Emperor Gaozong of Song

Emperor Gaozong of Song

Emperor Gaozong (June 12, 1107 – November 9, 1187), born Zhao Gou, was the tenth emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of the Southern Song. He reigned from 1127 to 1162. He fled south after the Jurchens overran Kaifeng in the Jingkang Incident, hence the beginning of the Southern Song dynasty 1127-1279. Gaozong re-established his seat of government in Lin'an (臨安; today's Hangzhou, 杭州).

Biography

Gaozong was the 5th son of Emperor Huizong and the younger half-brother of Emperor Qinzong. His mother was a concubine from the Wei (韋) family who later became empress dowager, and is known posthumously as Empress Xianren (顯仁皇后) (1080-1159).

During his reign, Jurchens often attacked the Southern Song empire. Initially, he used military officials such as Li Gang, Yue Fei, Han Shizhong and Yu Yunwen to hold the Jurchens at bay. However, after years of fighting and significant military success, Gaozong settled on a pacifist stance. One of the major reasons behind this was that Gaozong and the premier Qin Hui did not want the Song army to defeat the Jurchens, as this might result in Emperor Qinzong being restored to the throne. As a result, Gaozong and Qin plotted to frame Yue Fei for some ambiguous offence and had him put to death. General Han Shizhong was also dismissed from his military duties. Gaozong then signed the Treaty of Shaoxing with the Jurchens which further ceded huge amounts of territories to the Jurchens in the hope of appeasement.

Gaozong was also a notable poet, and had significant influence on other Chinese poets. Among his surviving works is "Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain" (left).

Gaozong abdicated in 1162 after reigning for more than 35 years but lived on until 1187. He was 80 when he died. His temple name means "High Ancestor".

ee also

* Yue Fei
*List of Song Emperors
*Architecture of the Song Dynasty
*Culture of the Song Dynasty
*Economy of the Song Dynasty
*History of the Song Dynasty
*Society of the Song Dynasty
*Technology of the Song Dynasty


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emperor Xiaozong of Song — Emperor Xiaozong (November 27, 1127 ndash; June 28, 1194) was the eleventh emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the second emperor of the Southern Song. His personal name was Zhao Shen. He reigned from 1162 to 1189. His temple name means… …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Taizong of Song — Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 15 November 976 – 8 May 997 ( 1000000000000002000000020 years, 10000000000000174000000174 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Zhenzong of Song — Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 8 May 997 23 March 1022 ( 1000000000000002400000024 years, 10000000000000319000000319 days) Pre …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Qinzong of Song — Zhao Huan Emperor of Northern Song Dynasty Later Marquess of Zhonghun 重昏侯 Reign 19 January 1126 – 9 January 1127[1] Spouse Empress Renhuai …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Taizu of Song — Zhao Kuangyin Emperor of the Northern Song Dynasty Reign 4 February 960 – 14 November 976 ( 1000000000000001600000016 years, 10000000000000284000000284 days) Spouse Empre …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Duzong of Song — Zhao Mengqi 趙孟启 Emperor of Southern Song Dynasty Reign November 16, 1264–August 12, 1274 ( 100000000000000090000009 years, 10000000000000269000000269 days) Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Duanzong of Song — Zhao Shi 趙昰 Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty Reign 14 June 1276 – 8 May 1278 ( 100000000000000010000001 year, 10000000000000328000000328 days) Pr …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Huizong of Song — Chinese Emperor birth=2 November, 1082 death=4 June, 1135 family name=Zhao () begin reign=24 February, 1101 end reign=18 January, 1126¹ dynasty=Song () given name=Ji () temple name=Huizong () posthumous name short=Never used short posthumous name …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Ningzong of Song — Zhao Kuo Reign July 24, 1194–September 17. 1224 ( 1000000000000003000000030 years, 1000000000000005500000055 days) Predecessor Emperor Guangzong Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Zhezong of Song — Birth and death: 4 January 1076–23 February 1100 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”