Jamadagni, (Hindi: जमदग्नी) was one of the Saptarishis (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the seventh, i.e the present Manvantara [http://www.sacred-texts.com/tantra/maha/maha00.htm Inhabitants of the Worlds] Mahanirvana Tantra, translated by Arthur Avalon, (Sir John Woodroffe), 1913, Introduction and Preface. The Rishi are seers who know, and by their knowledge are the makers of shastra and "see" all mantras. The word comes from the root rish Rishati-prapnoti sarvvang mantrang jnanena pashyati sangsaraparangva, etc. The seven great Rishi or saptarshi of the first manvantara are Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha. In other manvantara there are other "sapta-rshi". In the present manvantara the seven are Kashyapa, "Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Bharadvaja". To the Rishi the Vedas were revealed. Vyasa taught the Rigveda so revealed to Paila, the Yajurveda to Vaishampayana, the Samaveda to Jaimini, Atharvaveda to Samantu, and Itihasa and Purana to Suta. The three chief classes of Rishi are the Brah-marshi, born of the mind of Brahma, the Devarshi of lower rank, and Rajarshi or Kings who became Rishis through their knowledge and austerities, such as Janaka, Ritaparna, etc. Thc Shrutarshi are makers of Shastras, as Sushruta. The Kandarshi are of the Karmakanda, such as Jaimini.] . He was a descendant of the sage Bhrigu, one of the Prajapatis cretaed by Brahma, the God of Creation.

Jamadagni has several children with wife Renuka, the youngest of whom was Parashurama, an Avatara of Lord Vishnu.

Execution of Renuka

Renuka was such very devoted wife and the power of her chastity was manifest. Such was this power, that she used to fetch water from the river in a pot made of unbaked clay every day. The pot would hold together because of her devotion to her husband.

One day, when she was at the river, a handsome Gandharva happened to be passing by in the sky, in his chariot. Smitten with desire for this handsome youth, for merely an instant, the damage to her powers was done. The unbaked pot that she was carrying, dissolved into the river. She was no longer chaste of mind. Afraid to go back to her husband, she waited at the river bank.

Meanwhile Jamadagni, who was waiting for fresh water to begin his morning sacrifices, noticed that his wife had not yet returned from the river. By his yogic powers, he divined all that had taken place. Exceedingly angry with his wife, he called his eldest son, told him what had happened and asked him to execute his mother. Horror-stricken, his son refused to perform this deed. He then asked all of his sons, in the order of their seniority, to execute their mother. While all the elder sons refused (and so Sage Jamadagni turned them to stone), only his youngest son, Parashurama, ever-obedient and righteous, at once beheaded his mother with his axe.

Jamadagni, pleased, offered to grant two boons to Parashurama, who at once asked that his mother be restored to life and his brothers to be unturned from stone and accepted into the family again. Impressed by his son's devotion and affection for his family, Jamadagni granted this boon and many others.

Jamadagni was later killed by a Kshatriya king Kartavirya Arjuna, over a dispute over a divine calf named Sushila.


ee also

*Kartavirya Arjuna

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • palasti-jamadagní — पलस्तिजमदग्नि …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Джамадагни — (Jamadagni) один из семи мифических рши (rshi), или великих индийских мудрецов, живших в седьмой Манвантаре, т. е. в современном периоде. История его рассказывается в Махабхарате …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Джамадагни — Джамадагни  один из семи мудрецов (саптариши), брамин, подвижник из рода Бхаргавов, отец Парашурамы, аватары Вишну. Один из героев «Маха …   Википедия

  • Parashurama — Parashurama, a Brahman (Sanskrit: परशुराम) or Parasurama ( Axe wielding Rama ), the sixth avatar of Vishnu, belongs to the Treta yuga, and is the son of Jamadagni and Renuka. Parashu means axe, hence his name literally means Rama with the axe. He …   Wikipedia

  • Renuka — or Yellamma is worshiped as the goddess (devi) of the fallen, in the Hindu pantheon. Yellamma is a patron goddess of many down trodden people such as the dalits, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and backward castes. Her devotees have revered… …   Wikipedia

  • Bhargava — (Devanagari: भार्गव) is a surname of Brahmins. That is, those who are descendants of Muni bhR^igu (Bhrigu). भृगोः अपत्यानि पुमांसः भार्गवाः , which means that the progeny of Bhrigu are Bhargavas . The Lineage (Mahabharata, Book 1, Chapter 66) The …   Wikipedia

  • Saptarshi — The Saptarishi (सप्तर्षि saptarṣi a Sanskrit dvigu meaning seven sages ) are the seven rishis who are extolled at many places in the Vedas and Hindu literature. The Vedic Samhitas never actually enumerate these rishis by name, though later Vedic… …   Wikipedia

  • Bhargava Rama — This article deals with the historical aspects of Bhargava Rama. To know about the mythological aspects of Bhargava Rama and his role in Hinduism, see Parashurama. Bhargava Rama was a Brahmin warrior in the lineage of Bhrigus. He was also known… …   Wikipedia

  • Kartavirya Arjuna — In Hindu mythology, Kartavirya Arjuna (Sanskrit: कार्तवीर्य अर्जुन, IAST: Kārtavīrya Arjuna), was a legendary king of an ancient kingdom during the Ramayana period with capital at Mahishamati which is on the banks of Narmada River in the current… …   Wikipedia

  • Dashavatara — Dashavatar redirects here. For other uses, see Dashavatar (disambiguation). The ten avatars of Vishnu, (Clockwise, from top left) Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Vamana, Krishna, Kalki, Buddha, Parshurama, Rama and Narasimha, (in centre) Krishna… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”