- Folk dance
Folk dance is a term used to describe a large number of dances, mostly of European origin, that tend to share the following attributes:
* originally danced in about the 19th century or earlier (or are, in any case, not
* performance is dominated by an inherited tradition rather than by innovation;
* danced by common people and not exclusively by
* developed spontaneously and there is no governing body that has final say over what "the dance" is or who is authorized to teach it. This also means that no one has the final say over the definition of folk dance or the minimum age for such dances.
Folk dances are traditionally performed during social events by people with little or no professional training. New dancers often learn informally by observing others and/or receiving help from others. Folk dancing is viewed as more of a social activity rather than competitive, although there are professional and semi-professional folk dance groups, and occasional folk dance competitions.
The term "folk dance" is sometimes applied to certain dances of historical importance in European culture and history; typically originated before 20th century. For other cultures the terms "ethnic dance" or "traditional dance" are sometimes used, although the latter terms may encompass
There are a number of modern dances, such as hip hop dance, that evolve spontaneously, but the term "folk dance" is generally not applied to them, and the terms "street dance" or "vernacular dance" are used instead. The term "folk dance" is reserved for dances which are to a significant degree bound by European tradition and originated in the times when the distinction existed between the dances of "common folk" and the dances of the "high society".
A number of modern ballroom dances originated from folk ones.
The terms "ethnic" and "traditional" are used when it is required to emphasize the cultural roots of the dance. In this sense, nearly all folk dances are ethnic ones. If some dances, such as polka, cross ethnic boundaries and even cross the boundary between "folk" and "ballroom dance", ethnic differences are often considerable enough to mention, e.g., Czech polka vs. German polka.
Not all ethnic dances are folk dances; for example, ritual dances or dances of ritual origin are not considered to be folk dances. Ritual dances are usually called "Religious dances" because of their purpose.
Types of folk dance
Types of folk dance include
clogging, English country dance, international folk dance, Irish dance, Maypole dance, Morris dance, Nordic polska dance, Ball de bastons, square dance, and sword dance. Some choreographeddances such as contra dance, Israeli folk dance, Scottish country dance, and modern Western square dance, are called folk dances, though this is not true in the strictest sense. Country danceoverlaps with contemporary folk dance and ballroom dance. Most country dances and ballroom dances originated from folk dances, with gradual refinement over the years.
People familiar with folk dancing can often determine what country a dance is from even if they have not seen that particular dance before. Some countries' dances have features that are unique to that country, although neighboring countries sometimes have similar features. For example, the German and
Austrian schuhplattling dance consists of slapping the body and shoes in a fixed pattern, a feature that few other countries' dances have. Folk dances sometimes evolved long before current political boundaries, so that certain dances are shared by several countries. For example, some Serbian, Bulgarian, and Croatian dances share the same or similar dances, and sometimes even use the same name and music for those dances.
Although folk dancing was historically done by the common people of the local culture,
international folk dancehas received some popularity on college campuses and community centers within the United Statesand other countries.
Mexican folkloric dance developed over five centuries from the pre-Columbian era, through the Spanish conquest, the French Intervention which included an Austrian influence, the Porfiriato, and the 1910 Revolution, to the modern era. The fusion of these influences with the indigenous culture created over 300 dance styles within the thirty-two Mexican states, to comprise a unique Mexican folk dance tradition. [ [http://www.mexfoldanco.org Mexican Folkloric Dance Company of Chicago] ]
* [http://www.folkr.org Folklore People Community]
Austrian folk dance
* Bulgarian folk dancing
China National Ethnic Song and Dance
Country and Western dance
Dance basic topics, a list of general dance topics
Indian folk dances
International folk dance
Israeli folk dancing
List of ethnic, regional, and folk dances sorted by origin
* Nordic polska dance
Scottish country dance
Scottish highland dance
* [http://www.folklorefestivals.com/eng/default.aspx Folk festivals around the world]
* [http://www.recfd.com/ Additional folk dance information]
* [http://www.folkdancing.org/ Folk Dance Association (US and Canada)]
* [http://www.phantomranch.net/folkdanc/articles.htm International folk dance articles]
* [http://www.dancilla.com Largest collection of folk dance videos online] on
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