf·m) of torque at a lower engine speed of 3200 rpm. The redline was lowered from 8000 rpm to 7000 rpm. The compression is an 8.0:1. The turbocharger is an IHI RHF 5HB (the internal company usage code is VF23).

This car was given a unique color of blue and had fender flared widebody taken from the Peter Stevens designed WRC car, thus widening the width by 80 mm (3.15 inches) for a total of 1,770 mm (69.7). During assembly, a WRX Type R chassis was taken off the line. The fenders were replaced with the 22B STi fenders. The car's curb weight is 1,270 kg (2,800 lb). The suspension is provided by Bilstein. The brakes were standard 4-piston/2-piston brakes. However, the color is red and the Subaru name casted on the brake calipers and painted white. The wheels were increased in size from the standard WRX Type R STi from 16x7" to 17x8.5" BBS Elektra wheels. The car is shod with 235/40 ZR17 Pirelli P Zeros. The clutch was upgraded to a sintered twin clutch with a ceramic disk. The transmission ratios are the same as the standard WRX Type R, but the gears were shot-peened for added reliability. The car has a unique hood, a WRC-inspired front bumper and a unique adjustable rear wing.

The origin of the name 22B has often been debated. Many assume 22 referred to the 2.2 liter displacement and the B was for the Bilstein suspension. This would correlate with the idea that Subaru sells a Legacy Spec B, where the B represents the Bilstein suspension. Others believe that 22B was meant to represent the much recognized 555 decal (555 is a tobacco company that was a major sponsor for Subaru in the WRC) on the WRC car as 22B is a hexadecimal representation of the decimal number, 555. But the truth is simply that 22 represents the 2.2 liter engine, and B is Subaru of Japans representative letter for turbocharged.

It must be noted that the 22B STi that is supposed to be #13 was never given the plaque. Subaru of America imported #13 to be used as a press car. Three 22B STis were given the #000 plaque, 2 went to the World Rally car drivers for Subaru at the time Colin McRae and Nicky Grist, with the third going to David Lapworth of Prodrive.cite book | last = Rees | first = Chris | title = You and Your Subaru Impreza Turbo: Buying, Enjoying, Maintaining and Modifying | publisher = Haynes Publishing | date = 2001 | pages = 50-53 | isbn = 1-8596-0825-6]

201 STi (2000)

Subaru Tecnica International started the S-series of special Imprezas. This series is a limited production series that sports an engine output of greater than Auto PS|280 (special variant cars were excluded from the gentlemen's agreement). The car was decked with nearly every single part from the STi catalogue.

The S201 was a 4-door STi that sported the only body-kitted S-series WRX STi. It had a tri-planar wing and a massive front airsplitter. The entire suspension was composed of STi parts.

UK-spec Special Variants

22B Type UK (1998)

16 of the 'export' 22B's (see above) were modified by Prodrive, with longer gear ratios, UK lights and driving lights and an official 3 year warranty. Because 50 22B's had already been imported privately into the UK, Subaru UK had to wait until 1999 to register the 22B Type UK's under the Single Vehicle Approval scheme. The price was £39,950, which was roughly what grey import 22B's were going for.

P1 (2000)

To counter the grey imports of high-performance Japanese variants, Subaru UK commissioned Prodrive to produce an 'official' limited edition of 1000 two-door cars in Sonic Blue. [] . The chassis was a 2 door coupe. They were taken from the STI Type R lines and used for the P1. The car was the only coupe version of the WRX STI GC chassis to receive ABS. In order to allow for ABS, the DCCD was dropped. Engine output was boosted to Auto bhp|276|0, and the suspension optimised for British roads. Options were available from Subaru consisting of 6 piston front brake calipers, electric Recaro seats, 18" OZ alloys and a P1(Prodrive) stamped backbox. The P1, or Prodrive One, is echoed in the name of the Prodrive P2 concept car.

