A king is a male
monarch, or a head of state, who may or may not, depending on the style of government of a nation, exercise monarchal powers over a territory, usually called a kingdomor a realm. A king is the second highest noble title, surpassed only by emperor. A female monarch is a queen regnant; the term "queen" may refer to one ruling in her own right, or the wife of the king. The husband of a queen regnant is a prince consortor a king consort. A king or queen may wear a crown or carry other regalia(symbols of office).
Historically the term "king" has been used for the rulers of very small peoples and territories. Such a king (Sumerian "
lugal", Semitic " sharrum", Latin " rex", Greek " basileus", Sanskrit " raja", Germanic " kuningaz") could be a tribal leader or chief, or the tyrantof a city state. Often, the king will not only have a political function, but the same time a religious one, acting as high priestor divine king.
Tribal leaders continue to be referred to as king also into the modern period, e.g.
Maquinna, king of perhaps 2000 Nootkapeople in the early 19th century.
Examples of kings
For examples of kings see the following lists:
List of Kings of Ani List of kings of the Angles List of Arakan kings List of Armenian Kings
List of Kings of Babylon List of rulers of Bithynia List of Kings of Bohemia List of British monarchs List of Kings of Burundi
List of Kings of Cambodia List of Kings of Cappadocia List of Kings of Cyrene
List of Dacian kings List of Kings of Dál Riata List of kings of Denmark
List of kings of Epirus List of English monarchs
List of Frankish kings
List of the Kings of Georgia
List of Hittite kings
List of Kings of Iraq List of High Kings of Ireland King of Italy List of Irish Kings List of Kings of India
List of Kings of Judea
Monarchs of Laos List of kings of Lesotho List of Kings of Lydia
List of kings of Macedon King of Mann List of Kings of Mauretania List of Meitei kings
List of kings of Norway List of Kings of Numidia
List of rulers of the Yoruba state of Oyo
List of Paionian kings List of kings of Persia List of Kings of Pontus List of Kings of Poland
List of Kings of Portugal
List of kings of Rwanda List of kings of Saudi Arabia List of Kings of Strathclyde List of kings of Swaziland
List of kings of Sweden
List of Kings of Thailand List of Tripuri Kings List of kings of Tyre
List of Kings of Urartu
List of Kings of the Visigoths
List of Zulu kings
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.