Wildlife of Sudan

Wildlife of Sudan

The Wildlife of Sudan includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats. It has 287 species of mammals and 207 species of birds.

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Afrosoricida (tenrecs and golden moles)

----The order Afrosoricida contains the golden moles of southern Africa and the tenrecs of Madagascar and Africa, two families of small mammals that were traditionally part of the order Insectivora.

***Family: Tenrecidae (tenrecs)
****Subfamily: Potamogalinae
*****Genus: Potamogale
****** Giant Otter Shrew "Potamogale velox" LC

Order: Macroscelidea (elephant-shrews)

----Often called sengisi, the elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Their common English name derives from their elongated flexible snout and their resemblance to the true shrews.

***Family: Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews)
****Genus: Elephantulus
***** Short-snouted Sengi "Elephantulus brachyrhynchus" LC
***** Dusky-footed Sengi "Elephantulus fuscipes" DD
***** Rufous Sengi "Elephantulus rufescens" LC

Order: Tubulidentata (aardvarks)

----The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the Aardvark. Tubulidentata are characterised by their teeth which lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes which are continuously worn down and replaced.

***Family: Orycteropodidae
****Genus: Orycteropus
***** Aardvark "Orycteropus afer" LC

Order: Hyracoidea (hyraxes)

----The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stmpy tail. They are native to Africa and the Middle East.

***Family: Procaviidae (hylaxes)
****Genus: Dendrohyrax
***** Western Tree Hyrax "Dendrohyrax dorsalis" LC
****Genus: Heterohyrax
***** Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax "Heterohyrax brucei" LC
****Genus: Procavia
***** Cape Hyrax "Procavia capensis" LC

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)

----The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

***Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
****Genus: Loxodonta
***** African Bush Elephant "Loxodonta africana" VU

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

----Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

***Family: Dugongidae
****Genus: Dugong
***** Dugong "Dugong dugon" VU

Order: Primates

----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Strepsirrhini
**Infraorder: Lorisiformes
****Family: Galagidae
*****Genus: Galago
****** Senegal Bushbaby "Galago senegalensis" LR/lc
*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Catarrhini
****Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
*****Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
******Genus: Erythrocebus
******* Patas Monkey "Erythrocebus patas" LR/lc
******Genus: Cercopithecus
******* Chlorocebus "Cercopithecus aethiops" LR/lc
******* Black-cheeked White-nosed Monkey "Cercopithecus ascanius" LR/lc
******* Blue Monkey "Cercopithecus mitis" LR/lc
******* De Brazza's Monkey "Cercopithecus neglectus" LR/lc
******Genus: Lophocebus
******* Grey-cheeked Mangabey "Lophocebus albigena" LR/lc
******Genus: Papio
******* Olive Baboon "Papio anubis" LR/lc
******* Hamadryas Baboon "Papio hamadryas" LR/nt
******Subfamily: Colobinae
*******Genus: Colobus
******** Mantled Guereza "Colobus guereza" LR/lc
****Superfamily: Hominoidea
*****Family: Hominidae (humans)
******Subfamily: Homininae
*******Tribe: Hominini
********Genus: Pan
********* Common Chimpanzee "Pan troglodytes" EN

