- Samuel Tuke
Samuel Tuke (
31 July 1784– 14 October 1857) was born in York, England.
He greatly advanced the cause of the amelioration of the condition of the
insane, and devoted himself largely to the York Retreat. The methods of treatment pursued there were made more widely known by his "Description of the Retreat near York". [cite book|last=Tuke|first=Samuel  |title=Description of the Retreat|publisher=Process Press|date =1996|location=London|id= ISBN 1-89920904-2] In this work Samuel Tuke referred to the Retreat's methods as moral treatment, borrowed from the French "traitement moral" being used to describe the work of Pussinand Pinelin France (and in the original French referring more to morale in the sense of the emotions and self-esteem, rather than rights and wrongs). Samuel Tuke also published "Practical Hints on the Construction and Economy of Pauper Lunatic Asylums" (1815).
Samuel was part of a
Quakerfamily. He was the son of Henry Tukeand the grandson of William Tuke, who founded the York Retreat. Samuel Tuke's two sons James Hack Tukeand Daniel Hack Tukewere also active in humanitarian concerns. The Retreatstill provides mental healthcare for the population of York and the wider community. Samuel Tuke can be found buried in the Quaker cemetery within the hospital grounds.
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