Grand Trianon

Grand Trianon

The Grand Trianon was built in Versailles by Louis XIV, and it was designed to be a place where he and his close family could escape from the hectic life of court at the Château of Versailles.

In 1670 Louis XIV purchased Trianon, a hamlet on the outskirts of Versailles. He built a palace called the Porcelain Trianon on his purchased land, and commissioned the architect Louis Le Vau to design it. Louis Le Vau constructed the façade out of porcelain tiles from Delft, which is where the palace got its name from.
Louis XIV built the Porcelain Trianon so he could spend time alone in privacy with his mistress Françoise-Athénaïs de Mortemart, the Marquise de Montespan, who Louis XIV liked very much.

In 1687 Louis XIV realised that the porcelain was not strong enough to resist bad weather. He commissioned the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart to demolish it and build another palace on the same site of a better practicality. Hardouin-Mansart's finished design was twice the size of the Porcelain Trianon and its principle material was marble (very strong), which led to Louis XIV calling it the Trianon de Marbre (The Marble Trianon). Louis XIV also had another retreat from court life called the Château de Marly and the only way to visit the king at Marly was to receive an invitation which was considered a great honour.

After the demise of the French Monarchy, the Grand Trianon (called so after the Petit Trianon was built nearby by Louis XV in the 1760s) was occupied by Napoleon from 1805 to 1815, who refurnished it in the Empire Style. It is now a popular tourist site at Versailles, and is used by the French President when entertaining foreign officials.

It was also used as a place of negotiating and signing treaties after World War I. In Hungary the word "Trianon" is still used as a symbol of one of their worst national disasters as the country lost two thirds of its territory in the treaty signed here.

ee also

* Subsidiary structures of the Palace of Versailles
* le Petit Trianon
* Treaty of Trianon
* Rosecliff

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grand Trianon — Grand Trianon, Vogelperspektive um 1700. Blick durch den Ehrenhof zum Schloss, rechtwinklig führt der Galerieflügel zum Trianon sous Bois Das Grand Trianon oder auch Große Trianon ist ein Lustschloss im Park des Schlosses von Versailles bei Paris …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grand Trianon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Trianon.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Petit Trianon ni Trianon de porcelaine. Grand Trianon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Le Grand Trianon — (Saint Didier sur Doulon,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Lugeastre Bas, 43440 Sai …   Каталог отелей

  • Trianon de marbre — Grand Trianon 48° 48′ 53″ N 2° 06′ 17″ E / 48.814722, 2.104722 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • trianon — ● trianon nom masculin (de Trianon, nom propre) Pavillon construit dans un parc à l imitation des Trianons de Versailles. Trianon nom de deux châteaux édifiés dans le parc du palais de Versailles. Le Grand Trianon fut construit en 1687 par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Trianon — puede hacer referencia a: Grand Trianon, un palacio cerca de Versailles, Francia. Petit Trianon, un palacete cerca de Versailles, Francia. Tratado de Trianon, tratado de 1920, luego de la Primera Guerra Mundial, entre los Aliados y Hungría.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Trianon — may refer to:* Le Grand Trianon, a palace near Versailles, France. * Le Petit Trianon, a villa near Versailles, France. * Treaty of Trianon, 1920 post World War I treaty between Allies and Hungary, establishing its borders * Trianon (Frankfurt am …   Wikipedia

  • Trianon —   [tria nɔ̃], Name von Lustschlössern im Park von Versailles: Grand Trianon, unter Ludwig XIV. 1687 88 von J. Hardouin Mansart für die Marquise de Maintenon erbaut (im Innern prächtige Holztäfelungen); Petit Trianon, unter Ludwig XV. von J. A.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Trianon de Porcelain — Das Grand Trianon oder auch Große Trianon ist ein Lustschloss im Park des Schlosses von Versailles bei Paris in Frankreich, das König Ludwig XIV. nach den Plänen des Architekten François Mansart für seine Mätresse Frau Maintenon errichten ließ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trianon de porcelaine — Restitution d une façade du Trianon de Porcelaine (d après descriptions anciennes). Le Trianon de porcelaine est le premier édifice construit, en 1670, sur or …   Wikipédia en Français

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