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Bathyergidae
***Genus: Cryptomys
**** Ochre Mole Rat "Cryptomys ochraceocinereus" DD
**Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
***Genus: Atherurus
**** African Brush-tailed Porcupine "Atherurus africanus" LC
***Genus: Hystrix
**** Crested Porcupine "Hystrix cristata" LC
**Family: Thryonomyidae (cane rats)
***Genus: Thryonomys
**** Lesser Cane Rat "Thryonomys gregorianus" LC
**** Greater Cane Rat "Thryonomys swinderianus" LC
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Xerinae
****Tribe: Xerini
*****Genus: Xerus
****** Striped ground squirrel "Xerus erythropus" LC
****** Unstriped Ground Squirrel "Xerus rutilus" LC
****Tribe: Protoxerini
*****Genus: Heliosciurus
****** Gambian Sun Squirrel "Heliosciurus gambianus" LC
*****Genus: Paraxerus
****** Boehm's Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus boehmi" LC
****** Ochre Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus ochraceus" LC
**Family: Gliridae (dormice)
***Subfamily: Graphiurinae
****Genus: Graphiurus
***** Small-eared Dormouse "Graphiurus microtis" LC
**Family: Dipodidae (jerboas)
***Subfamily: Dipodinae
****Genus: Jaculus
***** Lesser Egyptian Jerboa "Jaculus jaculus" LC
**Family: Nesomyidae
***Subfamily: Dendromurinae
****Genus: Steatomys
***** Tiny Fat Mouse "Steatomys parvus" LC
***Subfamily: Cricetomyinae
****Genus: Cricetomys
***** Gambian Pouch Rat "Cricetomys gambianus" LC
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Lophiomyinae
****Genus: Lophiomys
***** Maned Rat "Lophiomys imhausi" LC
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Deomyinae
****Genus: Acomys
***** Cairo Spiny Mouse "Acomys cahirinus" LC
***** Gray Spiny Mouse "Acomys cineraceus" LC
***** Percival's Spiny Mouse "Acomys percivali" LC
***** Wilson's Spiny Mouse "Acomys wilsoni" LC
****Genus: Lophuromys
***** Yellow-spotted Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys flavopunctatus" LC
***Subfamily: Otomyinae
****Genus: Otomys
***** Tropical Vlei Rat "Otomys tropicalis" LC
***Subfamily: Gerbillinae
****Genus: Desmodilliscus
***** Pouched Gerbil "Desmodilliscus braueri" LC
****Genus: Dipodillus
***** North African Gerbil "Dipodillus campestris" LC
****Genus: Gerbillus
***** Agag Gerbil "Gerbillus agag" DD
***** Botta's Gerbil "Gerbillus bottai" DD
***** Burton's Gerbil "Gerbillus burtoni" DD
***** "Gerbillus dongolanus" DD
***** "Gerbillus gerbillus" LC
***** Pygmy Gerbil "Gerbillus henleyi" LC
***** "Gerbillus lowei" DD
***** Mackillingin's Gerbil "Gerbillus mackillingini" LC
***** "Gerbillus muriculus" LC
***** Sudan Gerbil "Gerbillus nancillus" DD
***** "Gerbillus principulus" DD
***** Least Gerbil "Gerbillus pusillus" LC
***** Greater Egyptian Gerbil "Gerbillus pyramidum" LC
***** Rosalinda Gerbil "Gerbillus rosalinda" DD
***** Khartoum Gerbil "Gerbillus stigmonyx" DD
***** Waters's Gerbil "Gerbillus watersi" LC
****Genus: Meriones
***** Sundevall's Jird "Meriones crassus" LC
****Genus: Psammomys
***** Sand Rat "Psammomys obesus" LC
****Genus: Sekeetamys
***** Bushy-tailed Jird "Sekeetamys calurus" LC
****Genus: Tatera
***** Kemp's Gerbil "Tatera kempi" LC
***** Fring-tailed Gerbil "Tatera robusta" LC
***** Savanna Gerbil "Tatera valida" LC
****Genus: Taterillus
***** Congo Tateril "Taterillus congicus" LC
***** Emin's Tateril "Taterillus emini" LC
***** Harrington's Tateril "Taterillus harringtoni" LC
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: Aethomys
***** Hinde's Rock Rat "Aethomys hindei" LC
****Genus: Arvicanthis
***** African Grass Rat "Arvicanthis niloticus" LC
****Genus: Colomys
***** African Water Rat "Colomys goslingi" LC
****Genus: Dasymys
***** Common Dasymys "Dasymys incomtus" LC
****Genus: Grammomys
***** Arid Thicket Rat "Grammomys aridulus" NT
***** Woodland Thicket Rat "Grammomys dolichurus" LC
***** Ruwenzori Thicket Rat "Grammomys ibeanus" LC
***** Macmillan's Thicket Rat "Grammomys macmillani" LC
****Genus: Hylomyscus
***** Stella Wood Mouse "Hylomyscus stella" LC
****Genus: Lemniscomys
***** Hoogstral's Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys hoogstraali" DD
***** Buffoon Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys macculus" LC
***** Typical Striped Grass Mouse "Lemniscomys striatus" LC
***** Heuglin's Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys zebra" LC
****Genus: Malacomys
***** Big-eared Swamp Rat "Malacomys longipes" LC
****Genus: Mastomys
***** Guinea Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys erythroleucus" LC
***** Verhayen's Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys kollmannspergeri" LC
***** Natal Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys natalensis" LC
****Genus: Mus
***** African Pygmy Mouse "Mus minutoides" LC
***** Peter's Mouse "Mus setulosus" LC
***** Thomas's Pygmy Mouse "Mus sorella" LC
***** Delicate Mouse "Mus tenellus" LC
***** Gray-bellied Pygmy Mouse "Mus triton" LC
****Genus: Myomyscus
***** Brockman's Myomyscus "Myomyscus brockmani" LC
****Genus: Oenomys
***** Rufous-nosed Rats "Oenomys hypoxanthus" LC
****Genus: Praomys
***** Dalton's Praomys "Praomys daltoni" LC
***** Jackson's Soft-furred Mouse "Praomys jacksoni" LC
****Genus: Zelotomys
***** Hildegarde's Zelotomys "Zelotomys hildegardeae" LC

