- Johann Peter Kellner
Johann Peter Kellner (variants: Keller, Kelner) (28 September 1705 - 19 April 1772) was a German organist and
composer. He was the father of Johann Christoph Kellner.
He was born in
Gräfenroda, Thuringia, and was intended by his parents to follow his father into a career as a lamp-black merchant. He was devoted to music from childhood, and first learnt singingfrom the cantor Johann Peter Nageland keyboard from Johann Heinrich Nagel, the son of the former. He studied for a year from 1720 with organist Johann Schmidt in Zella, followed by a year with organist Hieronymous Florentius Quehl (or Kehl) in Suhl, during which he also studied composition. He knew Johann Sebastian Bach, though it is not known whether he was taught by him, and also knew George Frideric Handel. In 1722, he returned to tutor at Gräfenroda for three years. He was appointed cantor of Frankenhainin October 1725, returning to Gräfenroda in December 1727 as assistant cantor. He became cantor after Nagel's death in 1732, and remained in the post for the rest of his life; his pupils included Johann Philipp Kirnberger, Johannes Ringk, and J.E. Rembt. He was admired as an organist, and performed for the Dukes of Coburgand Weimarand the Prince of Sondershausen.
He has played an important role in the dissemination of music by
Johann Sebastian Bach, through the many manuscriptcopies made by him and his circle, particularly of keyboard and organ works. These are the earliest or only source of many works, and provide information on their chronology, compositional history, and authenticity. There is evidence that he transcribed Bach's trio sonata BWV 1027/ BWV 1039for organ (it was originally for viola da gambaand harpsichordor two flutes and continuo), though only the first movement survives in his hand; movement four (BWV 1027a) survives in a copy made by his student Johann Nicolaus Mempeland movement two in another hand.
His keyboard music is in typical galant style, though also shows influences of Bach's "
Fuguein D minor, BWV Anh180
Preludeand Fugue in D minor
*2 trios, D major, G major, in "Die Orgel" II/7 (Lippstadt, 1958)
*Prelude in C major, in "Orgelmusik um Johann Sebastian Bach" (Wiesbaden, 1985)
*2 fugues in C minor and D major
*3 preludes in C major, C major, and G minor
*2 preludes and fugues in G major
*"Herzlich tut mich verlangen", BWV Anh 47 (Leipzig, 1907)
*"Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan" (Leipzig, 1907)
*"Wer nur den lieben Gott lässt walten" (Wiesbaden, 1985)
*"Lobt Gott, ihr Christen, allzugleich; Nun danket alle Gott"
*"Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr"
*"Certamen musicum, bestehend aus Präludien, Fugen, Allemanden, Couranten, Sarabanden, Giguen, wie *auch Menuetten", 6
*"3 Sonates" (1752)
*"Manipulus musices, oder Eine Hand voll kurzweiliger Zeitvertreib", 4 suites (1752–1756)
Concertoin F major (Leipzig, 1956)
*2 fugues in A minor and C major
Menuetin A minor
*3 preludes and fugues in A minor, C major, and G major
cantatas, in Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek, Frankfurt
*Annual cycle of church cantatas with organ, 1753 (lost)
His autobiography is in
F.W. Marpurg: "Historische-kritische Beyträge zur Aufnahme der Musik" (Berlin, 1754–1778)
*"Gedenkschrift anlässlich der Johann-Peter-Kellner-Festwoche in Gräfenroda" (Gräfenroda, 1955)
*M. Fechner: "Die Klavier- und Orgelwerke Johann Peter Kellners" (Diplomarbeit, University of Leipzig, 1965)
*H.J. Schulze: "Bach-Dokumente" III (Kassel and Leipzig, 1972)
*Russell Stinson: "The Bach Manuscripts of Johann Peter Kellner and his Circle: a Case Study in Reception History" (Durham, North Carolina, 1989)
*Russell Stinson: "Keyboard Transcriptions from the Bach Circle", (Madison, Wisconsin, 1992)
*Russell Stinson: 'Kellner [Keller, Kelner] , Johann Peter', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed
*WIMA|idx=Kellner|name=Johann Peter Kellner
*IMSLP|id=Kellner%2C_Johann_Peter|cname=Johann Peter Kellner
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