GDB chassis (2002 - 2008)

Infobox Automobile generation
name = GDB

production = 2002-2008
wheelbase = 2004-05: auto in|100.0|0
2006-08: auto in|99.4|0
length = 2004-05: auto in|173.8|0
2006-08: auto in|175.8|0
width = auto in|68.5|0
height = auto in|56.3|0
weight = auto lb|3296|0
body_style = 4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
engine = 2.0L H4
2.5L H4
related = Subaru Impreza
Subaru Forester
Subaru Impreza WRX
Saab 9-2X
transmission = 6-speed manual
5-speed semi-automatic

In 2000, the Impreza line received a complete update. The chassis was stiffened so that it had 120% torsional stiffness increase. The WRX STi gained 17" x 7.5" alloy wheels over the previous 16" x 7" wheels. The 5 speed semi-automatic transmission (reputed to be one of the car's weakpoints) was changed to an STi engineered 6 speed manual transmission. The engine was retained from the Version 6 STi and still retains the semi-closed deck block and is still labeled as the EJ207. However, the turbochargers are IHI models. The interior was updated with a STi logo on the gauge. The STi's tachometer also has a red shift light. The STi's and optioned Type RA STi have received Brembo 4 piston front and 2 piston rear brakes while the bare-bones Type RA STi still carried the Subaru 4 piston front and 2 piston rear brakes. Externally, the STis had larger hoodscoops and had foglight covers with STi embossed on them. The DCCD was updated so it can work with anti-lock brakes. During braking, when the ABS is on, the DCCD will set itself to open-mode (no locking).

The version nomenclature was dropped from the name. Japanese and other auto-enthusiasts often refer to the chassis as GDB/GDF (the STi has a 'B' or 'F'(for USDM models) where as the regular WRX had an 'A'). The forth charter of the VIN gives the revision (A to F where G is the current (2007) version).


Rev. A (2000)

In 2000, the WRX STi received the aforementioned updates. The WRX Type RA STi was produced. The STi wagon was still produced but its engine only produced convert|260|PS|kW bhp|0|abbr=on . The STi foglight covers had white STi lettering on them.

The WRX Type RA STi was used for the Group N homologation.

Rev. B (2001)

Along with the rest of the Impreza line, the grill and body of the WRX STi was minorly updated by Peter Stevens to give it a more angular look when seen from the side. The foglight covers had pink STi lettering. Not much else besides minor suspension improvements and a small increase in torque output was done.

The WRX Type RA STi was dropped for a new WRX STi Spec C. This model was much lighter than the WRX Type RA as it received lighter glass and body panels. The Spec C's handling was much improved due to an increase in caster (from 3.5 degrees to 5 degrees). This was achieved not by changing the suspension mounting point, but by lengthening the wheelbase (15 mm). This was done by including different control arms. This increased caster significantly helped the turn-in capabilities of the car. The Spec C also has a steering rack ratio of 13:1. The motor displacement was increased from 2.0L to 2.5L. The transmission is supplied with its own oil cooler.

The WRX STi wagon had ceased to be produced.

Rev. C (2002)

Little change from Rev. B.

The WRX STi was used for Group N homologation.

Rev. D (2003)

The WRX STi received the same Peter Stevens-designed facelift that rest of the Imprezas received. The WRX STi is now capable of being ordered with DCCD.

The WRX STi Spec C Type RA was released. It sported a carbon-fiber wing and a carbon fiber lip. It also had a new set of BBS wheels as well as a newly tuned engine.

The WRX STi V-limited was released. It sports 4-way dampers tuned by Subaru World Rally Team's Group N driver Toshi Arai.

The WRX STi was used for Group N homologation.

Rev. E (2004)

The WRX STi receives the same increase in wheelbase as the Spec C. All STis received additional rear fender flaring in order to allow an increase in wheel size. The wheel size went from 17" x 7.5" to 17" x 8". In accordance with the increased wheel width, steering lock-to-lock turns have been reduced. Wheel hub strength was improved. The P.C.D. was changed from 5 x 100 mm to 5 x 114.3 mm. The interior was vastly improved as well. A whole new center console now brings out a very high grade interior feel.

Rev. F (2005)

The WRX STI continues on relatively the same. The Impreza line's looks have been updated.

The WRX STI Spec C's receives the Arai tuned dampers and a Auto mm|21|1 swaybar. The rear suspension is changed from rubber bushings to pillowball bushings. The strut tower was further stiffened for improved handling and stability. The strut towers were reinforced for better handling and better ride characteristics. The engine mounts were changed from metal to liquid-filled plastic mounts to reduce vibrations into the car's cabin. Some 2006 owners have had issues with these plastic engine mounts. The manufacturer will replace them, under warranty if broken, with the 2005 rubber mounts. [ [ Thread on 2006MY WRX STI plastic engine mounts] ]

The DCCD is updated with the use of a torque-sensing mechanism inside the DCCD. The torque split is changed to 41/59.

The WRX STI Spec C was used for Group N homologation.

