James Kirke Paulding

James Kirke Paulding

Infobox US Cabinet official
name=James Kirke Paulding



image_width=220px
order=11th
title=United States Secretary of the Navy
term_start=July 1, 1838
term_end=March 4, 1841
predecessor=Mahlon Dickerson
successor=George E. Badger
birth_date=birth date|1778|8|22|mf=y
birth_place=New York, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1860|4|6|1778|8|22|mf=y
death_place=Hyde Park, New York, U.S.
party=Democratic-Republican
spouse=
profession=Politician, Writer
religion=

James Kirke Paulding (August 22, 1778 – April 6, 1860) was a novelist and the United States Secretary of the Navy.

Biography

James Kirke Paulding was born on August 22, 1778, [Nelson, Randy F. "The Almanac of American Letters". Los Altos, California: William Kaufmann, Inc., 1981: 45. ISBN 086576008X] in the state of New York, the son of William Paulding, Paulding was chiefly self-educated. He became a friend of Washington Irving and was part author with him of "Salmagundi"—a continuation of which by himself proved a failure. Along with Irving, Paulding was associated with the "Knickerbocker group", a group which also included William Cullen Bryant, Gulian Crommelin Verplanck, Fitz-Greene Halleck, Joseph Rodman Drake, Robert Charles Sands, Lydia M. Child, and Nathaniel Parker Willis. [Nelson, Randy F. "The Almanac of American Letters". Los Altos, California: William Kaufmann, Inc., 1981: 30. ISBN 086576008X]

Paulding's other writings also include "The Diverting History of John Bull and Brother Jonathan" (1812), a satire, "The Dutchman's Fireside" (1831), a romance which attained popularity, a "Life of Washington" (1835), and some poems. In the decade before Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper achieved popular success, Paulding experimented in every genre in an effort to forge a new American literature. Thereafter, his outstanding contributions were in the novel and in a stage comedy. "Koningsmarke" (1823), which he began as a spoof of Walter Scott's historical romances, took unexpected hold of his imagination and became a well-turned novel, notable for its portrait of an old black woman that anticipates William Faulkner and for its sympathetic yet unromanticized depiction of the Indian. "Lion of the West," selected in a play competition in which William Cullen Bryant was one of the judges, presented a cartoon of Davy Crockett; it was the most-often performed play on the American stage before "Uncle Tom's Cabin", and an altered version enjoyed success in London. Paulding's "View of Slavery in the United States" (1836) was a comprehensive defense of both Black slavery and America's claim to be a bastian of liberty against the attacks of abolitionists and European critics.

Among Paulding's government positions were those of secretary to the Board of Navy Commissioners in 1815-23 and Naval Agent in New York in 1824-38. President Martin Van Buren appointed him Secretary of the Navy in June 1838. As Secretary, he was a conservative figure, whose extensive knowledge of naval affairs was balanced by notable lack of enthusiasm for new technology. He opposed the introduction of steam propelled warships declaring that he would "never consent to let our old ships perish, and transform our Navy into a fleet of (steam) sea monsters." Nevertheless, his tenure was marked by advances in steam engineering, wide-ranging exploration efforts, enlargement of the fleet and an expansion of the Navy's apprenticeship program.

Paulding left office with the change of administrations in March 1841, returned to literary pursuits and took up agriculture. He died at his farm near Hyde Park, New York.

USS "James K. Paulding" (DD-238) was named in honor of Secretary of the Navy Paulding.

Important works

* 1807-1808 - "Salmagundi" (with Washington Irving)
* 1812 - "The Diverting History of John Bull and Brother Jonathan'
* 1813 - "The Lay of the Scottish Fiddle"
* 1818 - "The Backwoodsman"
* 1820 - "Salmagundi. Second Series"
* 1822 - "A Sketch of Old England by a New England Man"
* 1823 - "Koningsmarke, the Long Finne"
* 1825 - "John Bull in America, or the New Munchausen"
* 1826 - "The Merry Tales of the Three Wise Men of Gotham"
* 1828 - "The New Mirror for Travellers"
* 1829 - "Tales of the Good Woman, by a Doubtful Gentleman"
* 1830 - "Chronicles of the City of Gotham"
* 1831 - "The Dutchman's Fireside"
* 1832 - "Westward Ho!"
* 1835 - "Life of George Washington"
* 1836 - "View of Slavery in the United States"
* 1837 - "The Book of St. Nicholas"
* 1838 - "A Gift from Fairy Land"
* 1846 - "The Old Continental, or the Price of Liberty"
* 1849 - "The Puritan and his Daughter"

References

ources

*A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature
*PD-NHC
*DANFS


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Look at other dictionaries:

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