- Sir George Bonham, 1st Baronet
name=Sir Samuel George Bonham, Bt
office=Governor of Hong Kong
term_start=21 March 1848
term_end=13 April 1854
John Francis Davis
London, England, UK
death_date=death date and age|1863|10|8|1803|9|7
Ellen Emelia Barnard
Samuel George Bonham was born on 7 September 1803. He was the son of Captain
George Bonham, of the maritime service of the East India Company. His mother, Isabella, was Captain Bonham's second wife.
Governor of Penang
Governor of Penangfrom 1837 to 1843.
Governor of Hong Kong
After a period of service with the East India Company, Bonham was appointed governor of
Straits Settlementsbetween 1837 and 1843. Years later, Bonham became Governor of Hong Kongand plenipotentiary and superintendent of trade in China from 21 March 1848 to April 1854.
During his tenure as Governor of Hong Kong, Bonham cut government spendings to balance the budget and also stimulated the Real Estate market in order to increase government income. His method of increasing government income eventually became the major source of income for the Hong Kong government a century later.
Bonham was also known for his calm demeanor and gentle nature. It was due to these qualities that Bonham gained the trust of the British Government and the good relationship of many Hong Kong people.
During his governorship, the pirates ruled the water. The Navy had a hard battle with
Cheung Po Tsaiand repulsed them.
In 1846, Bonham married Ellen Emelia Barnard. They had one son, George Francis Bonham (28 August 1847 – 31 July 1927). Bonham died on 8 October 1863, aged 60, of undisclosed causes.
* Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, 1850
The later Malay name for
Fort Canningin Singaporewas Bukit Tuan Bonham, named after him. Bonham Stin Raffles Place, in Singapore. Bonham Road, Bonham Strand, Bonham Strand West, and Bonham Road Public Elementary School on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kongwere all named after him.
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=FzPZcyAGzT0C&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=sir+george+bonham&source=web&ots=7FnlUFGckP&sig=C7-rEEhmz0IGX9aStcNRSXMhQpc#PPA30,M1 G.B. Endacott, 1962, A Biographical Sketch-book of Early Hong Kong , Hong Kong University Press]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.