The WRX STI Spec C Type RA was released in November 2005, with 350 units produced. The Type RA added the following to the Spec C model from the STI parts catalogue: 4-way STI adjustable inverted struts, STI Japan-spec pink springs, STI rear lateral links, STI rear trailing links, STI Auto mm|21|1 rear sway bar, STI rear pillowball suspension, STI Auto mm|110|1 opening rear axleback exhaust, STI 17" x 8" Enkei-made wheels and STI V-lip front spoiler.

Rev. G (2007)

The WRX STI and STI Spec C is mechanically similar to the previous revision.

Changes include a slightly larger turbo (VF43, as opposed to VF39 in the older version) and revised gearing on the 6 speed manual transmission. They also use top feed injectors instead of side feed injectors like the previous STi models(04-06USDM). This means the intake manifold is a bit different as well as the TVG(Tumble Valve Generators) used for emissions on cold start-ups.

Japanese-spec Special Variants


This car was an S-series Impreza based on the Spec C. All of the suspension and powertrain parts included STi parts from the STi part catalogue. The interior included special edition black seats with red STi logo stitching. A smaller, lightweight AC compressor was fitted to save weight. The brake rotors were gas slotted. The wheels were STi labeled Ray's Volks alloys.


This limited edition Subaru was an S-series Impreza based on the WRX STi. Again it is basically a car with all the STi parts available. It was shod with custom made convert|18|in|mm|sing=on BBS alloys with Pirellis.


The new S204 was released at the end of 2005. It is based on the WRX STi and similar to the S203. It does away with the roof spoiler and has a different grille from the rest of the Impreza line. The S204 has a two-litre (EJ20) H4 engine capable of developing convert|235|kW|PS bhp|0|abbr=on and a six-speed manual gearbox. When cruising the S204 achieves Auto km/h|100|0 at 3000 rpm in top gear and can reach Auto km/h|220|0 at 6000 rpm.

Suspension can be described as 'stiff' with torsional rigidity enhanced by the inclusion of laterally mounted items described as "performance dampers" bearing both the STi logo and Yamaha. As a result cornering can be described as excellent.

Recaro has used carbon-fibre extensively in the manufacture of the driver and front passenger seats available in the S204. The high side bolsters provide significant support to the driver during maneuvers that induce lateral forces and are considered to be an integral feature to the cornering performance of this vehicle. The seats are rigid in design and have relatively little cushioning compared to other Impreza Models.

The addition of a carbon fibre front-lip spoiler and a rear diffuser on an already low suspension setup plus the use of low-profile Pirelli P Zero (Corsa) tyres implies the S204 is intended mostly for sealed road use.

WRX STI Spec C Type RA-R

At the end of October, 300 2007MY WRX STI Spec C Type RA-Rs were open for ordering. These cars are based on the WRX STI Spec C. The wheels are changed for convert|18|in|mm|sing=on, STI-branded, Enkei-made, white wheels. The engine has been blueprinted and balanced. It produces Auto PS|320|0 of power. The suspension is built with the latest STI parts from the STI catalogue. The front brakes are 6-piston brembo brakes. The brakes are made so that they change from silver to gold when heated from usage. The rotors are slotted. The 2nd R in "RA-R" is stated by an STI engineer to mean "Radical". [ February 2007 Edition Best Motoring Interview of STI engineer @ 7:00]

color code: gun metal


This WRX STI A-Line is mechanically the same as the Japan-spec STI. The exterior has been toned down with the removal of large rear spoiler, black Brembo brakes, titanium colored Enkei wheels, a black STI front lip and leather seats in order to target the more mature market.

Asia, Oceania and European-spec

In 2001, most of Asia, Oceania and Europe received the new STi. The engine was detuned to meet emission standards. Engine output was variously rated from Auto PS|265 to Auto PS|280 depending on market.

2005 STis received the long awaited DCCD control available in other markets, as well as a slight wheelbase increase to match the Japanese-spec WRX STi Spec-C.

In 2006, the model was facelifted like all STIs and the engine was changed to the EJ257 producing Auto PS|280.

OP360 (2007)

In 2007 OP360 was launched using the STI base model and developed to produce 305 whp or nearly 400 hp with convert|414|ft.lbf|N.m|abbr=on of torque at 3,700 rpm. The car is a complete package with its road holding and engine package, ultimately a road and track car. OP360 is completely re badged, Recaro seats, upgraded coil springs, 32 way bump and rebound adjustable dampers, large diameter anti roll bars, brake pads, braided brake hose lines, re mapped ECU, 3 inch full exhaust etc.

