- Hennepin County, Minnesota
Infobox U.S. County
county = Hennepin County
state = Minnesota
founded year =
founded date = March 6
seat wl = Minneapolis
largest city wl = Minneapolis
area_total_sq_mi = 606
area_total_km2 = 1571
area_land_sq_mi = 557
area_land_km2 = 1442
area_water_sq_mi = 50
area_water_km2 = 129
area percentage = 8.21%
census yr = 2000
pop = 1116200
density_sq_mi = 2005
density_km2 = 774
time zone = Central
UTC offset = -6
DST offset = -5
web = www.hennepin.us
named for =
Louis Hennepin, a Franciscan missionary, explorer, and author.
Hennepin County is the most populous
countyin the U.S. stateof Minnesota. The county is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east and north and the Minnesota Riveron the south. Hennepin County is at the center of seven-county Minneapolis-St. Paul, the sixteenth largest metropolitan areain the United States with about 3.2 million residents. The U.S. Census Bureauestimated the population of Hennepin County at 1,122,093 in 2006. [cite web|url=http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?-ds_name=PEP_2006_EST&-mt_name=PEP_2006_EST_GCTT1_ST2&-geo_id=04000US27&-format=ST-2&-tree_id=806&-context=gct | title=2006 Census Estimates | publisher=U.S. Census Bureau | date=2006 |accessdate=2008-07-07] The county seatis MinneapolisGR|6, the largest city in the state. The center of populationof Minnesota is located in the city of Rogers [ [http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt Population and Population Centers by State: 2000] ] .
The county is named in honor of the 17th-century French explorer Father
Louis Hennepin. A Franciscan missionary, explorer, and author, his early published account of Saint Anthony Fallsand the subsequent milling enterprise put Hennepin County ahead of nearby Ramsey County and Saint Paul, the state's capital.
Hennepin County was created in 1852 by the Minnesota Territorial Legislature. Father
Louis Hennepin's name was chosen as he originally named Saint Anthony Fallsand recorded some of the earliest accounts of the area for the Western world. Hennepin County's early history is closely linked to the establishment of the cities of Minneapolis and St. Anthony. [cite web | url = http://www.mpls.lib.mn.us/history/index.asp | title = History of Minneapolis | author = JoEllen Haugo and Mary Jo Laakso | publisher = Minneapolis Public Library | date= 2001 | accessdate = 2007-09-07]
Law and government
Like all counties in Minnesota, Hennepin is governed by an elected and
nonpartisanboard of commissioners. In Minnesota, county commissions usually have five members, but Hennepin, Ramsey, and St Louis counties have seven members. Each commissioner represents a district of equal population. In Hennepin the county commission appoints the medical examiner, county auditor- treasurerand . The sheriffand county attorney are also elected on a nonpartisan ticket. The county government's headquarters are in downtownMinneapolis in the Hennepin County Government Center. The county oversees the Hennepin County Librarysystem, which in 2008 merged with and incorporated the Minneapolis Public Librarysystem.
The county commission elects a chair who presides at meetings.Commissioners as of February 2008
2000= 1116200As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,116,200 people, 456,129 households, and 267,291 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 2,005 people per square mile (774/km²). There were 468,824 housing units at an average density of 842 per square mile (325/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.53% White, 8.95% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 4.80% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.06% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. 4.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.8% were of German, 12.0% Norwegian, 7.6% Irish and 7.2% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.There were 456,129 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.40% were non-families. 31.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $51,711, and the median income for a family was $65,985. Males had a median income of $42,466 versus $32,400 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $28,789. About 5.00% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.
Hennepin County is the wealthiest county in the state of Minnesota and one of 100
Highest-income counties in the United States.
Cities and towns
† While mostly in Hennepin County, the city extends beyond the county border.
‡ Located in another county, but a part of the city extends into Hennepin County.
Colleges and universities
University of St. ThomasBusiness and Law schools
Dunwoody College of Technologyin downtown west, Minneapolis
Hennepin Technical Collegein Brooklyn Park, Eden Prairie, and Plymouth
Minneapolis Community and Technical Collegein downtown west, Minneapolis
Metropolitan State Universityin Minneapolis
North Central University
Normandale Community College
College of St. CatherineMinneapolis Campus
Minneapolis College of Art and Design
North Hennepin Community Collegein Brooklyn Park
Normandale Community Collegein Bloomington
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Campus in northeast Minneapolis
In 2008, the
Minneapolis Public Librarysystem was merged into the Hennepin County Librarysystem. [ [http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2007/03/13/librarymerger/ MPR: Will merger solve library's problems? ] ]
May 2005, Hennepin County enacted a county-wide indoor smoking ban. Bar business depressed over the short run, as smokers went into neighboring counties to light up, but has since returned closer to normal, especially in the downtown Minneapolisclubs that are among the most popular live musicvenues in the state. In December, to great controversy, county officials responded to lobbying efforts from bar owners and returned smoking to bars located outside of Minneapolis, Bloomington and Golden Valley, which have their own municipal smoking bans. In 2007 those community smoking bans became moot when Minnesota enacted its own state wide smoking ban.
In August 2006, the Board voted 4-3 to levy a 0.15%
sales taxwithin the county to fund the majority of the cost for a baseballstadium for the Minnesota Twins. Legislation passed by the Minnesota Legislaturein the waning hours of the 2005-2006 session, and signed by Governor Tim Pawlenty, authorized the county to levy the tax without a voter referendum. It also created the Minnesota Ballpark Authoritywhich will construct and manage the stadium on behalf of the county. The tax will be in effect for 30 years, with clauses allowing it to be increased by the board of commissioners.
* [http://www.co.hennepin.mn.us Hennepin County Government website]
* [http://www.hclib.org/ Hennepin County Library website]
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