Founding of Byzantium
Byzas was a Greek colonist from the Dorian city of
Megara, son of King Nisos (Greek Νίσος), who consulted the oracle of Apolloat Delphi. The oracle instructed Byzas to settle opposite from the "Land of the Blind". Leading a group of Megarian colonists, Byzas found a location opposite Chalcedon, where the Bosphorusand the Golden Hornmeet and flow into the Sea of Marmara. He determined the Chalcedonians must have been blind not to recognize the advantages the land on the European side of the Bosphorushad over the Asiatic side, and in 667 BCfounded Byzantium on the European side, thus completing the oracle's quest.
on of Poseidon
Greek mythology, Byzas was a son of Poseidonby Keroessa. Zeusfell in love with Io, the daughter of Inachus, King of Argosand god of the river of Argos. Zeus temporarily transformed his mistress into a heifer in order to protect her from the wrath of his wife Hera. In her wanderings Io crossed the Bosphorus, giving the strait its name ("boos-foros", which is Greek for "cow-ford"). After reassuming her original form, she gave birth to a girl, Keroessa.
Keroessa later bore a son to
Poseidon, elder brother of Zeusand lord of all waters from the Pillars of Herculesto the Hellespont. This son, Byzas the Megarian, in time became the founder of Byzantium and named the Golden Horn(Greek Χρυσοκερας (Khrysokeras or Chrysoceras) after his mother. Some sources say that Byzas was brought up by the naiadByzia and married Phidaleia, daughter of King Barbyzos.
* [http://www.istanbulinfolink.com/the_city/istanbul/history_1.htm Istanbul Historical Information - Istanbul Informative Guide To The City] . Retrieved Jan. 6, 2005.
* [http://www.guideistanbul.net/tablo1a.htm The Useful Information about Istanbul] . Retrieved Jan. 6, 2005.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.