UK Special Variants

WR1 (2004)

A limited edition of 1000 Japanese MY04 WRX STI's with DCCD were exported to celebrate victory in the 2003 WRC driver's championship. 500 were sold in Europe, Australia and South Africa as the Petter Solberg edition, the other 500 were further modified by Prodrive and sold in the UK as the WR1. They had Auto bhp|316|0 and 309.8 lb.ft, an incredible 0-60mph time of only 4.25seconds and a top speed of 155pmh, Prodrive WRX STI springs, Pirelli PZero Nero tires, mesh grilles, Ice Blue metallic paint and Prodrive PFF7 Pewter wheels. The new ECU and exhaust were not EU homologated, so had to be fitted after registration of the car. Price was £29,995.

pec D (2006)

A 'discreet' version of the STI was made for a more conservative market. It is similar to the Japanese-spec A-Line except it had regular WRX spoiler on the boot, silver wheels (not Gold) and removal of the rear roof vane,it has projector fog lights Smartnav with touch screen operation (1 years free subscription), Tracker (1 years free subscription),and safe speed as standard although this was only free for the first month (subscription after that). A Pioneer DEH-P70BT sound system with an output of 200 W and a plug in iPod adapter is also standard., with Bluetooth phone connection. along with leather trim to seats and doors Auto climate control was also standard. It was limited to a run of 300 cars in one colour only, that was Crystal Grey Metallic so therefore is rarer than the RB320 that had a run of 320 cars. Power on this model is rated at Auto bhp|277|0. It has a 0-60 time of 5 seconds and a top speed of 158 M.P.H. It sold for £28,450.

RB320 (2007)

Echoing the RB5, a limited edition of 320 2007MY cars in Obsidian Black Pearl were released "in memory of Richard Burns", an ex-Subaru World Rally driver who had died in 2005 due to a brain tumor. The car produces Auto PS|320|0 of horsepower and Auto Nm|450|0 of torque due to tuning by Prodrive. The suspension has been upgraded with Eibach springs, an Eibach rear stabilizer bar and Bilstein struts. It rides on 18" anthracite alloys. A £1500 option on the car was to have the interior changed to a black leather/alcantara with RB320 stitching on the seat and a new shift knob which helps you reach that 158mph top speed. The car has silver mesh grilles. The price is £29,995 (around $60,500 USD) on the road. []

UK Unofficial Variants

Litchfield Type 25 (2004)

Litchfield Imports [] initially imported Japanese Spec C cars into the UK. When Subaru removed creature comforts like air conditioning and electric windows from the Spec C at the end of 2003, Iain Litchfield wanted to continue to offer an 'everyday' car as fast as the Spec C. So he imported EJ257 engines from the US, got to modify them to produce Auto bhp|350|0, and then dropped them into a Japanese STI. The suspension was upgraded with AST Sportline I adjustable coilovers and Whiteline stabilizer bars and anti-lift kit to cope better with British roads. The May 2004 edition of EVO magazine] [] called it the 'Best Impreza Ever' when tested against the WR1, Spec C and P1.

Litchfield Type 25 (2007)

The new Type 25 is based on the 2007 Spec C, but the engine block and heads has been developed by Cosworth US to give Auto bhp|415|0 and Auto ft.lbf|420|0, for a power/weight ratio greater than a Porsche 997 Turbo. The car can be ordered with optional Porsche brake system.


Rev. D (2003)

In 2004, Subaru of America announced it will sell the WRX STi. Subaru Tecnica International's president said in an interview with "Road & Track" magazine that he wishes to beat the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution in the US. Thus, each iteration of the US-spec WRX STi was essentially the same as the respective J-spec STi Spec C. All the part numbers match up, including the part-numbers for the glass windows and dampeners. However, instead of the EJ207, the USA receives the first EJ257, a 2.5 liter version of the EJ207. Unlike the EJ207, it features hypereutectic cast pistons as opposed to the forged pistons in the EJ207. The steering rack is the standard STi's 15.2:1 instead of the Spec C's 13:1

Rev. E (2004)

As with the Japanese-spec C models, US-spec STis received additional rear fender flaring in order to allow an increase in wheel size. The wheel size went from 17" x 7.5" to 17" x 8". In accordance with the increased wheel width, steering lock-to-lock turns have been reduced. Wheel hub strength was improved. The P.C.D. was changed from 5 x 100 to 5 x 114.3. The Suretrac L.S.D. in the 04 model was replaced with the Helical limited slip differential. In the interior, the Stereo became standard. The badging has been revised and different look was given to the steering wheel, shift knob, HVAC controls, and center console.

