Layback spin

Layback spin

A layback spin is an upright figure skating spin in which the head and shoulders are dropped backwards and the back arched downwards toward the ice. [cite web |url=http://www.usfigureskating.org/About.asp?id=60 |title=USFSA: Glossary of Terms |accessdate=2007-08-07 |format= |work= ] A common variation has the free leg is lifted toward the back, typically in an attitude position, with the arms held above the body. Another common difficulty variation is the Biellmann spin.

History

The spin was invented by Cecilia Colledge of Great Britain. [cite book |title=Figure Skating: Championship Techniques |last=Petkevich |first=John Misha |authorlink=John Misha Petkevich |coauthors= |year=1989 |publisher=Sports Illustrated |location= |isbn=1568000707 ]

Technique

The iconic layback position is one in which the torso is bent backwards, the free leg lifted, and the arms extended above the torso, bent in an approximation of a circle. This creates a unique impression during the spin. This position has become iconic of figure skating, showing up in logos and banners promoting figure skating events, including the Olympic Games.

A layback spin can also be performed with the torso leaning more towards the side, in which case it is known as a side layback or sideways-leaning spin. Both backwards and sideways-leaning positions in a layback spin are considered a feature that adds difficulty under the ISU Judging System.

Variations

Other variations of the layback spin include ones where the free leg is gradually lowered so that it finally almost touches the ice. If it is performed in a manner that causes the spin to accelerate, it is considered a feature that adds difficulty. Various hand and arm positions are included to create individuality and artistry in the spin, including one and two-handed leg grabs, known to the judging panel as "haircutter" spins. The layback can also be performed to the side, which, if held long enough, can be considered a difficulty variation and adds to the level. Adding a Biellmann position to a layback spin is also considered a feature that adds difficulty. It is possible to perform a back layback spin and a change layback spin, however due to the difficulty both are rare.

Another variation is the flying layback, that is, a layback spin that is entered through a jump.PDFlink|1= [http://isu.sportcentric.net/db//files/serve.php?id=482 ISU Communication No. 1445] ] Differing techniques exist for the air position, but all require the skater to leap up into the air with an arch in the back and the free leg held to the side and the skating leg tucked like a flying sit.Facts|date=November 2007 Since it is a same-foot flying spin, it requires fewer difficult features to attain a high level.Facts|date=November 2007

The flying layback spin is rarely performed because of the physical danger posed by landing with a hyperextended spine and the fact that few coaches know how the move is performed. However, some skaters such as Choi Ji Eun have been successfully credited with flying layback spins in competition.PDFlink| [http://www.isufs.org/results/jgpjpn2005/jgpjpn05_Ladies_FS_scores.pdf ISU Junior Grand Prix SBC Cup Ladies Free Skating Protocol] |50.7 KiB ]

In competition

In competitive figure skating, the layback or sideways-leaning spin is a required element for ladies in the short program. Few male skaters perform this spin because it is not a required element at any level of men's competition. In addition, most males lack the back flexibility required by the position (a problem that is known to plague some female skaters as well). Male skaters to perform the layback in competition include Daisuke Takahashi.

The spin is usually taught initially as the attitude spin, with only the leg behind in an attitude position. Once the skater can balance in that position, which is rather awkward at first, the skaters begin practicing the spin with an arch.

In the ISU Judging System, the layback spin is valued higher than other single position spins of the same nature (e.g. change of foot, flying entrance).PDFlink| [http://www.isu.org/vsite/vfile/page/fileurl/0,11040,4844-179501-196719-109218-0-file,00.pdf ISU Communication No. 1396] |187 KiB ]

Gallery

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • layback — noun a) A spin in which the head and shoulders are dropped backwards and the back arched downwards toward the ice. Also called a layback spin b) A maneuver to scale a vertical crack, by pulling with the arms and jamming the legs underneath, and… …   Wiktionary

  • layback — lay·back (lāʹbăck ) n. A spin in figure skating in which the skater s upper body is arched backward. * * * …   Universalium

  • Upright spin — The Upright spin is one of the three basic figure skating spin positions. It is defined as a spin position with an extended skating leg which is not a camel position. [PDFlink|1= [http://isu.sportcentric.net/db//files/serve.php?id=482 ISU… …   Wikipedia

  • Camel spin — A camel spin, also known in Europe as a parallel spin, is one of the three basic figure skating spins, along with the sit spin and upright spin. The basic camel spin position is defined as one in which the free leg is extended backwards with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Biellmann spin — The Biellmann spin is a figure skating spin in which the skater executes a one foot spin while holding the other foot extended over their head and behind them, with both hands, forming a teardrop shape with the body. The spin has also been… …   Wikipedia

  • Figure skating spins — Spins are an element in figure skating where the skater rotates, centered on a single point on the ice, while holding one or more body positions. The skater rotates on the part of the blade just behind the toe pick, with the weight on the ball of …   Wikipedia

  • Glossary of figure skating terms — The following is a list of figure skating terms, sorted alphabetically. Contents: Top   0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z   …   Wikipedia

  • List of figure skating terms — The following is a list of figure skating terms, sorted alphabetically.0–9;4CC: An abbreviation for the Four Continents Figure Skating Championships;6.0: The highest score possible under the 6.0 scoring system.;6.0 Scoring System: The scoring… …   Wikipedia

  • ISU Judging System — A demonstration of how skaters are scored under Code of Points. The ISU Judging System (also called Code of Points (CoP) or the International Judging System (IJS)), is the scoring system currently used to judge the figure skating disciplines of… …   Wikipedia

  • Caroline Zhang — Infobox Figure skater title= Caroline Zhang caption= Zhang and her coach Li Mingzhu at the 2007 Grand Prix Final. country= USA dateofbirth= birth date and age|1993|05|20 residence= height= convert|158|cm|ftin|abbr=on coach= Li Ming Zhu, Sondra… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”