Edwin R. Gilliland

Edwin R. Gilliland

Infobox_Scientist
name = Edwin Richard Gilliland


image_width =
caption =
birth_date = birth date|1909|07|10
birth_place = El Reno, Oklahoma
death_date = death date and age|1973|03|10|1909|07|10
death_place = Belmont, Massachusetts
residence = Arlington, Massachusetts
citizenship = American
nationality = American
ethnicity =
field = Chemical engineering
work_institution = MIT
alma_mater = University of Illinois
MIT
doctoral_advisor = Thomas K. Sherwood
doctoral_students =
known_for = Fractional distillation columns
fluidized catalytic cracking
author_abbreviation_bot =
author_abbreviation_zoo =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Edwin Richard Gilliland (1909–1973) was an American chemical engineer and Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Gilliland was born on July 10, 1909 in El Reno, Oklahoma and moved with his family to Little Rock, Arkansas in 1918. He graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with a B.S. in 1930 and an M.S. from the Pennsylvania State University in 1931. He received his Sc.D. from MIT in 1933 under the direction of Thomas K. Sherwood for work on a wetted-wall column technique used in mass-transfer. With Professor Warren K. Lewis, Gilliland developed mathematical analyses of fractional distillation columns and both developed fluidized catalytic cracking techniques. He consulted extensively with Exxon, Merck, Goodyear, General Electric, and Nestle and also served as the President and CEO of Ionics, Inc. between 1946 and 1971.

Gilliland also held several appointed offices in public service. He was the Assistant Rubber Director for the War Production Board between 1942 and 1944, Deputy Chief of the Chemical Engineering division of the National Defense Research Committee, Deputy Chairman of the Guided Missiles Committee on the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the President's Science Advisory Committee under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1948 and the National Academy of Engineering in 1965.

Gilliland married Ann Frances Miller in 1938 and had one daughter, Gail.

References

*cite web|url=http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=578&page=97 |title=Memorial Tributes: National Academy of Engineering, Volume 1 (1979) |publisher=National Academies Press |accessdate=2007-04-22 |author=P.L. Thibaut Brian


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gilliland — is a surname and may refer to:*Alexis A. Gilliland (born 1931), American science fiction writer and cartoonist *Allan Gilliland (born 1965), Canadian composer *Butch Gilliland (born 1958), American race car driver *Charles L. Gilliland (1933… …   Wikipedia

  • Fluid catalytic cracking — (FCC) is the most important conversion process used in petroleum refineries. It is widely used to convert the high boiling hydrocarbon fractions of petroleum crude oils to more valuable gasoline, olefinic gases and other products.cite book|author …   Wikipedia

  • Eugene Houdry — (April 18, 1892 July 18, 1962) was a French mechanical engineer who invented catalytic cracking of petroleum feed stocks. He originally focused on using lignite (brown coal) as a feedstock, but switched to using heavy liquid tars after moving to… …   Wikipedia

  • Warren K. Lewis — Warren Kendall Lewis (21 August 1882 9 March 1975) was an MIT professor who has been called the father of modern chemical engineering [http://www.nap.edu/html/biomems/wlewis.html Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Science] ] . He co… …   Wikipedia

  • Hugo Award — Prix Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo. Cet article fait partie de la série …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hugo Awards — Prix Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo. Cet article fait partie de la série …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hugo awards — Prix Hugo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo. Cet article fait partie de la série …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix Hugo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hugo. Le prix Hugo (Hugo Award), dont le titre original est Science Fiction Achievement Award, est décerné chaque année aux meilleurs récits de science fiction ou de fantasy de langue anglaise publiés l année… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert B. Fall — Infobox US Cabinet official name=Albert Bacon Fall order=28th title=United States Secretary of the Interior term start=March 5, 1921 term end=March 4, 1923 predecessor=John Barton Payne successor=Hubert Work birth date=birth date|1861|11|26|mf=y… …   Wikipedia

  • Members of the South Dakota State Senate — These tables are historical listings of state senators who served in the South Dakota Senate from statehood in 1889 until the present. Key to Party Colors for the South Dakota Senate Democratic Fusion Independent Non Partisan Populist Republican… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”