Hungarian Slovenes

Hungarian Slovenes

Hungarian Slovenes also known as Rába Slovenes ( _sl. Porabski Slovenci) are an autochthonous ethnic and linguistic Slovene minority living in western Hungary between the town of Szentgotthard and the borders with Slovenia and Austria.


The ancestors of modern Slovenes have lived in the western part of the Carpathian basin since at least the 6th century AD; their presence thus dates back to before the Magyars came into the region. They formed the Slavic Balaton Principality and were later incorporated in Arnulf's Kingdom of Carantania which extended to most of modern south-eastern Austria, southern Hungary and northern Croatia. After the Hungarian invasion in the late 10th century, most of the local Slavs were magyarized. Between the 11th and 12th century, the current linguistic and ethnic border between the Hungarian and Slovene people was established.

In the 10th century, the western border of the Kingdom of Hungary was fixed on the river Mura, so the region between the Mura and the Rába rivers, known in Slovene as _sl. "Slovenska krajina" and in Hungarian as "Vendvidék", inhabited by Slovenes, remained in Hungary. In 1919, the majority of the region was annexed to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia), and became known under the name of Prekmurje. Only a small portion in the Vas County, in the triangle between the northern border of Slovenia, the Raba river and Austria, remained in Hungary. In 1920, the number of Hungarian Slovenes was estimated at around 7,000, but in the next decades many of them immigrated to other Hungarian cities, mostly to Budapest. In 2001, there were around 5,000 Slovenes in Hungary, of which only around 3,000 in their original settlement zone in the western Vas county, with others living mostly in larger urban areas.

Language and terminology

The Hungarian Slovenes speak a specific dialect of Slovene (the Wends or Prekmurian dialect) which is almost identical with the dialect spoken in the Prekmurje region of Slovenia. The traditional Magyar name for the Slovenes used to be "Vendek" or Vends; as a result, many Slovenes in Hungary accepted this name as a common denomination, although in their dialect, they always referred to themselves as "Slovenes". In the last decades of the 19th century, and especially during the Horthy regime, the denomination "Wends" was used in order to emphasize the difference between the Hungarian Slovenes and other Slovenes, including attempts in creating a separate identity.


Differently from their counterparts in Prekmurje, where there is a significant Lutheran minority, almost all Rába Slovenes are Roman Catholic, with religion playing an important role in their local traditions and communal life.

Frequent Slovene names in Hungary

* Doncsecz "(Dončec)"
* Bajzek "(Bajzek)"
* Szvétecz "(Svetec)"
* Gyécsek "(Geček)"
* Sulics "(Šulič)"

Famous Slovenes in Hungary

* József Kossics (1788-1867)
* Ágoston Pável (1886-1946)
* Károly Doncsecz (1918-2002)
* Antal Rogán (1972-)
* Tibor Gécsek (1964-)


* Mária Mukics: "Changing World - The Hungarian Slovenes" ("Változó Világ" - "A magyarországi szlovének") Press Publica
* Francek Mukič - Marija Kozar: "Poznavanje Slovenstva," Croatica, Budapest 2002. ISBN 963 9314 31 1
* Mária Kozár - Ferenc Gyurácz: "Felsőszölnök," Book House of Hundred Hungarian Village KHT. ISBN 963 9287 20 2
* Marija Kozar: Ethnical dictionary of the Hungarian Slovenes "(Etnološki slovar Slovencev na Madžarskem)," Monošter-Szombathely 1996. ISBN 963 7206 620

External links

* [ Mária Kozár: Assimilation of the Hungarian Slovenes "(A Magyarországi szlovének asszimilációja)] hu icon
* [ Mária Kozár: The Slovenes in Hungary "(A Magyarországi szlovének)"] hu icon

ee also

* Demographics of Hungary
* List of Slovene writers and poets in Hungary
* Republic of Prekmurje
* Slovene Lands
* Slovenes in Somogy
* Wendish question

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Slovenes — Infobox Ethnic group group=Slovenes/Slovenians ( sl. Slovenci) population= 2.5 million (est.)cite web |url=http://www.zrc |title=Ethnic Structure of Slovenia and Slovenes in Neighbouring Countries |work=Slovenia: a… …   Wikipedia

  • Slovenes in Somogy — Slovenians of Somogy were a Slovenian community living in the Somogy county, Hungary.In the 17th and 18th century numerous Slovene families from Vas County settled down in Somogy County. According to recent research, there were sixteen Slovene… …   Wikipedia

  • Hungarian exonyms (Prekmurje, Slovenia) — The following is a list of Hungarian place names for towns and villages in the Prekmurje region of Slovenia. The hungarian administration in the 19th century few village name was change, mainly old hungarian names (Alsószlavecsa, Mladetincz,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hungarian prehistory — See Pannonian basin before Hungary for the prehistory of Hungary (as opposed to the prehistory of the Hungarian people). The Tree of Life on an ancient Magyar sabertache (tarsoly) plate Hungarian prehistory (Hungarian: magyar őstörténet) refers… …   Wikipedia

  • State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs — Not to be confused with Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs Država Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba (hr) Држава Словенаца, Хрвата и Срба (sr) Država Slovencev, Hrvatov in Srbov (sl) Unrecognized state …   Wikipedia

  • Austro-Hungarian krone — Infobox Currency currency name in local = Österreichisch ungarische Krone de icon osztrák magyar korona hu icon corona Austro Hungarica la icon Rakousko uherská koruna cs icon korona austro węgierska pl icon корона uk icon corona austro ungarica… …   Wikipedia

  • Austro-Hungarian Monarchy —     The Austro Hungarian Monarchy     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Austro Hungarian Monarchy     By this name is designated the European monarchy whose dominions have for their main life distributing artery the River Danube, in its course from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Carinthian Slovenes — ( sl. Koroški Slovenci; de. Kärntner Slowenen) are the Slovene speaking population group in the Austrian State of Carinthia. The Carinthian Slovenes send representatives to the National Ethnic Groups Advisory Council. The status of the minority… …   Wikipedia

  • Austro-Hungarian Navy — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Austro Hungarian Navy (K.u.K Kriegsmarine) caption=Austro Hungarian Naval Ensign (1914) dates=1867 ndash;1920 country= Austria Hungary allegiance= House of Habsburg branch=Military type=Navy role=Defense of the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Slovenes — This is a list of Slovenes and people from Slovenia that are famous or notable. Artists / Performing Arts * Zvest Apollonio (1935 ) painter and graphic artist. * Berko (1946 ) painter and graphic artist. * Emerik Bernard (1927 ) painter. * Janez… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”