- Madagascar Serpent-eagle
name = Madagascar Serpent-eagle
status = EN | status_system = IUCN3.1
genus = "Eutriorchis"
species = "E. astur"
binomial = "Eutriorchis astur"
binomial_authority = (Sharpe, 1875)
The Madagascar Serpent-eagle, Serpentaire de Madagascar, or Culebrera Azor ("Eutriorchis astur") is a species of
bird of preyin the Accipitridaefamily. It is monotypicwithin the genus "Eutriorchis".It is endemic to Madagascar. [BirdLife International 2004. [http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/8429/all Eutriorchis astur] . [http://www.iucnredlist.org 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ] Downloaded on 24 July 2007.]
habitatis subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.It is threatened by habitat loss.
The Madagascar Serpent-eagle is a medium-sized raptor with a long rounded tail and short rounded wings.cite encyclopedia| title =Madagascar Serpent Eagle | encyclopedia =The Official World Wildlife Fund Guide to Extinct Species of Modern Times| volume =1| pages =13-14| publisher =Beacham Publishing | date =1997] It is dark grey on its back and a lighter grey on its belly, breast, and throat. Dark barring covers the bird's body. It has yellow eyes and a sharp, hooked beak with strong talons.
Distribution and habitat
Ecology and behavior
This species was believed to be extinct, with the last confirmed sighting being from 1950. However, sightings in 1977 and 1988 led to hope for the species' rediscovery. It was rediscovered in 1993 by the
The prefix "eu-" is Greek for "good". "Triorchis" is a
Latinization ( Pliny the Elder) of Greek "triorkhis" (τριορχης), which Aristotleand Theophrastusused for a kind of hawk, possibly the Common Buzzard. The Greek word means "having three testicles". [citation | last1 = Liddell | first1 = Henry George | last2 = Scott | first2 = Robert | authorlink1 = Henry Liddell | authorlink2 = Robert Scott (philologist) | year = 1940 | title = A Greek-English Lexicon | url = http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%23105095 | accessdate = 2007-11-15] [ Pliny the Elder, [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/L/Roman/Texts/Pliny_the_Elder/10*.html "Historia Naturalis", Book 10] , Chapters 9, 95, 96. [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0137&query=head%3D%23516 English translation] from the Perseus Digital Library. Both retrieved on Nov. 16, 2007.] This erroneous bit of anatomy has been connected with the ease of mistaking a bird's adrenal glandfor a testicle. [citation | last1 = Fisher | first1 = Peter | last2 = Higgins | first2 = Humphrey (translators) | year = 1998 | title = Olaus Magnus: A Description of the Northern Peoples, 1555 | publisher = Hakluyt Society | pages = 1011n| isbn 090418059X | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=iMQMAAAAYAAJ&pgis=1 | accessdate = 2007-11-15. See Olaus Magnusand " Historia de Gentibus Septentrionalibus"]
* [http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/ebas/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=3398&m=0 BirdLife Species Factsheet.]
* [http://www.peregrinefund.org/archived_conserve.asp?mode=view&ConserveID=52&category=Madagascar%20Project&conserveid1=68 Picture of captive bird]
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