- Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice
Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice can be thought of as the quality control standards applicable for appraisal analysis and reports in the
United Statesand its territories. USPAP, as its commonly known, was first developed in the 1980s by a joint committee representing the major U.S. and Canadian appraisal organizations. As a result of the Savings and Loan Crisis, the Appraisal Foundation(TAF) was formed by these same groups, along with support and input from major industry and educational groups, and TAF took over administration of USPAP [ [http://www.appraisalfoundation.org The Appraisal Foundation] ] .
Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989authorized the Appraisal Subcommittee (ASC), which is made up of representatives of the leading U.S. government agencies and non-governmental organizations empowered to oversee the U.S. mortgage and banking system. The ASC provides oversight to TAF.
TAF carries out its work through two divisions – the Appraisal Standards Board (ASB) and the Appraisal Qualifications Board (AQB). The latter group sets forth minimum qualifications for appraisal licensure, and its work has been adopted by all states and territories. The ASB maintains USPAP, and issues updates in January of even numbered years.
Origins of USPAP
USPAP was originally written in 1986-87 by an ad-hoc committee representing the various appraisal professional organizations in the U.S. and Canada. The copyright to USPAP was donated to TAF in April 27,1987. While USPAP answers a specific regulatory need in the U.S., it has also been adopted by many appraisal professional organizations throughout North and South America, Europe, and Asia.
USPAP represents the generally accepted and recognized standards of appraisal practice and its organisational meeting held on January 30, 1989, the appraisal standard board unanimously approved and adopted the original USPAP as the initial appraisal standards promulgated by ASB. USPAP may be amended, Interpreted, or retired by ASB after exposure to the user's of appraisal services and the public in accordance with established rules of procedure.
Over the years, the USPAP document has evolved in content and organisational structure in response to changes in appraisal practice. The ASB has developed a process for developing both standards and guidance based, in part, on written comments submitted in response to exposure drafts and oral testimony.
tandards vs. methods
While USPAP provides a minimum set of quality control standards for the conduct of appraisal in the U.S., it does not attempt to prescribe specific methods to be used. Rather, USPAP simply requires that appraisers be familiar with and correctly utilize those methods which would be acceptable to other appraisers familiar with the assignment at hand and acceptable to the intended users of the appraisal. USPAP directs this through what is called the "Scope of Work" rule. At the onset of an assignment, an appraiser is obligated to gather certain specified preliminary data about the project, such as the nature of the property to be appraised, the basis of value (e.g. market, investment, impaired, unimpaired), the interests appraised (e.g. fee, partial), important assumptions or hypothetical conditions, and the effective date of the valuation. Based on this and other key information, the appraiser relies on peer-reviewed methodology to formulate an acceptable workplan.
USPAP and the International Valuation Standards
While USPAP and the IVS aim at essentially the same goals, there remain significant differences between the two sets of standards. These differences result primarily from accumulated differences in appraisal methodology. In June, 2006, the International Valuation Standards Committee and the Appraisal Foundation jointly issued a memorandum of understanding, called the "Madison Agreement", in which they pledged to work together toward the goal of reconciling the differences between the two sets of standards. [ [http://www.appraisalfoundation.org/s_appraisal/bin.asp?CID=5&DID=868&DOC=FILE.PDF Press release announcing the Madison Agreement] ]
* [http://commerce.appraisalfoundation.org/html/USPAP2008/index.htm USPAP 2008-2009 edition]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.