CCR and CAR algebras

CCR and CAR algebras

In quantum field theory, if V is a real vector space equipped with a nonsingular real antisymmetric bilinear form (,) (i.e. a symplectic vector space), the unital *-algebra generated by elements of V subject to the relations


for any f, g in V is called the canonical commutation relations (CCR) algebra. The uniqueness of the representations of this algebra when V is finite dimensional is discussed in the Stone-von Neumann theorem.

There is also a corresponding unital C*-algebra, often referred to as the Weyl form of the algebra, generated by eif subject to

:e^{ic_1 f}e^{ic_2 f}=e^{i(c_1+c_2) f}:e^{if}e^{ig}=e^{-i(f,g)}e^{ig}e^{if}:(eif)*=e-if

for real numbers c1, c2.

If V is equipped with a nonsingular real symmetric bilinear form (,) instead, the unital *-algebra generated by the elements of V subject to the relations


for any f, g in V is called the canonical anticommutation relations (CAR) algebra.

If V is a real Z2-graded vector space equipped with a nonsingular antisymmetric bilinear superform (,) (i.e. (g,f)=-(-1)|f||g|(g,f) ) such that (f,g) is real if either f or g is an even element and imaginary if both of them are odd, the unital *-algebra generated by the elements of V subject to the relations

:fg-(-1)^gf=i(f,g):f*=f, g*=g

for any two pure elements f, g in V is the obvious super generalization which unifies CCRs with CARs.

ee also

* canonical commutation relation
* Stone-von Neumann theorem
* Bose-Einstein statistics
* Fermi-Dirac statistics
* Heisenberg group
* Weyl algebra
* Bogoliubov transformation
* (−1)F

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