Bryndza

Bryndza

Infobox Cheese
name = Bryndza


region = Eastern Europecite web |url=http://www.cheese.com/Description.asp?Name=Bryndza |title=Cheese Description: Bryndza |accessdate=2008-06-11 |publisher=Cheese.com ]
source = Sheep
pasteurized = No
texture = Depends on variety
fat = Depends on variety
certification = "Bryndza Podhalańska": PDOcite web |url=http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32007R0642:EN:NOT |title=Commission Regulation (EC) No 642/2007 of 11 June 2007 registering a name in the Register of protected designations of origin and protected geographical indications Bryndza Podhalańska (PDO) |accessdate=2008-06-10 |author=European Commission |date=2007-06-11 ]
"Slovenská bryndza": PGIcite web |url=http://eur-lex.europa.eu/Notice.do?checktexts=checkbox&checktexte=checkbox&val=474677%3Acs&pos=1&page=1&lang=en&pgs=10&nbl=1&list=474677%3Acs%2C&hwords=&action=GO&visu=%23texte |title=Commission Regulation (EC) No 676/2008 of 16 July 2008 registering certain names in the Register of protected designations of origin and protected geographical indications |accessdate=2008-07-23 |date=2008-07-16 |author=European Commission ]

Bryndza is a sheep milk cheese made in Eastern Europe. National recipes differ slightly across the countries.

Etymology

"Brânză" or "brînză" (pronounced|'brɨn.zə) is the generic word for "cheese" in Romanian [cite encyclopedia |encyclopedia=Dictionar Englez Roman - English Romanian Dictionary Online |title=cheese |url=http://www.dictionare.com/english/dictionaries1.htm |accessdate=2008-07-09 |publisher=Industrial Soft |quote=brânză] , there is no special type of cheese associated with it. It is a word presumably inherited by the Romanian language from Dacian, the language of the pre-Roman population in the actual Romania ("see also List of Romanian words of possible Dacian origin"). Today, "bryndza", a word descended from the Romanian root, is used in the surrounding countriescite encyclopedia |first=Max |last=Vasmer |authorlink=Max Vasmer |coauthors=Oleg Trubachyov |encyclopedia=Этимологический словарь русского языка (Etymological dictionary of the Russian language) |title=бры́нза |url=http://starling.rinet.ru/cgi-bin/response.cgi?root=config&morpho=0&basename=%5Cdata%5Cie%5Cvasmer&first=1&text_word=&method_word=substring&text_general=bryndza&method_general=substring&text_origin=&method_origin=substring&text_trubachev=&method_trubachev=substring&text_editorial=&method_editorial=substring&text_pages=&method_pages=substring&text_any=&method_any=substring&sort=word |accessdate=2008-07-22 |language=Russian |edition=3rd edition |year=1996 |isbn=5-7684-0023-0] such as Slovakia or Poland, due to its introduction by migrating Vlachs (please, see section Slovakia). In contrast to the original Romanian word, it is exclusively used for the one type of soft crumbly cheese described above.

Geographical indications

"Bryndza Podhalańska" from Poland was granted a protected designation of origin in June 2007. The geographical indication was requested in September 2006. [cite web |url=http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52006XC0923(01):EN:NOT |title=Publication of an application pursuant to Article 6(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs |accessdate=2008-06-10 |date=2006-09-23 |author=European Commission ]

"Slovenská bryndza" from Slovakia was granted a protected geographical indication in July 2008. The geographical indication was requested in October 2007.cite web |url=http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52007XC1004(02):EN:NOT |title=Publication of an application pursuant to Article 6(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs |accessdate=2008-06-10 |date=2007-10-04 |author=European Commission ]

lovakia

Bryndza probably came to Slovakia in the course of the settling of northern Slovakia by the Vlachs from the 14th century to the 17th century (see also Moravian Wallachia).cite news |first=Lívia |last=Tothová |title=Exports of Slovak 'white gold' growing |url=http://www.spectator.sk/articles/view/27859 |publisher=The Slovak Spectator |location=Bratislava |date=2007-06-04 |accessdate=2008-06-11] Ján Vagač started to produce the local variety of "Slovenská bryndza" and in 1787 he founded the first factory for producing the cheese in Detva. Today, around 4,000 tons of bryndza are produced in Slovakia annually.

Bryndza is an essential ingredient for the traditional Slovak dishes "bryndzové pirohy" and "bryndzové halušky". [cite web |url=http://travel.spectator.sk/ss2003/07_when.html |title=When in Slovakia... |accessdate=2008-06-11 |last=Philpott |first=Tom |date=2003 |work=Spectacular Slovakia |publisher=The Slovak Spectator]

References


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