SignSymptom infobox
Name = Rectal tenesmus
ICD10 = R19.8
ICD9 = ICD9|787.99

Tenesmus is a feeling of incomplete defecation. It is experienced as an inability or difficulty to empty the bowel at defecation. It is frequently painful and may be accompanied by involuntary straining and other gastrointestinal symptoms.

Vesical tenesmus is a similar condition, referring to difficult or failed attempts to urinate despite the bladder feeling full.

Rectal tenesmus is sometimes used as a retronym to further distinguish defecation-related tenesmus from vesical tenesmus. [cite web | title = "Wrong Diagnosis" | url = http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/sym/rectal_tenesmus.htm
accessdate = 2007-07-09


Tenesmus is characterized by a sensation of needing to pass stool, accompanied by pain, cramping, and straining. Despite straining, little stool is passed. Tenesmus is generally associated with inflammatory diseases of the bowel, which may be caused by either infectious or noninfectious conditions. Conditions associated with tenesmus include:

* Irritable bowel syndrome
* Inflammatory bowel disease
* Coeliac disease
* Prolapsed hemorrhoid
* Radiation proctitis
* Rectal Gonorrhoea
* Rectal Lymphogranuloma venereum
* Shigellosis
* Ulcerative colitis
* Colorectal cancer
* Rectal Lower GI parasitic infection, particularly "Trichuris Trichiura" aka whipworm

ee also

* Encopresis
* Constipation
* Fecal incontinence

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tenesmus — Te*nes mus, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to stretch: cf. L. tenesmos.] (Med.) An urgent and distressing sensation, as if a discharge from the intestines must take place, although none can be effected; always referred to the lower extremity of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tenesmus — Tenesmus, so v.w. Stuhlzwang; T. musculorum (Anxietas extremitatum), eigenthümliche Empfindung in den Muskeln, mit leichter Angst verbunden, nöthigt dann zu halbunwillkürlichen Bewegungen od. zu unaufhörlichen Veränderungen der Lage u. Stellung;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tenésmus — (griech.), s. Stuhlzwang; T. vesicae, Harnzwang (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tenésmus — (grch.), Krampf in den Schließmuskeln des Darmkanals (Stuhlzwang) und der Harnblase (Harnzwang, Harnstrenge, s.d.), der die Ausleerung des Inhalts hindert …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tenesmus — Tenesmus, griech. deutsch, Stuhlzwang, heißt in der Heilkunde ein häufiger und heftiger Trieb zum Stuhlgang mit spannendem, pressendem Gefühl im Mastdarm, ohne daß wirklich Stuhlgang erfolgt, höchstens etwas Schleim oder Blut, so bei Ruhr,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • tenesmus — 1520s, from L. tenesmos, from Gk. tenesmos “straining,” from teinein “to stretch” (see TENET (Cf. tenet)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • tenesmus — [ti nez′məs, tines′məs] n. [ML < L tenesmos < Gr teinesmos < teinein, to stretch: see THIN] Med. a feeling of urgent need to defecate or urinate, with a straining but unsuccessful effort to do so …   English World dictionary

  • Tenesmus — Unter dem Begriff Tenesmus (Plural: Tenesmen) versteht man schmerzhaften Stuhldrang (Tenesmus ani, Tenesmus alvi, Stuhlzwang) schmerzhaften Harndrang (Tenesmus vesicae) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tenesmus — Straining, especially long continued, ineffectual and painful straining, at stool or in urination. Straining at stool is called rectal tenesmus; straining at urination is called vesical tenesmus. * * * A painful spasm of the urogenital diaphragm… …   Medical dictionary

  • Tenesmus — Te|nes|mus der; <aus nlat. tenesmus, dies nach gr. teinesmós »gespannter, harter Leib, Hartleibigkeit«> andauernder schmerzhafter Stuhl od. Harndrang (Med.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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