- L'Express (France)
"L'Express" (ISSN|0245-9949) is
France's first weekly news magazine. When founded in 1953during the First Indochina War, it was modelled on the American magazine " TIME".
The magazine It was co-founded by
Jean-Jacques Servan Schreiber, future president of the Radical Party, and Françoise Giroud, who had earlier edited " ELLE" and went on to become France's first Minister of Women's Affairsin 1974and Minister of Culturein 1976. The magazine was supportive of the policies of Pierre Mendès-Francein Indochina, and in general had a left-of-centreorientation. The magazine opposed the war in Algeria, and especially the use of torture. [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2006/nov/09/pressandpublishing.guardianobituaries Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber] The Guardian, Thursday November 9, 2006] . In March 1958, as a result of an article of Jean Paul Sartrereviewing the book La Questionby Henri Alleg, the magazine was prevented from being published by the French Government. In order to resume publication, L'Express had to print a new issue without the incriminated article. François Mauriacwas a regular contributor, with his "Bloc-Notes" column but left L'Express when Charles De Gaullereturned to power. In 1964, a number of journalists, including Jean Danieland André Gorz, quit "L'Express" to found " Le Nouvel Observateur". Servan-Schreiber turned l'Express into a less politically engaged publication, and the circulation rose from 150,000 to 500,000 copies in 3 years.In 1971, as a result of Servan-Schreiber's political activities as a deputy of the Radical Party, nine journalists of L'Express, including Claude Imbert, left the magazine and created Le Pointto counter what they perceived as the "current breed of French intellectuals in the press and elsewhere, with their leftist dogmas and complacent nihilism.". [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,944545-1,00.html Making Le Point] Time Magazine, Monday November 27, 1972] . In 1977, Servan-Schreiber sold his magazine to Jimmy Goldsmith. [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article628663.ece Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber] The Times, November 8, 2006] [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,914906,00.html Sir Jimmy's Cross-Channel Fiefdom] TIME Magazine, Monday, Apr. 18, 1977] Jean-François Revelbecame director in October 1978. He was replaced by Yves Cuauin May 1981. In 1987, L'Express was sold to C. G. E.. Yann de l'Ecotaisbecame the new director, until 1994 when he was replaced by Christine Ockrent. In 1995, L'Express was sold to CEP communications, a filial of Havas. Denis Jeambarbecame the new director. In 1998, after Vivendi took control of Havas, the magazine returned under its control. After the collapse of Vivendi, L'Express was sold in 2002 to Socpresse(80% owned by Dassault Group). It has been bought in 2006 by long term partner Roularta. In 2008 L'Express reaches 2,3 million readers each week through its magazine and nearly 2 million internet users every month. [ [http://www.groupe-exp.com/historique/ Groupe Express-Roularta] ]
Journalists who wrote for "L'Express"
* [http://www.lexpress.fr/ L'Express's website]
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