Blood phobia

Blood phobia

Blood phobia (also, AE: Hemophobia, BE: Haemophobia) is the extreme and irrational fear of blood. Acute cases of this fear can cause physical reactions that are uncommon in most other fears, specifically vasovagal syncope (fainting). [cite web
title = The Merck Manual
accessdate = 2007-05-19
url = http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec15/ch196/ch196e.html
] Similar reactions can also occur with trypanophobia and traumatophobia. For this reason, these three phobias are categorized as "blood-injection-injury phobia" by the DSM-IV. [Citation
last = Lipsitz
first = JD
last2 = Barlow
first2 = DH
last3 = Mannuzza
first3 = S
last4 = Hofmann
first4 = SG
last5 = Fyer
first5 = AJ
title = Clinical features of four DSM-IV-specific phobia subtypes
journal = The Journal Of Nervous And Mental Disease
volume = 190
issue = 7
pages = 471-8
date = Jul
year = 2002
] Some early texts refer to this category as "blood-injury-illness phobia."Citation
last = Thyer
first = Bruce A.
last2 = Himle
first2 = Joseph
last3 = Curtis
first3 = George C.
title = Blood-Injury-Illness Phobia: A Review
journal = Journal Of Clinical Psychology
volume = 41
issue = 4
pages = 451-9
date = Jul
year = 1985
]

Etiology

Blood phobia is often caused by direct or vicarious trauma in childhood or adolescence. There is also a genetic component to blood phobia. [Citation
last = Neale
first = MC
last2 = Walters
first2 = EE
last3 = Eaves
first3 = LJ
last4 = Kessler
first4 = RC
last5 = Heath
first5 = AC
last6 = Kendler
first6 = KS
title = Genetics of blood-injury fears and phobias: a population-based twin study
journal = American Journal Of Medical Genetics
volume = 54
issue = 4
pages = 326-34
date = December 15, 1994
year = 1994
]

Treatment

In patients with vasovagal blood phobia, patients who are successfully treated with psychological interventions are seen as unique.Citation
last = Van Dijk
first = Nynke
last2 = Velzeboer
first2 = Simone CJM
last3 = Destrée-Vonk
first3 = Anneke
last4 = Linzer
first4 = Mark
last5 = Wieling
first5 = Wouter
title = Psychological treatment of malignant vasovagal syncope due to bloodphobia.
journal = Pacing And Clinical Electrophysiology
volume = 24
issue = 1
pages = 122-4
date = January 2001
year = 2001
] In contrast, many behavioral techniques useful in mitigating vasovagal syncope, such as applying tension to the muscles in an effort to increase blood pressure, are helpful to patients with blood phobia. [Citation
last = Peterson
first = Alan L. (Lt. Col.)
last2 = Isler III
first2 = William C. (Capt.)
title = Applied tension treatment of vasovagal syncope during pregnancy
journal = Military Medicine
volume = 169
issue = 9
pages = 751-3
date = September 2004
year = 2004
] Medical devices, such as pacemakers, are also used to treat patients with blood-phobia.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phobia — A phobia (from the Greek: φόβος, Phóbos, meaning fear or morbid fear ) is a type of anxiety disorder, usually defined as a persistent fear of an object or situation in which the sufferer commits to great lengths in avoiding, typically… …   Wikipedia

  • -phobia — The English suffixes phobia, phobic, phobe ( of Greek origin: φόβος/φοβία ) occur in technical usage in psychiatry to construct words that describe irrational, disabling fear as a mental disorder (e.g., agoraphobia), in chemistry to describe… …   Wikipedia

  • Phobia — An unreasonable sort of fear that can cause avoidance and panic. Phobias are a relatively common type of anxiety disorder. For example, extreme fear of spiders is called arachnophobia, and fear of being outside is known as agoraphobia. Phobias… …   Medical dictionary

  • phobia — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. fear, dread, aversion, revulsion, repulsion, dislike, antipathy; acrophobia, claustrophobia, etc. See insanity. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [Neurosis] Syn. fear, dread, unreasoned fear, Angst (German); see… …   English dictionary for students

  • Social phobia — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Social phobias ICD10 = ICD10|F|40|1|f|40, ICD10|F|93|2|f|90 ICD9 = ICD9|300.23 Social phobia (DSM IV 300.23), also known as social anxiety disorder [ [http://www.webmd.com/anxiety panic/guide/mental health social… …   Wikipedia

  • Brother Blood — Art by George Pérez Publication information Publisher DC Comics …   Wikipedia

  • List of characters in the Camp Half-Blood series — This is a list of characters in the Percy Jackson the Olympians series and in the The Heroes of Olympus series. Contents 1 Main characters 1.1 Perseus Jackson 1.2 Annabeth Chase …   Wikipedia

  • Fear of blood — An abnormal and persistent fear of blood. Sufferers of this very common phobia dread the sight of their own blood, the sight of the blood of another person or an animal, and sometimes printed or filmed images of blood or even thoughts of blood.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Specific phobia — A specific phobia is a generic term for any kind of anxiety disorder that amounts to an unreasonable or irrational fear related to exposure to specific objects or situations. As a result, the affected persons tend to actively avoid direct contact …   Wikipedia

  • I Drink Your Blood — est un film d horreur américain, sorti en 1970 et réalisé par David Durston. Synopsis Une bande de hippies drogués et méchants débarquent dans une petite commune pour s installer dans un hôtel abandonné. Ils partent aggresser les personnes de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”