Archbishop of New Zealand

Archbishop of New Zealand

The Archbishop of New Zealand is the primate, or head, of the Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia. However, since Whakahuihui Vercoe stepped down at the end of his two-year term as archbishop in 2006, the church has decided that three bishops shall share the position and style of archbishop, each representing one of the three "tikanga", or cultural streams of the church: Te Pīhopatanga o Aotearoa (the Bishopric of Aotearoa, serving Māori), the Dioceses in New Zealand (serving Pākehā) and the Diocese of Polynesia.

History

George Augustus Selwyn became Bishop of New Zealand in 1841. In his lifetime, as the Anglican ministry in New Zealand grew, his original single diocese was divided several times. By 1868, New Zealand had seven dioceses, and Selwyn's Diocese of New Zealand had been renamed as the Diocese of Auckland (the Diocese of Waikato was still then part of the Diocese of Auckland, and the Diocese of Melanesia was still part of the province). After Selwyn, the leadership of the church was chosen from among the diocesans, and occasionally used the style "Archbishop of New Zealand". However, from the primacy of Churchill Julius in 1902, this title became usual for the head of the church. The archbishop could be bishop of any of the dioceses of the province, and remained a diocesan while carrying out the duties of archbishop.

Throughout the 20th century, the church in New Zealand developed an understanding for the different cultures within it. In 1925, the Diocese of Polynesia began as a missionary diocese of the church. In 1928, the first Bishop of Aotearoa, ministering to the Māori, was consecrated as suffragan bishop to the Bishop of Waiapu. In the 1970s, Melanesia became a separate ecclesiastical province from New Zealand, and the Bishop of Aotearoa became a full-ranking diocesan, with a diocese covering all of New Zealand. Under the primacy of Brian Davis, Polynesia became a fully fledged diocese and a review of church structures was begun. In 1992, the General Synod of the church set up five "hui amorangi", or regional bishoprics, to serve under the Bishop of Aotearoa. The Church of the Province of New Zealand also adopted its current name, the Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia, to demonstrate its ownership by the three "tikanga". There was also a move towards the use of the title "presiding bishop" for the head of the church rather than "archbishop", and John Paterson, Davis' successor, became the first bishop so to be styled. Further changes to the office of primate were its limitation to a two-year term, to allow for greater participation in leadership, and its establishment as a triumvirate of bishops. Currently, Archbishop William Brown Turei, who is Bishop of Aotearoa, is recognised as leader of the church, but he shares the style "archbishop" and the title "Co-Presiding Bishop" with David Moxon (Bishop of Waikato, representing the Dioceses in New Zealand) and Jabez Leslie Bryce (Bishop of Polynesia).

Primates of New Zealand

*George Augustus Selwyn (1841–1867) (Bishop of New Zealand; Metropolitan)
*Henry Harper (1867–1890) (Bishop of Christchurch)
*Octavius Hadfield (1890–1893) (Bishop of Wellington)
*William Cowie (1893–1902) (Bishop of Auckland)

Archbishops of New Zealand

*Churchill Julius (1902–1925)
*Alfred Walter Averill (1925–1940)
*Campbell West-Watson (1940–1952)
*Reginald Owen (1952–1961)
*Norman Lesser (1961–1971)
*Allen Johnston (1972–1980)
*Paul Reeves (1980–1985)
*Brian Davis (1985–1997)
*"John Paterson (1998–2004) (Presiding Bishop)"
*Whakahuihui Vercoe (2004-2006)
*"William Brown Turei with David Moxon (Bishop of Waikato) and Jabez Leslie Bryce (Bishop of Polynesia)"

:Sources: [http://www.anglican.org.nz/Resources/CDFRONT2005.pdf Anglican church 2005-2006 clerical directory (PDF)] page 4; [http://www.holy-trinity.org.nz/155.php Holy Trinity Cathedral list] .

External links

* [http://www.anglican.org.nz The official website of Anglican Church in Aotearoa]
* [http://anglicanhistory.org/nz/ Historical documents on Anglicanism in New Zealand]


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