- USS Plymouth (1844)
USS "Plymouth" (1844) was a
sloop-of-warconstructed and commissioned just prior to the Mexican-American War. She was heavily gunned, and traveled to Japan as part of Commodore Matthew Perry’s effort to force Japan to open her ports to international trade. She also served in European and Caribbeanwaters and, later in her career, she was used to train midshipmen.
"Plymouth" was the first ship of the
United States Navyto be named for Plymouth, Massachusetts, a town on Plymouth Bay, about 35 miles southeast of Boston, Massachusetts. Plymouth was founded by the Pilgrimsin 1620.
Built in Boston in 1844
Built by the
Boston Navy Yard, she departed Boston, Massachusetts, on 3 April 1844for the Mediterranean Sea, Commander Henry Henryin command.
After over a year in European waters, she sailed westward and arrived at
New York Cityon 4 October 1846.
Far East operations
Following service on the east coast, "Plymouth" departed
New York City, 13 February 1848, for the Far East, returning to Norfolk, Virginia, from the East Indieson 29 January 1851. On 23 August 1851she stood out from Hampton Roads, Virginia, bound once again for the Orient.
After duty on the
East Indies Station, she joined Commodore Matthew Perry's expedition to Japan, entering Tokyo Bayon 8 July 1853and departing on 17 July. She returned in February of the following year and before heading home put into Shanghaiwhere she sent a party ashore to support a coordinated British-American expedition against hostile forts in the area.
Training Navy midshipmen
Norfolk, Virginia, 11 January 1855, "Plymouth" began an extended tour in the Atlantic Ocean. Assigned as midshipmen training ship during the summers of 1855and 1856, she tested new ordnance under the command of Commander John A. Dahlgrenin 1858and resumed duties as a training shipfor midshipmen during the summers of 1859and 1860.
Scuttled during the American Civil War
"Plymouth" was at Norfolk, Virginia, for repairs during the secession crises in the winter of
1860– 1861. After Virginiaseceded from the Union, she was burned and scuttled there, 20 April 1861, to prevent her capture by the forces of the Confederate States of Americawhen the Norfolk Navy Yardfell into their hands.
Empire of Japan
American Civil War
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