- Luís Vélez de Guevara
Luis Vélez de Guevara (
August 1, 1579- November 10, 1644), Spanish dramatistand novelistHe was born at Écijaand was of Jewish converso descent. See Antonio Dominiguez Ortiz, "Los judeoconversos en España y América." Madrid, 1971.After graduating as a sizar at the university of Osunain 1596, he joined the household of Rodrigo de Castro, cardinal-archbishop of Seville, and celebrated the marriage of Philip II in a poem signed Vélez de Santander, a name which he continued to use till some years later.
It seems he served as a soldier in
Italyand Algiers, returning to Spain in 1602 when he entered the service of the count de Saldaña, and dedicated himself to writing for the stage. He died at Madridon the 10th of November 1644.
He was the author of over four hundred plays, of which the best are "Reinar despues de morir", "Más pesa el rey que la sangre", "La Luna de la Sierra" and "El Diablo está en Cantillana"; but he is most widely known as the author of "El Diablo cojuelo" (1641), a fantastic novel which suggested to Le Sage the idea of his "Diable boiteux". The plot presents a rascal student that hides in an astrologer's mansard. He frees a devil from a bottle. As an acknowledgement the devil shows him the apartments of Madrid and the tricks, miseries and mischiefs of their inhabitants. A similar theme was suggested by the magic lenses in "Los anteojos de mejor vista" (1620-1625) by
Rodrigo Fernández de Ribera.
*gutenberg author| id=Luis+V+de+Guevara | name=Luis Vélez de Guevara
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