Richard March Hoe

Richard March Hoe

Infobox Engineer

image_width = 150px
caption = PAGENAME
nationality = American
birth_date = birth date|1812|9|12|mf=y
birth_place = New York City
death_date = death date and age|1886|6|7|1812|9|12|mf=y
death_place = Florence, Italy
education =
spouse =
parents =
children =
discipline =
institutions =
practice_name =
significant_projects = printing press
significant_design =
significant_advance =
significant_awards =

Richard March Hoe (September 12, 1812 - June 7, 1886), was an American inventor who designed an improved printing press.

Hoe was born in New York City. His wife, Mary, and he lived on a vast 53 acre estate, called Brightside, in the Morrisania / Hunt's Point section of the Bronx. He was the son of Robert Hoe (1784-1833), an English-born American mechanic, who with his brothers-in-law, Peter and Matthew Smith, established in New York City a manufactory of printing presses, and used steam to run his machinery. His father owned a steam-powered manufactory of printing presses, which Richard joined at fifteen. On his father's death, he became head of the Robert Hoe & Company corporation.

In 1843, Richard invented the rotary printing press, a design much faster than the old flat-bed printing press. The design was patented in 1847 (Cite patent|US|5199), and first commercially installed in 1847. In its early days, it was also called the "Hoe web perfecting press," the "Hoe lightning press," and "Hoe's Cylindrical-Bed Press."Richard M. Hoe was a Freemason. He had considerable inventive genius and set himself to secure greater speed for printing presses. He discarded the old flat-bed model and placed the type on a revolving cylinder, a model later developed into the well-known Hoe rotary or lightning press, patented in 1847, and further improved under the name of the Hoe web perfecting press. In 1870 he developed a rotary press that printed both sides of a page in a single operation.

He died in Florence, Italy.

His nephew, Robert Hoe (1839-1909), wrote a notable "Short History of the Printing Press" in 1902 and made further improvements in printing.

The Hoe estate, Brightside, was sold in 1904 by his family to developers speculating on the subway extension into the Bronx. His mansion was located at present day Printers Park at the corner or Aldus Street and Hoe Avenue in the Bronx.



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  • Richard March Hoe — (* 12. September 1812 in New York; † 7. Juni 1886 in Florenz) war der US amerikanische Erfinder der Rotationsdruckmaschine. Leben Richard M. Hoe wurde in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hoe, Richard March — ▪ American inventor and manufacturer born Sept. 12, 1812, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 7, 1886, Florence, Italy  American inventor who developed and manufactured the first successful rotary (rotary press) printing press.       He was the son of …   Universalium

  • Hoe, Robert; and Hoe, Richard (March) — born Oct. 29, 1784, Hoes, Leicestershire, Eng. died Jan. 4, 1833, New York, N.Y., U.S. born Sept. 12, 1812, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 7, 1886, Florence, Italy Father and son, inventors. Robert immigrated to the U.S. in 1803. In New York City …   Universalium

  • Hoe, Robert y Hoe, Richard (March) — (29 oct. 1784, Hoes, Leicestershire, Inglaterra–4 ene. 1833, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.) (12 sep. 1812, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–7 jun. 1886, Florencia, Italia). Padre e hijo, ambos inventores. Robert emigró a EE.UU. en 1803. En la ciudad de Nueva… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hoe — oder Hoè ist der Name folgender Orte: Hoe (Norfolk), Dorf im District Breckland in Norfolk in England Hoè, Ortsteil der Gemeinde Santa Maria Hoè in der Provinz Lecco in der Region Lombardei in Italien Hoe ist der Familienname folgender Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • March — /mahrch/, n. the third month of the year, containing 31 days. Abbr.: Mar. [bef. 1050; ME March(e) < AF Marche; r. OE Martius < L, short for Martius mensis month of Mars (Marti , s. of Mars + us adj. suffix)] /mahrch/ for 1 3; /mahrddkh/ for 4, n …   Universalium

  • Hoe — I. biographical name Richard March 1812 1886 son of Robert American inventor II. biographical name Robert 1784 1833 American (English born) printing press manufacturer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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