Johann Baptist Chiari

Johann Baptist Chiari

Johann Baptist Chiari (June 15, 1817 - December 11, 1854) was an Austrian gynecologist and obstetrician who was a native of Salzburg. In 1841 he received his medical doctorate at Vienna, where later he practiced obstetrics and gynecology for most of his professional career. He died in 1854 at the age of 37 from cholera. He was the father of pathologist Hans Chiari (1851-1916) and rhinolaryngologist Ottokar Chiari (1853-1918).

Another source states that he was Professor of Obstetrics in the University of Prague and later for a short time in the Josephinum of Vienna. He was the son-in-law of Johann Klein. [cite book | first = Ignaz | last = Semmelweis | coauthors = K. Codell Carter (translator and extensive foreword) | title = Etiology, Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever | publisher = University of Wisconsin Press, September 15, 1983 | date = 1861 | isbn = 0299093646 p123-124 footnote 1] , to whom he was also an assistant at the first obstetrical clinic in Vienna from 1842 to 1844.

With Karl von Braun-Fernwald (1822-1891) and Joseph Späth (1823-1896), Chiari was co-publisher of an important handbook on obstetrics titled "Klinik der Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie". This textbook was the first to present the theories of Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865) regarding hygiene and prevention of the spread of puerperal fever. With German gynecologist Richard Frommel (1854-1912) the eponymous "Chiari-Frommel syndrome" is named. This is a postnatal disorder that is also known as the postpartum galactorrhea-amenorrhea syndrome.


* "This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia."
* [ "Johann Baptist Chiari"] @ Who Named It

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  • Johann Baptist Chiari — (* 15. Juni 1817 in Salzburg; † 11. Dezember 1854) war ein österreichischer Geburtshelfer und Gynäkologe. Leben Chiari studierte in Wien und wurde 1841 mit der Dissertation De legibus mechanicis motus muscularis promoviert. 1842 wurde er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chiari — may refer to People: Hans Chiari (1851−1916), Austrian pathologist Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari (1654–1727), Italian painter Isidoro Chiari (1495 1555), one of the fathers of the Council of Trent and a translator of the Bible Johann Baptist Chiari… …   Wikipedia

  • Chiari — heißt der Ort Chiari (Lombardei), Stadt in der Provinz Brescia (Italien) Chiari ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Hans von Chiari (1851–1916), österreichischer Pathologe Johann Baptist Chiari (1817–1854), österreichischer Gynäkologe Karl… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Klein — (1788 1856) was Professor of Obstetrics at the University of Salzburg and at the University of Vienna. Johann Baptist Chiari was his son in law. In Vienna, he was succeeded by professor Carl Braun (obstetrician) in 1856.In the maternity clinic at …   Wikipedia

  • Chiari-Frommel-Syndrom — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 O92.6 Galaktorrhoe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chiari-Frommel syndrome (disease) — Chi·a·ri From·mel syndrome (disease) (ke ahґre fromґəl) [Johann Baptist Chiari, German obstetrician, 1817–1854; Richard Julius Ernst Frommel, German gynecologist, 1854–1912] see under syndrome …   Medical dictionary

  • Chiari-Frommel syndrome — Chi·ari From·mel syndrome kē är ē frȯm əl , främ n a condition usu. occurring postpartum and characterized by amenorrhea, galactorrhea, obesity, and atrophy of the uterus and ovaries Chiari Johann Baptist (1817 1854) German surgeon. Chiari is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Hans Chiari — Hans von Chiari Hans von Chiari (* 14. September 1851 in Wien; † Mai 1916 in Straßburg) war ein österreichischer Pathologe. Unter anderem nach ihm sind das Budd Chiari Syndrom (eine Verstopfung der Lebervenen) und die Chiari Malformation… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ottokar Chiari — Ottokar von Chiari (* 1. Februar 1853 in Prag; † 12. Mai 1918 in Puchberg am Schneeberg, Niederösterreich) war ein österreichischer Laryngologe. Er war der Sohn von Johann Baptist Chiari und der Großvater von Karl Chiari (1912−1982). 1877 wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans Chiari — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width =150px |150px image width =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = September 4, 1851 birth place = Vienna death date = 1916 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = Austrian ethnicity = field …   Wikipedia

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