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

----

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Poelagus
*** Bunyoro Rabbit "Poelagus marjorita" LR/lc
**Genus: Lepus
*** Cape Hare "Lepus capensis" LR/lc
*** African Savanna Hare "Lepus microtis" LR/lc

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)

----

The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

*Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
**Subfamily: Erinaceinae
***Genus: Atelerix
**** Four-toed Hedgehog "Atelerix albiventris" LR/lc
***Genus: Hemiechinus
**** Desert Hedgehog "Hemiechinus aethiopicus" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mmmals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: Crocidura
**** Fox's Shrew "Crocidura foxi" LC
**** Savanna Shrew "Crocidura fulvastra" LC
**** Tiny Musk Shrew "Crocidura fuscomurina" LC
**** Jackson's Shrew "Crocidura jacksoni" LC
**** Montane White-toothed Shrew "Crocidura montis" LC
**** Tenebrous Shrew "Crocidura nigrofusca" LC
**** Olivier's Shrew "Crocidura olivieri" LC
**** Small-footed Shrew "Crocidura parvipes" LC
**** Pasha Shrew "Crocidura pasha" LC
**** Flat-headed Shrew "Crocidura planiceps" DD
**** Somali Shrew "Crocidura somalica" LC
**** Tumultuous Shrew "Crocidura turba" LC
**** Savanna Path Shrew "Crocidura viaria" LC
**** Voi Shrew "Crocidura voi" LC
**** Yankari Shrew "Crocidura yankariensis" LC
***Genus: Sylvisorex
**** Climbing Shrew "Sylvisorex megalura" LC

