Isaac Cardoso

Isaac Cardoso

Isaac (Fernando) Cardoso was a Jewish physician, philosopher, and polemic writer. He was born of Marrano parents at Celorico in the province of Beira, Portugal in 1603 or 1604 and died at Verona in 1683. He was a brother of Abraham Michael (Miguel) Cardoso.

After studying medicine, philosophy, and natural sciences at Salamanca, he settled as physician at Valladolid in 1632, but was soon called as chief physician ("physico mor") to Madrid. While there he published in 1632 a lecture on Vesuvius and on the causes of the earthquake, and in 1635 a treatise on the color green, which he dedicated to Isabel Henriques, who was celebrated in the academies of Madrid for her intellect, and who lived later in Amsterdam. In the latter year he also composed a funeral discourse for Lope de Vega, which was dedicated to the Duke de Sessa, and a treatise on the uses of cold water, printed in 1637, and dedicated to King Philip IV of Spain. Fernando (his Marrano name) left Spain, probably to escape from the Inquisition, and went with his brother Miguel, who had also studied medicine, to Venice, where both openly embraced Judaism, Fernando changing his name to "Isaac." After a short stay in Venice he settled in Verona, where he remained until his death, highly honored by Jews and Christians.

Aside from the works already mentioned, Cardoso published a comprehensive treatise on cosmogony, physics, medicine, philosophy, theology, and natural sciences, printed at Venice in 1673 under the title "Philosophia Libera in Septem Libros Distributa", and dedicated to the doge and senate of that city. In this work, which critically discusses the various philosophical systems, he appears as a decided opponent of the Kabbalah and of the pseudo-Messiah Sabbatai Zevi, although his brother Miguel was an adherent. Isaac also ridiculed the kabbalistic, Pythagorean doctrine of the transmigration of souls.

This "learned, God-fearing physician," as he is designated by the pious Moses Chagis ("Mishnat Chakamim", p. 120a) defended his coreligionists in his great work, "Las Excelencias y Calunias de los Hebreos", printed in 1679 at Amsterdam, and dedicated March 17, 1678, to Jacob de Pinto. In ten chapters he emphasizes the "excelencias" (distinguishing features) of the Jews, their selection by God, their separation from all other peoples by special laws, their compassion for the sufferings of others, their philanthropy, chastity, faith, etc.; and in ten other chapters he refutes the "calunias" (calumnies) brought against them; viz., that they worship false gods, smell badly, are hard and unfeeling toward other peoples, have corrupted Scripture, blaspheme holy images and the host, kill Christian children and use the blood for ritual purposes. This work, which was celebrated by the rabbi J. Brieli of Mantua in a Hebrew sonnet ("Otzar Nechmad," iii. 167), was sent by Cardoso soon after its appearance, July 23, 1679, to the rabbi Samuel Aboab in Venice, asking for an opinion. Aboab answered July 31, thanking him for the splendid gift. In another letter to Aboab, December 24, 1679, he gave his views on the derivation of some Spanish words from persons mentioned in the Bible. According to De Barrios, Cardoso also published "Varias Poesias" (1680).


*Yerushalmi, Yosef Hayim, "From Spanish Court to Italian Ghetto: Isaac Cardoso: a Study in Seventeenth-Century Marranism and Jewish Apologetics". Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981. ISBN 0295958243

External links

*JewishEncyclopedia|article=Cardoso, Isaac (Fernando)|author=Richard Gottheil and Meyer Kayserling|url=
*es icon [ Brief biography]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isaac Cardoso — Fernando o Isaac Cardoso (Celorico, Beira, 1603 ó 1604, Verona, 1683), médico y filósofo preilustrado hispanoportugués. Biografía Nacido de padres judeoconversos, pero no en Lisboa, como creyó José Amador de los Ríos, sino en la Beira portuguesa …   Wikipedia Español

  • CARDOSO — (Cardozo), ex Marrano family, known to have lived in Morocco from 1540 onward. ISAAC NUÑES CARDOSO (18th century), born in Gibraltar, became dragoman for Sultan Muhammad ibn Abdallah. He acted as mediator in certain agreements concluded between… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac de Pinto — (* 1717 in Amsterdam; † 14. August 1787 in Den Haag) war ein niederländischer Jude von portugiesischer Abstammung. Er trat als Philosoph, Gelehrter, Ökonom, Politiker und Geschäftsmann recht vielseitig in Erscheinung. Als Financier war er zudem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac de Castro Tartas — (ca. 1623, Tartas, Gascony mdash;OldStyleDate|December 22|1647|December 15, Lisbon) was a Marrano and Jewish martyr.Castro Tartas was born in France, where his parents had found refuge. He was a brother of David Castro Tartas, and a relative of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people sharing the name Cardoso — Cardoso is a common Portuguese surname shared by several notable people, among them being:* Anderson Sebastião Cardoso (born 1981), Brazilian central defender * Antonio Dias Cardoso (1933–2006), Angolan politician and writer * Amadeo de Souza… …   Wikipedia

  • CARDOZO (Cardoso), ISAAC — (Fernando; 1604–1681), Marrano physician and philosopher; brother of   abraham miguel cardozo . Born in Trancoso, Portugal, Cardozo studied at Salamanca and was accorded the title of phisico mayor ( chief physician ) by Philip IV. After… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham Miguel Cardoso — Abraham Miguel Cardozo (also Cardoso; c. 1630–1706) was a Shabbethaian prophet and physician born in Spain. A descendant of the Marranos in the Portuguese city of Celorico, he studied medicine together with his brother Fernando Isaac, and while… …   Wikipedia

  • ALFANDARI, ḤAYYIM BEN ISAAC RAPHAEL — (c. 1660–1733), kabbalist and rabbi. He lived at Brusa, Turkey, where in 1681 he met (Abraham Miguel Cardozo (Cardoso)( . According to the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CARDOZO (Cardoso), ABRAHAM MIGUEL — (1626–1706), an outstanding leader of the Shabbatean movement and brother of isaac cardozo . Cardozo was born in Rio Seco, Spain, to a Marrano family. He studied medicine at the University of Salamanca and, according to his own testimony, two… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Historia de la ciencia y la tecnología en España — Fragmento del Atlas catalán de Abraham Cresques, 1375. Historia de la ciencia y la tecnología en España es la denominación …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”