- Guiomar Novaes
Guiomar Novaes [According to the current orthographic rules of the Portuguese language, the pianist's family name must be spelled "Novais". ("Dicionário Onomástico Etimológico da Língua Portuguesa", José Pedro Machado, Lisboa, 2003.)] (
February 28, 1895– March 7, 1979) was a Brazilian pianist noted for individuality of tone and phrasing, singing line, and a subtle and nuanced approach to her interpretations. She was one of the greatest pianists of the twentieth century.
São João da Boa Vista(in the area of São Paulostate in Brazil) as one of the youngest children in a very large family, she studied with Antonietta Rudge Miller and Luigi Chiafarelli before she was accepted as a pupil of Isidor Philippat the Conservatoire de Parisin 1909,Methuen-Campbell, "New Grove", 18.208.] That year there were two vacancies for foreign students at the Conservatoire—and 387 applicants. Novaes played for a jury that included Debussy, Faure and Moszkowski. Her pieces were the Paganini-Liszt Etude in E, Chopin's A flat Ballade and Schumann's "Carnaval". She won first place. Debussy wrote a letter afterwards in which he reports his amazement about the little Brazilian girl who came to the platform and, forgetting about public and jury, played with tremendous beauty and complete absorbtion.Schonberg, 408.]
Novaes' technique and musical interpretations may have already been fully formed by the time she reached Paris. One of her first pieces for Philipp was Beethoven's "Les Adiex" Sonata. Philipp said she played the second movement much too fast and to repeat it slower. Novaes thought for a moment, then replayed with some differences in detail but at exactly the same tempo. This happened several times. Philipp finally gave up, saying later, "Even at that age, she had a mind of her own."Schonberg, 408.]
By the end of 1910, Novaes was a concert veteran. She made her official debut with the Chatelet Orchestra under
Gabriel Pierné. She also played under Sir Henry Wood in England and on tour in Italy, Switzerlandand Germany. Returning to Brazil at the start of World War I, she made her U.S. debut in Aeolian Hallin 1915. She was still only 19. Richard Aldrichat the " New York Times" dubbed her "a musician by the grace of God." Pitts Sanborn in the " Boston Globe" called her "the young genius of the piano."Schonberg, 408.] Dubbed "the Paderewska of the Pampas,"Schonberg, 408.] she continued playing in the United States frequently, mostly in New York City. In 1922 she married Octavio Pinto, a civil engineer who was also a pianist and composer. She continued her career into the 1970s; her final concert appearance in New York was at Hunter Collegein 1972.Methuen-Campbell, "New Grove", 18.208.] Novaes died in São Paulo, Brazil, in 1979.
Novaes commanded a very large repertoire in her early touring days, narrowing it in later life. Whatever she played, she played with an aristocratic approach, a perpetually singing line and complete spontaneity. Her natural approach to the keyboard was part of her appeal. Because of her relaxed, effortless nature at the keyboard, she was one of the few pianists about whom it seemed the instrument was a welded extension of her arms and fingers. The tone and subtlety of her tone recalled the great Romantic pianists of previous generations. Her technique was supple, with no striving for effect. [Schonberg, 408-409.]
At all times her playing was both intensely poetic and extremely feminine.
Harold C. Schonbergrecalls in his book "The Great Pianists" that her performance of the Schumann concerto under the direction of André Cluytensin the late 1950s "was strikingly reminiscent of Josef Hofmann's [performances] . It had much the same suppleness, tonal subtlety and unswerving rhythm."Schonberg, 409.] Like Hofmann, she never played a piece quite the same way twice. Each time she brought to it a slightly different point of view; each time, the new approach seemed inevitable and perfectly natural.Schonberg, 409.]
Novaes was renowned for her interpretations of Chopin, Schumann and to a lesser extent Debussy, full of nuances and insights. She left a variety of rare recordings, including a recording of
Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 4, with Otto Klempererand the Vienna Symphony Orchestra, which is highly rated by musicians and critics alike.Methuen-Campbell, "New Grove", 18.208.] Novaes made a number of discs for RCAin the 1920s, as well as piano rolls, but was most extensively recorded by Vox in the 1950s.Methuen-Campbell, "New Grove", 18.208.] Her Chopin recordings include a Voxbox Legends 3-CD set, ref. CDX3 3501. This remarkable set contains several etudes, nocturnes, and the B-flat minor piano sonata ("Funeral March").
* Methuen-Campbell, James, ed. Stankey Sadie, "The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Second Edition", 20 vols. (London: MacMillian, 2001). ISBN 1-56159-239-0.
* Schonberg, Harold C., "The Great Pianists" (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1987, 1963). ISBN 0-671-64200-6.
* [http://jn2.sapo.pt/seccoes/mensagem.asp?86482 Guiomar Novaes]
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