Polish, ( _lt. Radvila; _de. Radziwill; _be. Радзівіл, Radzivił; _la. Radvil) is a family of high nobility which has been powerful and important for centuries, first in the Grand Duchy of Lithuaniaand later in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Radziwiłł family received the title of " Reichsfürst" (Prince, _be. князь, kniaź _lt. kunigaikštis, _pl. książę) from the Holy Roman Empire.
Coat of arms and motto
Family motto: "The Lord is Our Counsel" (Polish: "Bóg nam radzi", Belarusian: "Бог нам раіць", "Boh nam rajić"),
Recent research suggests that the Radziwill family descended from Lithuanian bajorai-ducal
courtiers, lesser nobility, who advanced considerably in the 15th century. They are descendants from old Lithuanian Astikaifamily, that had possessions near Kernavė. Radziwiłł family's known ancestor has been a Lithuanian noble Radvila Astikas. His father Kristinas Astikaswas the first to receive Trąby Coat of Armsafter the Union of Horodłoin 1413, which became the coat of arms of the family. The first person to use Radvilaas a family name was a son of Radvila Astikas, Mikalojus Radvila, whose sons became the progenitors of the three known Radziwiłł family lines.
In Polish, the name has been spelled "Radziwiłł" now for several centuries, but it originally comes from the Lithuanian name, spelled in _lt. Radvila, plural "Radvilos". The name is spelled in _be. Радзівіл, Radzivił (plural "Радзівілы", "Radziviły").
The Radziwiłł family kept its importance and
noblestatus for over five centuries. For centuries leading representatives of the family were proctectors of Lithuanian sovereignty from a political aggression of Poland and a military aggression of Russia. They acquired and maintained great wealth and influence from 15th century-16th century until the beginning of Second World Warin 1939. The family has produced many outstanding politicians, military commanders, clergymen, cultural benefactors and entrepreneurs who left a significant mark on Lithuanian, Belarusian, Polish and general European history and culture.
A branch of Radvila Astikas' descendants became powerful
magnates and their name is remembered as one of the most famous magnate families in Grand Duchy of Lithuania (later, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). The Radziwiłł family reached the heights of its importance and power during the Golden Age of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the 16th century. Lithuanian Radziwiłłs were elevated to the title of "Reichsfürst" (Prince of the Empire), granted by Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperorafter the Jagiellonian-Habsburg congress at Viennain 1515. This title was very unusual among szlachta(Polish-Lithuanian nobility).
The oldest still-standing monuments of the Radivilias family is a gothic parish church in
Vyžuonos(cir. 1406) and gothic St. George church (cir. 1445) in the very centre of Lithuania, Kėdainiai town. The main seat of Biržai- DubingiaiRadziwiłł family line was Dubingiai Castleand since the second half of the 17th century - Biržai Castle(both in Lithuania). This line became extinct after the death of Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłłin 1695. Since the 18th century all Radziwiłłs are descendants of the Nieśwież-Ołyka Radziwiłł family line, which had its main residence at Niasvizh Castle(Nieśwież) in present-day Belarus. Other residences and properties included Mir Castle, Ołyka, Biržai, Kėdainiai, Szydłowiec, Taujėnai, Lubča, Połoneczkaand Radziwiłłów.
Due to the activities of Janusz Radziwilłł during The Deluge, the family lost much of its wealth and power.
The Radziwiłł family members include:
Mikalojus Radvila, c. 1450-1509, voivode, chancellor
* Mikolaj Radziwiłł, 1470-1521, chancellor
Jerzy Radziwiłł, 1480-1541, hetman, voivode, castellan, marshal
Mikołaj III Radziwiłł, c. 1492-1530, Bishop of Samogitia
Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł, 1512-1584, hetman, chancellor
Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł, 1515-1565, marshal, chancellor, palatineSince 1515 both Mikolajs and the Radziwill family were elevated to Reichsfürsten of the Holy Roman Empire
Barbara Radziwiłł, 1520-1550, Queen of Poland
Mikołaj VII Radziwiłł, 1546-1589, chamberlain
Krzysztof Mikołaj "the Lightning" Radziwiłł, 1547-1603, hetman
Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł1549-1616, voivode, marshall, castellan, prince
* Grzegorz Radziwiłł 1558-1600, Cardinal of
Krystyna Radziwiłł, 1560-1580
* Grzegorz Radziwiłł, 1578-1613, castellan
* Janusz Radziwiłł, 1579-1620, castellan
* Krzysztof II Radziwiłł, 1585-1640, hetman
Albert III Radziwiłł, 1589-1636, castellan
Albrycht Stanisław Radziwiłł, 1595-1656, chancellor
* Janusz Radziwiłł, 1612-1655, hetman, voivode
Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł, 1625-1680, hetman, chancellor
Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł, 1667-1695
* Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł, 1669-1719, Grand Chancellor of Lithuania
Katarzyna Barbara Radziwiłł, 1693-1730
Michał Kazimierz "Rybeńko" Radziwiłł, 1702-1762
Karol Stanisław "Panie Kochanku" Radziwiłł, 1734-1790, voivode of Vilniusand Marshal of the Bar Confederation
* Antoni Henryk Radziwiłł, 1775-1833,
Michał Gedeon Radziwiłł, 1778-1850, senator, general
Elisabeth Radziwill, cousin and desired bride of Wilhelm I, German Emperor
Catherine Radziwill, 1858-1941, Polish princess, stalked and ruined the career of Cecil Rhodes
* Janusz Radziwiłł 1880-1967, senator
Stanisław Albrecht Radziwiłł1914-1976, married Caroline Lee Bouvier, younger sister of First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy.
Anna Radziwiłł, b. 1939, Polish senator, minister, secretary of state
George Andrew Dominique Jerome Peter Leon Radziwill(1942 - 2001)
Konstanty Radziwiłłb. 1958 r., Polish doctor
Anthony Radziwill1959-1999, American filmmaker
* Anna Christina Radziwill b. 1960, Daughter of Stanislas Radziwill and Caroline Lee Bouvier (Lee Radziwill), sister of Anthony
Carole Radziwillb. 1968, widow of Anthony Radziwill, author
Roza XVI Radziwill, now Roza Broel- Platerb. December 25., 1934. Polish Princess.
Krzysztof Konstanty Radziwill
* [http://www.radziwill.com/ Radziwill Family Links and Genealogy]
* [http://www.szlachta.org/2radziwill.htm Short history of the Radziwill Family]
* [http://www.angelfire.com/mi4/polcrt/radziwill.html The Radziwill Dynasty: From Pagan Times to the 1960s]
* [http://www.radziwill.com/genealogy.htm Short Radziwill Genealogy]
* [http://www.openit.com.ua/reportage.php?id=95#1 Radziwill's castle in Olyka, Ukraine]
* [http://www.muzeum.slupsk.pl/radziwillowie/default.htm RADZIWIŁŁOWIE pędzlem i piórkiem JÓZEFA MEHOFFERA] - History and gallery from exhibition at Słupsk Museum
* [http://mok.splius.lt/~sventupis/biblioteka/Radvilos/index.htm Radziwill family website]
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