- François Riday Busseron
François Riday Busseron (Bosseron, Beauceron) was a French fur trader, general store operator, and militia captain in the American village of Vincennes. He supported the Americans during the
American Revolutionand funded the first American flag made in Indiana. [Somes, pg 75] As a U.S. citizen, he would serve as a judge in the court of general quarter sessions. [Barnhart, 275]
Busseron was born in 1748, when the
Northwest Territorywas still part of New France. The territory became the domain of the British Empirefollowing the French and Indian War, but Busseron elected to stay. On hearing the news of the American Revolution and the French alliance from Father Gibault, however, Busseron declared for the Americans.
Henry Hamiltonretook control of Fort Sackvilleand confiscated local supplies of ammunition, Busseron, along with Colonel Legras, "buried the greater part of their powder and ball." [English, V1, p326] George Rogers Clarkand his American forces arrived on 23 February 1779, his black powderruined while wading across the Wabash River[Somes, 70] . Clark wrote of Legras and Busseron, "We found ourselves well supplied by those gentlemen." Hamilton noted not only that Busseron supplied Clark with powder, but that he also offered the services of himself and 75 men of the Vincennes militia, which greatly discouraged the French inside Fort Sackville. [Commanger, "Spirit of Seventy-Six", pg 1049.]
Busseron was involved in many of the Vincennes militia actions, including a mission led by Captain Leonard Helm that captured Hamilton's reinforcements on the
Wabash River[George Rogers Clark's [http://www.statelib.lib.in.us/www/ihb/resources/grcmemnine.html memoir] , 5 March] . When Clark withdrew his Virginia troops in Spring 1780, he left Busseron in charge of the fort- now renamed Fort Patrick Henry. [Barnhart, 229]
By 1781, the French residents of Vincennes had become frustrated with the Virginia government, depreciated US currency, and the Virginia militias that used or took their property without proper compensation. The leading citizens of Vincennes, including François Busseron, signed a letter of grievances to the governor of Virginia. [Barnhart, 230] [English, 2:739] Over the course of the American Revolution, Busseron extended up to $12,000 credit to Clark. None of this was ever repaid to him. [Somes, 70] He and all but one of his children died in poverty.
Busseron died in 1791 at age 43. Joseph Somes says he died "a broken and much disillusioned man." He is buried near the Old French Cathedral in Vincennes, next to the George Rogers Clark National Historic Park.
Busseron Street, in Vincennes, is named in honor of François Busseron. Busseron Creek and Busseron Township, both in
Knox County, Indiana, are also named for him.
* Barnhart, John D. and Riker, Dorothy L. "Indiana to 1816. The Colonial Period." ©1971, Indiana Historical Society. ISBN 0-87195-109-6
*English, William Hayden. "Conquest of the Country Northwest of the River Ohio 1778-1783 and Life of Gen. George Rogers Clark" Vol I. ©1896. The Bowen-Merrill Company. Indianapolis, Ind., and Kansas City, Mo.
*Commager, Henry Steele and Richard B. Morris. "The Spirit of Seventy-Six. The story of the American Revolution as told by its participants." Castle Books. HarperCollins Publishers. ©1958. LCCN 67-11325. ISBN 0-7858-1463-9.
*Somes, Joseph Henry VandeBurgh. "Old Vincennes" Graphic Books, New York. 1962. .
* [http://graves.inssar.org/B/bussfran.html Online memorial to François Riday Busseron]
* [http://www.nps.gov/gero/ National Park Service: George Rogers Clark National Historical Park]
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