Back to the Future trilogy

Back to the Future trilogy

Infobox Film
name = Back to the Future trilogy

image_size =
caption = Back to the Future trilogy DVD box set
director = Robert Zemeckis
writer = Bob Gale
Robert Zemeckis
starring = Michael J. Fox
Christopher Lloyd
Thomas F. Wilson
Lea Thompson
James Tolkan
Claudia Wells (Part 1)
Elisabeth Shue (Parts 2 & 3)
Crispin Glover (Part 1)
Jeffrey Weissman (Parts 2 & 3)
Mary Steenburgen (Part 3)
distributor = Universal Pictures
released = 1985-1990
runtime = 337 minutes
country = USA
language = English
budget =
gross = $957 million
imdb_id = 88763

The "Back to the Future" trilogy is a comedic science fiction film trilogy written by Bob Gale and Robert Zemeckis, directed by Zemeckis, and distributed by Universal Pictures. The plot follows the adventures of high-school student Marty McFly (Michael J. Fox) and scientist Dr. Emmett Brown (Christopher Lloyd) as they use a modified De Lorean automobile to time travel to different periods in the history of Hill Valley, California.

The first film was the highest grossing film of 1985 and became an international phenomenon, leading to two sequels which were filmed back-to-back and released in 1989 and 1990 respectively. The trilogy is widely noted for its irreverent comedy, eccentric characters and ability to incorporate complex theories of time-travel without confusing the audience.Fact|date=January 2008 Though the two sequels did not perform quite as well at the box office as the first film, the trilogy remains immensely popular after 20 years and has yielded such spin-offs as an and a at the Universal Studios theme parks in Orlando, Florida (now closed); Universal City, California (now closed), and Osaka, Japan.

Main cast

* Michael J. Fox as Marty McFly, Marty McFly, Jr. (son of Marty), Marlene McFly (daughter of Marty), and Seamus McFly (great-great-grandfather of Marty).
* Christopher Lloyd as Dr. Emmett Brown
* Thomas F. Wilson as Biff Tannen, Griff Tannen (grandson of Biff) and Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen (great-grandfather of Biff)
* Lea Thompson as Lorraine Baines (McFly/Tannen) and Maggie McFly (Seamus' wife, Marty's great-great-grandmother)
* James Tolkan as Mr. Strickland and Chief Marshal James Strickland (grandfather)
* Claudia Wells and Elisabeth Shue as Jennifer Parker (McFly)
* Crispin Glover and Jeffrey Weissman as George McFly
* Mary Steenburgen as Clara Clayton


A hallmark of the "Back to the Future" trilogy and a contributor to its popularity is its use of commonalities: running gags, similar events, catch phrases, and parallel situations that recur in the different time frames from film to film.

Back to the Future

17-year-old Marty McFly is accidentally sent back in time to 1955 in a time machine built from a DeLorean by eccentric scientist Emmett L. Brown, also known as "Doc". Upon arriving in 1955, Marty inadvertently causes his mother (Lorraine McFly) to fall in love with him, rather than with his father (George McFly). This begins to cause what Doc Brown later describes as a paradox that would cause Marty to disappear from existence. To make matters worse, Marty did not bring back any extra plutonium to power the time machine, so he must find the 1955 version of Doc Brown to help him reunite his parents and return to 1985. Biff Tannen, the antagonist, causes difficulty in the conflict resolution. Marty successfully causes his parents to fall in love and simultaneously ruins the future of Biff Tannen, who in the end is an auto detailer instead of George McFly's co-worker. Marty learns in the end that his familial situation has improved because of the way his parents' relationship was changed by his intervention in the past. Doc Brown and the De Lorean appear and Doc tells Marty that he has returned from the future, and that Marty must come back to the future with him.

