- Aging out
Aging out is
popular culture vernacularused to describe anytime a youthleaves a formal system of care designed to provide services below a certain age level.
There are a variety of applications of the phrase throughout the
youth developmentfield. [Pittman, K. (1996) [http://www.forumfyi.org/_portaldoc.cfm?LID=F2232618-29FD-4168-8F467E23E22BCDF4&CID=B7FCD51F-8A51-49D1-8F4EEC2F342E311E "Aging Out or Aging In?"] "Youth Today." January 1996. Retrieved 5/8/07.] In respect to foster care, aging out is the process of a youthtransitioning from the formal control of the foster caresystem towards independent living. It is used to describe anytime a foster youth leaves the varying factors of foster care, including home, school and financial systems. [(2006) [http://www.state.nd.us/humanservices/policymanuals/62410-508/624_10_55.htm Trial Home Visits in Relation to "Aging Out of Foster Care" 624-10-01-40-05] . State of North Dakota. Retrieved 5/8/07.] The United States Citizenship and Immigration Servicesdefines an "aging out" case as, "a situation referring to a person’s petition to become a permanent legal residentas a child, and in the time that passes during the processing of the application, the child turns 21 and ages out. [(nd) [How Do I Prevent My Child From Losing Benefits at Age 21 ("Aging Out")?] United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. Retrieved 5/8/07.]
Often used to highlight the problems traditional foster care approaches face, aging out affects foster youth in a variety of ways. An estimated 30,000 adolescents age out of the foster care system each year in the United States. [Brackett, E. (2005) [http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/youth/jan-june05/foster_care_5-19.html Aging Out of Foster Care] , "Newshour" television show, PBS.
May 19, 2005. Retrieved 5/8/07.] The Child Welfare League of Americareports that as many as 36 percent of foster youth who have aged out of the system become homeless, 56 percent become unemployed, 27 percent of male former foster youth become jailed. [(nd) [http://www.cwla.org/programs/fostercare/agingoutresources.htm Programs and Resources for Youth Aging Out of Foster Care] . Child Welfare League of America. Retrieved May 8, 2007.] The " San Francisco Chronicle" reports that less than half of emancipated youth who have aged out graduate from high school, compared to 85 percent of all 18-to-24-year-olds; fewer than 1 in 8 graduate from a four-year college; two-thirds had not maintained employment for a year; fewer than 1 in 5 was completely self-supporting; more than a quarter of the males spent time in jail; and four of 10 had become parents as a result of an unplanned pregnancy. [(2005) [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2005/12/22/EDGABGB5LE1.DTL Foster care -- hope emerges. Reform efforts gain momentum.] "San Francisco Chronicle." 12/22/05. Retrieved 5/8/07.]
Title Xof the Public Health Service Actstarted providing for the federal family planningprogram, designed to provide resources for health services and counselingto low-incomeor uninsured individuals who may otherwise lack access to health care, including young people aging out of foster care. The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development's Family Unification Program, or FUP, provides Housing Choice Vouchers to young people aging out of the foster care system.
Administration for Children's Services, or ACS, and the federal Office of Housing Policy and Development, in cooperation with the New York City Housing Authority, has a Section 8 Priority Code for young people aging out of the foster care system. [(nd) [http://www.cwla.org/programs/fostercare/agingoutresources.htm Programs and Resources for Youth Aging Out of Foster Care] . Child Welfare League of America. Retrieved May 8, 2007.]
In 1999, President Clinton signed the
Foster Care Independence Act, which doubled federal funding for independent livingprograms and provides funding for drug abuse preventionand health insurancefor former foster care youth until age 21.Rhodes, L. (2006) " [http://www.connectforkids.org/node/4298 Young writers finding a powerful voice.] " Retrieved 5/8/07.]
* [http://www.pbs.org/wnet/agingout/index-hi.html Aging Out - 2004 PBS Documentary]
* [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0395441/maindetails IMDB Page for Aging Out Documentary]
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