- Shuja Shah Durrani
name =Shuja Shah Durrani
title =Emir of Afghanistan
caption ="Shah Shuja sitting at his Kabul Palace"
Durrani Empire: 1803–1809
full name =Shuja Shah Durrani
Mahmud Shah Durrani
Dost Mohammad Khan
spouse 1 =Daughter of Fath Khan Tokhi
spouse 2 =Wafa Begum
spouse 3 =Daughter of
SayyidAmir Haidar Khan
spouse 4 =Daughter of Khan Bahadur Khan Malikdin Khul
spouse 5 =Daughter of Sardar Haji Rahmatu'llah Khan Sardozai
spouse 6 =Sarwar Begum
spouse 7 =Bibi Mastan
royal house =
dynasty =Durrani dynasty
royal anthem =
Timur Shah Durrani
date of birth =
November 4, 1785
place of birth =
date of death =
April 5, 1842
place of death =
date of burial =
place of burial =|
Shuja Shah Durrani (also known as "Shah Shujah", "Shoja Shah", "Shujah al-Mulk") (c.
November 4, 1785– April 5, 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empirefrom 1803 to 1809. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. Shuja Shah was of the Sadozailine of the Abdaligroup of Pashtuns. He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan. [ Encyclopedia Britannica- [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9067071/Shah-Shoja Shah Shoja] ]
Shuja Shah was the son of
Timur Shah Durraniof the Durrani Empire. He ousted his brother, Mahmud Shah, from power, and ruled Afghanistanfrom 1803 to 1809.
# A daughter of Fath Khan Tokhi
# Wafa Begum
# A daughter of
SayyidAmir Haidar Khan; Amirof Bokhara
# A daughter of Khan Bahadur Khan Malikdin Khul
# A daughter of Sardar Haji Rahmatu'llah Khan Sardozai;
# Sarwar Begum
# Bibi Mastan; of
Depositions, imprisonments and alliances
Shuja Shah was the governor of
Heratand Peshawar from 1798 to 1801. He proclaimed himself as King of Afghanistan in October 1801 (after the deposition of his brother Zaman Shah), but only properly ascended to the throne in on July 13, 1803.
Shuja allied Afghanistan with the
United Kingdomin 1809, as a means of defending against a combined invasion of Indiaby Napoleonand Russia.
May 3, 1809, he was overthrown by his predecessor Mahmud Shah and went into exile in India, where he was captured by Jahandad Khan Bamizai and imprisoned at Attock(1811–2) as well as in Kashmir(1812–3). Shortly afterwards, he was handed over to Maharajah Ranjit Singhand imprisoned at Lahorefrom 1813 to 1814. Once a holder of the famous Koh-i-Nor diamond, he was forced to hand it over to his captor to gain back his freedom. He stayed first in Punjab and later in Ludhiana.
In 1833 he struck a deal with Maharajah
Ranjit Singhof the Punjab: He was allowed to march his troops through Punjab, and in return he would cede Peshawarto the Sikhs if they could manage to take it. In a concerted campaign the following year, Shuja marched on Kandahar while the Sikhs, commanded by general Hari Singh Nalwaattacked Peshawar. In July, Shuja Shah was narrowly defeated at Kandaharby the Afghans under Dost Mohammad Khanand fled. The Sikhs on their hand seized Peshawar.
In 1838 he had gained the support of the British and Punjab for an invasion of Afghanistan. This triggered the First Anglo-Afghan War (1838–42). Shuja was restored to the throne by the British on August 7, 1839 [Moon, P. (1989). "The British Conquest and Dominion of India", London: Duckworth, ISBN 0 7156 2169 6, p.515] , almost 30 years after his deposition, but did not remain in power when the British left. He was assassinated by
Shuja ud-Daula, on April 5, 1842. [Moon, P. (1989). "The British Conquest and Dominion of India", London: Duckworth, ISBN 0 7156 2169 6, p.552]
* "Divan-i-Shuja" (1825)
* "Memoirs of Shuja ul-Mulk Shah, King of Afghanistan" (1826)
* [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9067071/Shah-Shoja Encyclopedia Britannica - Shah Shoja]
* [http://www.bl.uk/collections/afghan/chronology1747to1809.html The British Library - Shah Shuja]
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