Rev. F (2005)

The US-spec STIs receive the same facelift as the Japanese-spec STIs. Mechanically speaking, the DCCD and the engine mounts have been changed. Like the Japanese-spec STIs engine mounts were changed from metal to liquid-filled plastic mounts to reduce vibrations into the car's cabin. On the largest Impreza forum, North American Subaru Impreza Owners Club, 2006MY owners have had issues with these plastic engine mounts. The manufacturer will replace them, under warranty, if broken, with the 2005MY rubber and metal mounts. Later 2006MY vehicles were equipped from the factory with 2005MY mounts. The center differential is updated with the addition of a mechanical limited slip mechanism to supplement the electromagnetic DCCD. The torque split is changed to 41/59. The 2006MY STI weighs approximately Auto lb|3350|0.

Rev. G (2007)

In 2007, quite a number of changes were made to the US-spec model. Due to Subaru's decision to reduce costs by cutting the amount of aluminum used, the US-spec STI no longer receives the J-spec Spec C control arms. The control arms are now the aluminum ones used on the Japan-spec revision A and B non-Spec C STis. The high caster angle has been reduced, which in turn reduces the wheelbase from 100" to 99.4". The rear sway bar has decreased in size from Auto mm|20|1 to Auto mm|19|1. The gear ratios of second, third and fourth gears have been made longer (higher ratio) in order to improve fuel economy and driveability, which inadvertently reduces 1/4 mile drag racing times due to the ability to trap convert|114|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on in 4th gear, without the shift to 5th. The EJ257's cylinder heads have been redesigned to improve cooling, and the sodium-filled exhaust valves have been deleted. Different pistons also came with the new valves and cylinder heads. The alternator is changed from a 90A rating to 110 amps. The rear LSD is now a Torsen unit, considered an upgrade over the previous model's helical unit. The turbo has also been changed to the VF43, which has a different wastegate actuator than the VF39. The side cowl braces are stiffer than the 2006MY. The engine mounts are once again the hard rubber mounts used prior to 2006. On the interior, there is an audio jack that replaces the ashtray, a rear center armrest with trunk pass-through and a 120 W audio system. [ [ Subaru's "Drive Performance" Version 3.2] ]

The ECU was completely re-engineered in order to meet US LEV2 emissions requirements, which has caused throttle and timing issues. A secondary air pump was also added to help meet LEV2. Top Feed injectors replaced the Side Feed from the previous models.

The WRX STI Limited is introduced. It is similar to the Japan-spec STI A-line, except the mechanicals of the car are based on the 2007MY US-spec WRX STI.

The differences between the 2004-2006 STi and the 2007 STi are significant and many; making these two vehicles very difficult to compare to each other.

GC chassis comparison to the GD chassis


Subaru claims that the GD chassis is 148 percent and 82 percent stiffer in torsional and beam rigidity, respectively, than the GC chassis. Due to the increase in stiffness, the car has much better stability in corners and is easier to control at the limit.

In terms of safety, the GD chassis scored much higher than the GC chassis and earned a "Good" rating (highest mark) from the IIHS's offset crash test. 4 stars front driver, 5 star front passenger and 4 star side safety ratings from the NHTSA. In a magazine article from the December 2005 Firehouse magazine (a periodical written and made for firefighters), Ron Moore writes how it is well-known that the Impreza chassis has great protection in its B-pillars. This side structure has 8 layers of high-strength, high-tension steel including a round steel bar running through the middle. The author notes how drivers simply walk away from horrific side-impact accidents.


One of the biggest complaints with the GD chassis is that it gains nearly Auto kg|200|0 in weight over the GC chassis. Much of this weight came in the form of chassis stiffening as the car was made to meet every country's crash standards. The weight also hampers the cars maneuverability, transitions and turn-in capabilities. The GC Imprezas were notable for being very lightweight despite having AWD, the WRX Type STi Version VI, at Auto kg|1260|0, was lighter than the concurrent Mazda RX-7 "type RZ" (1270 kg) and Honda NSX "type S Zero" (1270 kg). In this fashion, the GC chassis has a better advantage.