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
**Subfamily: Pteropodinae
***Genus: Eidolon
**** Straw-coloured Fruit Bat "Eidolon helvum" LC
***Genus: Epomophorus
**** Gambian Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus gambianus" LC
**** Ethiopian Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus labiatus" LC
***Genus: Epomops
**** Franquet's Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomops franqueti" LC
***Genus: Hypsignathus
**** Hammer-headed bat "Hypsignathus monstrosus" LC
***Genus: Lissonycteris
**** Angolan Rousette "Lissonycteris angolensis" LC
***Genus: Micropteropus
**** Peter's Dwarf Epauletted Fruit Bat "Micropteropus pusillus" LC
***Genus: Myonycteris
**** Little Collared Fruit Bat "Myonycteris torquata" LC
***Genus: Rousettus
**** Egyptian fruit bat "Rousettus aegyptiacus" LC
**** Long-haired Rousette "Rousettus lanosus" LC
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Rufous Mouse-eared Bat "Myotis bocagii" LC
**** Welwitch's Bat "Myotis welwitschii" LC
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Eptesicus
**** Botta's Serotine "Eptesicus bottae" LC
**** Horn-skinned Bat "Eptesicus floweri" VU
***Genus: Glauconycteris
**** Butterfly Bat "Glauconycteris variegata" LC
***Genus: Hypsugo
**** Desert Pipistrelle "Hypsugo ariel" DD
**** Broad-headed Pipistrelle "Hypsugo crassulus" LC
***Genus: Mimetillus
**** Moloney's Flat-headed Bat "Mimetillus moloneyi" LC
***Genus: Neoromicia
**** Cape Serotine "Neoromicia capensis" LC
**** Tiny Serotine "Neoromicia guineensis" LC
**** Banana Pipistrelle "Neoromicia nanus" LC
**** Rendall's Serotine "Neoromicia rendalli" LC
**** Somali Serotine "Neoromicia somalicus" LC
**** nopage "Neoromicia zuluensis" LC
***Genus: Nycticeinops
**** Schlieffen's Twilight Bat "Nycticeinops schlieffeni" LC
***Genus: Otonycteris
**** Desert Long-eared Bat "Otonycteris hemprichii" LR/lc
***Genus: Pipistrellus
**** Egyptian Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus deserti" LC
**** Aellen's Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus inexspectatus" DD
**** RÜppel's Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus rueppelli" LC
**** Rusty Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus rusticus" LC
***Genus: Plecotus
**** nopage "Plecotus christiei" DD
***Genus: Scotoecus
**** Light-winged Lesser House Bat "Scotoecus albofuscus" DD
**** Hinde's Lesser House Bat "Scotoecus hindei" DD
**** Dark-winged Lesser House Bat "Scotoecus hirundo" DD
***Genus: Scotophilus
**** African Yellow Bat "Scotophilus dinganii" LC
**** White-bellied Yellow Bat "Scotophilus leucogaster" LC
**** Schreber's Yellow Bat "Scotophilus nigrita" NT
**** Greenish Yellow Bat "Scotophilus viridis" LC
**Subfamily: Miniopterinae
***Genus: Miniopterus
**** Natal Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus natalensis" NT
*Family: Rhinopomatidae
**Genus: Rhinopoma
*** Lesser Mouse-tailed Bat "Rhinopoma hardwickei" LC
*** Greater Mouse-tailed Bat "Rhinopoma microphyllum" LC
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Chaerephon
*** Duke Of Abruzzi's Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon aloysiisabaudiae" NT
*** Ansorge's Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon ansorgei" LC
*** Gland-tailed Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon bemmeleni" LC
*** Spotted Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon bivittata" LC
*** Lappet-eared Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon major" LC
*** Nigerian Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon nigeriae" LC
*** Little Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon pumila" LC
**Genus: Mops
*** Angolan Free-tailed Bat "Mops condylurus" LC
*** Mongalla Free-tailed Bat "Mops demonstrator" NT
*** Midas Free-tailed Bat "Mops midas" LC
*** Dwarf Free-tailed Bat "Mops nanulus" LC
*** Trevor's Free-tailed Bat "Mops trevori" VU
**Genus: Platymops
*** Peters's Flat-headed Bat "Platymops setiger" DD
**Genus: Tadarida
*** Egyptian Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida aegyptiaca" LC
*** African Giant Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida ventralis" NT
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Coleura
*** African Sheath-tailed Bat "Coleura afra" LC
**Genus: Taphozous
*** Hamilton's Tomb Bat "Taphozous hamiltoni" NT
*** Mauritian Tomb Bat "Taphozous mauritianus" LC
*** Naked-rumped Tomb Bat "Taphozous nudiventris" LC
*** Egyptian Tomb Bat "Taphozous perforatus" LC
*Family: Nycteridae
**Genus: Nycteris
*** Bate's Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris arge" LC
*** "Nycteris aurita" DD
*** Large Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris grandis" LC
*** Hairy Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris hispida" LC
*** Large-Eared Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris macrotis" LC
*** Dwarf Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris nana" LC
*** Egyptian Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris thebaica" LC
*Family: Megadermatidae
**Genus: Cardioderma
*** Heart-nosed Bat "Cardioderma cor" LC
**Genus: Lavia
*** Yellow-winged bat "Lavia frons" LC
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: Rhinolophus
**** Halcyon Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus alcyone" LC
**** Geoffroy's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus clivosus" LC
**** Eloquent Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus eloquens" DD
**** RÜppell's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus fumigatus" LC
**** Hildebrandt's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus hildebrandti" LC
**** Lesser horseshoe bat "Rhinolophus hipposideros" LC
**** Lander's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus landeri" LC
**** Bushveld Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus simulator" LC
**Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
***Genus: Asellia
**** Trident Leaf-nosed Bat "Asellia tridens" LC
***Genus: Hipposideros
**** Aba Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros abae" NT
**** Benito Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros beatus" LC
**** Sundevall's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros caffer" LC
**** Cyclops Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros cyclops" LC
**** Noack's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros ruber" LC

