Cannone da 75/27

Cannone da 75/27

Infobox Weapon
name=Cannone da 75 modello 11


caption=Cannone da 75/27 modello 11, displayed in Hämeenlinna Artillery Museum.
origin=France
type=mountain gun
is_ranged=
is_bladed=
is_explosive=
is_artillery=yes
is_vehicle=
is_UK=
service=1912-1945
used_by=flag|Italy
flag|Nazi Germany
wars=
designer=
design_date=
manufacturer=Vickers-Terni, Armstrong
production_date=
number=
variants=
weight=convert|1076|kg|lb
length=
part_length=convert|2.132|m|in L/28.4
width=
height=
crew=
cartridge=convert|6.35|kg|lb
caliber=75 mm (2.95 in)
action=
rate=4-6 rpm
velocity=510 m/s (1,670 ft/s)
range=
max_range=convert|10240|m|yd
feed=
sights=
breech=interrupted screw
recoil=hydro-spring dual recoil
carriage=split trail
elevation=-15° to +65°
traverse=52° 9'
blade_type=
hilt_type=
sheath_type=
head_type=
haft_type=
diameter=
filling=
filling_weight=
detonation=
yield=
armour=
primary_armament=
secondary_armament=
engine=
engine_power=
pw_ratio=
suspension=
vehicle_range=
speed=

The Cannone da 75/27 modello 11 was a French-designed mountain gun produced in Italy prior to World War I. It was introduced in 1912, designed by Colonel Déport. It was taken into service by Italy for use with its Alpine and cavalry troops going into World War I, and was built there in large numbers. The gun was designed with two notable features. It was the first artillery piece to introduce the split trail, as well as the last to utilize its novel dual-recoil system. The former became a very popular feature on artillery pieces through modern day. The later, while functional, did not get repeated. The dual-recoil system consisted of a small tubular recoil under the barrel which in turn traveled in a traditional rectangular cradle. This lessened heat transfer from the gun barrel to the recoil mechanism effectively, but was not necessary for the added complexity.

Some guns had two crew seats on the front of the gun shield.

The gun was used by the Italian army throughout World War I and remained on strength well into World War II. Many pieces even saw service with German forces fighting in Northern Italy from 1943 until the end of the war, as the "7.5 cm Feldkanone 244(i)".

References

* Chamberlain, Peter & Gander, Terry. "Light and Medium Field Artillery". New York: Arco, 1975
* Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. "Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945". New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3

External Links

* [http://www.landships.freeservers.com/75mm_deport_walkaround.htm Cannone da 75/27 modello 11 on Landships]


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