The author mentioned above also notes that the Jaws of Life need to cut the Subaru's B-pillars at certain points in order to cut through the car frame. [ [ December 2005 Firehouse magazine article on Subaru's chassis design] ]

GE/GH/GR chassis (2007-Present)

Infobox Automobile generation

name = GR
production = 2007-Present
wheelbase = auto in|103.3|0
body_style = 5-door hatchback
weight = auto lb|3373|0
transmission = 6-speed manual
length = Auto in|173.8|0
width = Auto in|70.7|0
height = Auto in|58.1|0
related = Subaru Forester
Subaru Impreza
Subaru Impreza WRX
engine = 2.0L Convert|304|hp|kW|0|abbr=on H4
2.5L Convert|305|hp|kW|0|abbr=on H4

The 2008 STI has received a higher degree of parts to differentiate it from its Impreza WRX brethren. Unlike the Impreza WRX, the STI uses aluminum suspension components, is only available as a 5-door wagon, and has different fenders than that are ?.?" wider. The turbo forces air through a larger top-mount-intercooler which has lost the red "STI" that was on previous generations.

Like other 2008 Impreza models, the 2008 car benefits from a lower polar moment of inertia due to smaller overhangs, and also features a double wishbone rear suspension. [ [ Full Test: 2008 Subaru Impreza WRX STI ] ] The car also borrows new intake and exhaust components from the Legacy GT platform.

The J-spec version have a 2.0L convert|304|bhp|kW PS|0|abbr=on EJ207 engine with a twin scroll turbocharger, while other versions of the car have a 2.5L convert|305|bhp|kW PS|0|abbr=on EJ257 engine with a single-scroll VF48 turbocharger.

Currently, a Subaru WRX STI spec.C is in the works for production. It has been spotted lapping the Nurburgring. It is expected to shed 70 kg in weight, have minor engine tweaks, have an updated aero kit, and bigger brakes.

The precursor to the WRX STI spec.C has surfaced, named the Subaru Takumi concept. It was displayed at the MotorSport Japan 2008 auto show. The only visual cues to differentiate this car from the regular STI are a blacked-out rear spoiler, front lip spoiler, and 12-spoke wheels that are strikingly similar to the ones featured on the spec.C test mule spotted around the Nurburgring. The upgraded parts included on the car are drivetrain and suspension modifications. There is no word on performance figures or power output.

The latest US model of the STI has convert|305|bhp|kW PS|0|abbr=on and convert|290|ft.lbf|N.m|abbr=on. of torque and range in price from $35,640 to $39,440, depending on the options included. The 2008 US Impreza STI has the model code GR, reflecting the different 'wide body 5-door' chassis as compared to the GH '5-door' chassis used for the US 2008 Impreza WRX. The new 'wide body 5-door' chassis is auto in|70.7|0 wide compared to auto in|68.5|0 for the regular WRX '5-door' chassis. Curb weight varies from auto lb|3373|0 to auto lb|3395|0 depending on the options.

At the New York Autoshow, a Subaru spokesman confirmed that the Impreza WRC will be based on the hatch platform, due to its lower polar moment of inertia. [ [ Full Test: 2008 Subaru Impreza WRX STI ] ]

Subaru (UK) Limited will introduce two new WRX STI models at the British Auto Show that have specific tuning by Prodrive. The first of the two will be the WRX STI 330S, intended to compete with the UK-spec Lancer Evolution X FQ-330. It produces convert|330|PS|kW bhp|0|abbr=on and has a 0-60 mph time of 4.4 seconds. The last of the two will be the WRX STI 380S. It could make it into production within 6 months, pending positive consumer reception. It sports new wheels and an upgraded body kit. It is expected to produce convert|380|PS|kW bhp|0|abbr=on. Currently, there are no other specs for the car.

Subaru announced, on September 10th 2008, that the 380S variation will not be produced, due to homologation and specification difficulties. There are plans to replace this variant with a Limited Edition Model, during 2009.

The Singaporean, Australian and Malaysian (all RHD countries) markets will receive the 2.5 liter Euro-spec version instead of the J-spec version, producing 296 horsepower and 407Nm of torque. [ [ Subaru Impreza WRX STI and 2.0 S-GT: A Test Drive Experience] ]

Official Japanese site:

American site:

ee also

*Subaru Impreza
*Subaru Impreza WRX
*Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
*Prodrive P2


External links

* [ Subaru Global-Homepage]
* [ Subaru Tecnica International Official Site]
* [ 22B Official Information] (Japanese)
* [ Subaru World Rally Team Homepage]

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