Order: Pholidota (pangolins)

----The order Philodota comprises the eight species of pangolin. Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species.

*Family: Manidae
**Genus: Manis
*** Giant Pangolin "Manis gigantea" LR/lc
*** Ground Pangolin "Manis temminckii" LR/nt
*** Long-tailed Pangolin "Manis tetradactyla" LR/lc
*** Tree Pangolin "Manis tricuspis" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

----The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Sousa
***** "Sousa chinensis" DD
****Genus: Stenella
***** Spinner Dolphin "Stenella longirostris" LR/cd

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Acinonyx
***** Cheetah "Acinonyx jubatus" VU
****Genus: Caracal
***** Caracal "Caracal caracal" LC
****Genus: Felis
***** Sand Cat "Felis margarita" NT
***** Wildcat "Felis silvestris" LC
****Genus: Leptailurus
***** Serval "Leptailurus serval" LC
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Lion "Panthera leo" VU
***** Leopard "Panthera pardus" LC
**Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
***Subfamily: Viverrinae
****Genus: Civettictis
***** African Civet "Civettictis civetta" LR/lc
****Genus: Genetta
***** Abyssinian Genet "Genetta abyssinica" DD
***** Common Genet "Genetta genetta" LR/lc
***** Rusty-spotted Genet "Genetta maculata" LR/lc
**Family: Nandiniidae
***Genus: Nandinia
**** African Palm Civet "Nandinia binotata" LR/lc
**Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
***Genus: Atilax
**** Marsh Mongoose "Atilax paludinosus" LR/lc
***Genus: Dologale
**** Pousargues's Mongoose "Dologale dybowskii" LR/lc
***Genus: Galerella
**** Slender Mongoose "Galerella sanguinea" LR/lc
***Genus: Helogale
**** Common Dwarf Mongoose "Helogale parvula" LR/lc
***Genus: Herpestes
**** Egyptian Mongoose "Herpestes ichneumon" LR/lc
***Genus: Ichneumia
**** White-tailed Mongoose "Ichneumia albicauda" LR/lc
***Genus: Mungos
**** Banded Mongoose "Mungos mungo" LR/lc
**Family: Hyaenidae (hyaenas)
***Genus: Crocuta
**** Spotted Hyena "Crocuta crocuta" LR/cd
***Genus: Hyaena
**** Striped Hyena "Hyaena hyaena" LR/nt
***Genus: Proteles
**** Aardwolf "Proteles cristatus" LR/lc
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Vulpes
**** Pale Fox "Vulpes pallida" DD
**** Rueppell's Fox "Vulpes rueppelli" DD
**** Fennec "Vulpes zerda" DD
***Genus: Canis
**** Side-striped Jackal "Canis adustus" LC
**** Golden Jackal "Canis aureus" LC
**** Black-backed Jackal "Canis mesomelas" LC
***Genus: Otocyon
**** Bat-eared Fox "Otocyon megalotis" LC
***Genus: Lycaon
**** African Wild Dog "Lycaon pictus" EN
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Ictonyx
**** Saharan Striped Polecat "Ictonyx libyca" LR/lc
**** Striped Polecat "Ictonyx striatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Mellivora
**** Ratel "Mellivora capensis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lutra
**** Speckle-throated Otter "Lutra maculicollis" LC
***Genus: Aonyx
**** African Clawless Otter "Aonyx capensis" LC