Back to the Future Part II

Doc Brown travels with Marty to the year 2015 where he has discovered Marty's family is in ruins. Marty buys a sports almanac containing the outcomes of 50 years worth (1950–2000) of sporting events. However, Doc catches him and throws the almanac in the trash, where the aged Biff Tannen finds it. While Marty and Doc are at Marty's future house, Biff steals the De Lorean time machine and gives the book to himself at right before he goes to the dance at the end of the first movie. When Doc and Marty return to 1985, they find that Biff has used the almanac's knowledge for financial gain, which allows him to turn Courthouse Square into a 27 story casino, "own" Hill Valley, get away with the murder of Marty's father, and later marry Marty's mother. Marty learns that Biff was given the book by an old man in 1955, so he and Doc go back to that date in order to steal the almanac from Biff before he can use it to destroy their lives. They accomplish this in a complex fashion, often crossing their own past-selves' paths. When the duo are about to travel back to 1985, a lightning bolt strikes the De Lorean and scrambles the time circuits, sending Doc back to 1885 and leaving Marty stranded in 1955.

Back to the Future Part III

After finding out that Doc Brown is trapped in 1885, Marty sets out to find the 1955 Doc to help him fix the DeLorean (which has been waiting for him in a mineshaft for 70 years) and restore it to working order. Learning that Doc gets shot in 1885, Marty travels back in time to save Doc (who becomes a blacksmith) and bring him back to the future. Unfortunately, Marty rips a hole in the fuel line, rendering the DeLorean immobile. Furthermore, Doc falls in love with schoolteacher Clara Clayton, and considers staying in 1885. Marty must convince Doc to come back with him and find a way to get back to his time before it's too late. After several dramatic action scenes involving a speeding locomotive, Marty returns to 1985 in the restored De Lorean. It appears on a train track as planned, and Marty jumps out just in time to see the DeLorean time machine destroyed by a modern train. He worries that Doc has been lost in the past forever, when suddenly Doc Brown appears in a new time machine, modeled after a locomotive. He introduces Marty to Clara (to whom he is now married) and his two sons, Jules and Verne. When Marty asks if Doc and his family are going to the future, Doc replies that he's already been to the future. The locomotive flies across the sky and disappears, and the trilogy ends.

Critical reception

The footage that was shot with Eric Stoltz in the role of Marty McFly before he was replaced with Michael J. Fox has never been officially released. This footage was not included in Universal's original DVD release in 2002 or in 2005, despite many fans hoping that Universal would include it.

Promotional posters

All three posters were created by noted poster artist Drew Struzan, although the original concept poster of Marty looking at his watch by the car was by Wayne Coe. Each poster features a variation on the same pose, and has the same number of characters present as each movie is numbered.

* For "Part I", Marty is dressed in his 1985 clothes standing beside the original De Lorean time machine, raising his sunglasses and looking at his wristwatch.
* For "Part II", Marty and Doc are dressed in 2015 clothes beside a hovering De Lorean, raising their sunglasses and looking at their wristwatches.
* For "Part III", Marty, Doc and Clara are dressed in 1885 clothes beside a De Lorean on rails, holding the brims of their hats and looking at pocket watches.

A modified version of the "Part I" artwork, which added Doc Brown to the original image, was used on the cover of the trilogy's DVD release.


*Various video games based on the Back to the Future movies have been released over the years for home video game systems, including the Commodore 64 computer, the Sega Master System, the Sega Genesis/Megadrive, NES, and Super Nintendo system.
*LJN also released "Back to the Future Part II & III" for the NES in 1990, which unlike the previous game, was a side scrolling platform game that allowed travelling back and forth between the different time periods from the trilogy as Marty attempts to correct the timeline and get back to the real 1985.
* A Japanese-only release for the SNES was made based on Back to the Future II. The game was a side-scroller that allowed the player to control Marty on the hoverboard while he battled enemies.
* A 1990 pinball game designed by Joe Kaminkow and Ed Cebula and released by Data East Pinball based on the Back to the Future trilogy. This game features three songs that were featured in the movies: "Back in Time" and "Power of Love" (originally performed by Huey Lewis and the News), and Doubleback (originally performed by ZZ Top). [ IPDB listing for Back to the Future: The Pinball] .
* The GameCube game, "Universal Studios Theme Parks Adventure", featured the as a game. follows just like the ride. Your mission is to chase Biff in Hill Valley through time, future(2015), ice age, and prehistoric.

ee also

* De Lorean time machine
* De Lorean DMC-12
* Back to the Future
* Back to the Future Part II
* Back to the Future Part III
* Back to the Future The Ride


External links

* []
* [ Official Universal Pictures site advertising the trilogy.]
* [ BTTF Frequently Asked Questions] written by Bob Gale and Robert Zemeckis

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