- Jiří Trnka
Jiří Trnka (IPA2|ˈjɪr̝iː ˈtr̩ŋka) (
24 February 1912, Plzeň - 30 December 1969, Prague) was a Czech puppetmaker, illustrator, motion-picture animatorand film director, renowned for his stop motionpuppet animations.
He graduated from the Prague School of Arts and Crafts. He created a puppet theater in 1936. This group was dissolved when
World War IIbegan, and he instead designed stage sets and illustrated books for children throughout the war.
After the end of the war, Trnka established an animation unit at the Prague film studio. Trnka soon became internationally recognized as the world's greatest puppet animator in the traditional Czech method, and he won several
film festivalawards. One animator called him "the Walt Disneyof the East".
He won an award at the
Cannes Festivalin 1946, just one year after he began working in film. His films were mostly made for an adult audience. Beginning in 1948, the communistCzech government began to subsidize his work, although this did not seem to affect the message or style of his work. He also created animated cartoons. He wrote the scripts for most of his own films. In 1968, he won Hans Christian Andersen Award, the most distinguished prize in children's literature. He died of heart trouble in 1969.
The Czech Year" ("Špalíček", 1947, his first feature film)
The Emperor's Nightingale" ("Císařův slavík"), 1949
The Cybernetic Grandma" ("Kybernetická babička", 1962)
List of stop-motion films
* [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0873240/ Jirí Trnka at IMDB]
* [http://www.awn.com/mag/issue5.04/5.04pages/dutkatrnka.php3 Jiri Trnka -- Walt Disney Of The East!]
* [http://www.ccsu.edu/library/nadeau/Award%20Books/HansChristianAndersen.htm Hans Christian Andersen Award]
* [http://www.radio.cz/en/article/97289 Jiri Trnka: an artist who turned puppets into film stars]
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