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Equidae (horses etc.)
**Genus: Equus
*** African Wild Ass "Equus africanus" CR
*** Burchell's Zebra "Equus burchellii" LC
*** Grevy's Zebra "Equus grevyi" EN

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Phacochoerinae
***Genus: Phacochoerus
**** Warthog "Phacochoerus africanus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: Hylochoerus
**** Giant forest hog "Hylochoerus meinertzhageni" LR/lc
***Genus: Potamochoerus
**** Bushpig "Potamochoerus larvatus" LR/lc
*Family: Hippopotamidae (hippopotamuses)
**Genus: Hippopotamus
*** Hippopotamus "Hippopotamus amphibius" VU
*Family: Giraffidae (giraffe, okapi)
**Genus: Giraffa
*** Giraffe "Giraffa camelopardalis" LR/cd
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Alcelaphinae
***Genus: Alcelaphus
**** Hartebeest "Alcelaphus buselaphus" LR/cd
***Genus: Damaliscus
**** Topi "Damaliscus lunatus" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Antilopinae
***Genus: Gazella
**** Dama Gazelle "Gazella dama" CR
**** Dorcas Gazelle "Gazella dorcas" VU
**** Grant's Gazelle "Gazella granti" LR/cd
**** Rhim Gazelle "Gazella leptoceros" EN
**** Red-fronted Gazelle "Gazella rufifrons" VU
**** Soemmerring's Gazelle "Gazella soemmerringii" VU
**** Thomson's Gazelle "Gazella thomsonii" LR/cd
***Genus: Madoqua
**** Guenther's Dikdik "Madoqua guentheri" LR/lc
**** Salt's Dik-dik "Madoqua saltiana" LR/lc
***Genus: Oreotragus
**** Klipspringer "Oreotragus oreotragus" LR/cd
***Genus: Ourebia
**** Oribi "Ourebia ourebi" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Bovinae
***Genus: Syncerus
**** African Buffalo "Syncerus caffer" LR/cd
***Genus: Tragelaphus
**** Giant Eland "Tragelaphus derbianus" LR/nt
**** Bongo (antelope) "Tragelaphus eurycerus" LR/nt
**** Lesser Kudu "Tragelaphus imberbis" LR/cd
**** Common Eland "Tragelaphus oryx" LR/cd
**** Bushbuck "Tragelaphus scriptus" LR/lc
**** Sitatunga "Tragelaphus spekii" LR/nt
**** Greater Kudu "Tragelaphus strepsiceros" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Caprinae
***Genus: Ammotragus
**** Barbary Sheep "Ammotragus lervia" VU
***Genus: Capra
**** Nubian Ibex "Capra nubiana" EN
**Subfamily: Cephalophinae
***Genus: Cephalophus
**** Peters's Duiker "Cephalophus callipygus" LR/nt
**** Blue Duiker "Cephalophus monticola" LR/lc
**** Red-flanked Duiker "Cephalophus rufilatus" LR/cd
**** Yellow-backed Duiker "Cephalophus silvicultor" LR/nt
**** Weyns's Duiker "Cephalophus weynsi" LR/nt
***Genus: Sylvicapra
**** Common Duiker "Sylvicapra grimmia" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Hippotraginae
***Genus: Addax
**** Addax "Addax nasomaculatus" CR
***Genus: Oryx
**** Scimitar Oryx "Oryx dammah" EW
**** Gemsbok "Oryx gazella" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Reduncinae
***Genus: Kobus
**** Waterbuck "Kobus ellipsiprymnus" LR/cd
**** Kob "Kobus kob" LR/cd
**** Nile Lechwe "Kobus megaceros" LR/nt
***Genus: Redunca
**** Mountain Reedbuck "Redunca fulvorufula" LC
**** Bohor Reedbuck "Redunca redunca" LR/cd

Birds

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=SD&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Sudan
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007


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