image_caption = Kičevo
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption =Location within Macedonia
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MKD
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=41 |latm=31 |lats=04 |latNS=N
longd=20 |longm=57 |longs=56 |longEW=E
postal_code_type = Postal code
footnotes = Kičevo ( _mk. Кичево, audio-IPA|Mk-Kichevo.ogg| [ˈkitʃɛvɔ] ; _sq. Kërçovë "or" Kërçova) is a city in the western part of the
Republic of Macedonia, located in a valley in the south-eastern slopes of Mount Bistra, between the cities of Ohridand Gostivar. The capital Skopjeis 112 km away. The city of Kičevo is a seat of the Kičevo municipality.
The town of Kičevo has 30,138 inhabitants. The largest ethnic group is the Macedonians who constitute for 15,031 people (54%). The next largest groups are the
Albanianswith about 9,202 people (31%), and the Turks with about 2,406 (8%).
The name of the city in Macedonian is "Kičevo" (Кичево). Kičevo is first mentioned as "Uskana" in the reign of Perseus, king of
Macedonduring the Third Macedonian War(171-168 BC). The next written record of the town did not come until 1018, under the name of "Kičavis", noted in one of the documents of the Byzantine emperor Basil II.
It is presumed that the present name of the town originates from the name of this settlement populated by the Slavic
Brsjacitribe. The Albanian name of the city is "Kërçova".
Kičevo was noted in one of the documents of the Byzantine emperor
Basil IIin 1018, and also mentioned by the Ohrid archbishop Theophilact in XI century.
When the region was conquered by the
Ottoman Empire, Kičevo was turned into the military and administrative center of the region. Notable monument of that period is a clock tower built in the foothills of the nearby hill called "Kichevsko Kale".
The activities of the
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization(IMRO) in the region of Kičevo were initiated by the priest Josif from the monastery of Bogorodica Prečista near the city, supported by many teachers from the neighbouring villages. Priest Josif and Pere Toshevformed the first armed detachment in Kičevo in 1878, led by Duko Tasev. On August 2, 1903, the citizens of Kičevo joined the struggle for Macedonian independence, led by Arso Vojvoda and Jordan Piperkata.
In 1919 Kičevo and the whole region were incorporated in the
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
World War II, Kičevo was occupied by forces from Fascist Italy. On September 11, 1943, Kičevo became the first liberated city in Macedonia.
Saint Bogorodica Precista Monastery("Monastery of Immaculate Mother of God") is a significant monastery near Kičevo. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary, Mother of God, the feast day of this monastery is "Mala Bogorodica", (Birthday of the Virgin Mary on the 21st of September). The monastery, dedicated to the Annunciationand lodgings for devout monks, represents a medieval monastery that was known under the name Krninski monastery in the past.
Another important monument is the monastery of St. George located in the vicinity of Kičevo.
* [http://www.kicevo.gov.mk Kičevo web site]
* [http://kicevo.net.mk Kičevo portal web]
* [http://kicevo.blog.com.mk Kičevo blog]
* [http://www.dentist-mk.com/Macedonia/Kicevo/SvBogorodica/Precista.htm Monastery of St. Bogorodica Precista]
* [http://www.esiweb.org/picturestories/neg/kicevo.htm Information on Kicevo as part of the "New Economic Geography" map of the European Stability Initiative)]
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