- Luis Sepúlveda
Luis Sepúlveda (b.
October 4, 1949) is a Chilean writer, film director, journalist and political activist.
Luis Sepúlveda was born in
Ovallein Chile in 1949.After secondary school in Santiago, he studied theatre production at the National University.In 1969, Sepúlveda was given a five-year scholarship to continue his drama studies at the Moscow University,but it was withdrawn after five months on account of 'misconduct' (he made friends with some dissidents, and had to go back to Chile).
Luis Sepúlveda was politically active first as a leader of the student movement and in the
Salvador Allendeadministration in the department of cultural affairs where he was in charge of a series of cheap editions of classics for the general public. He also acted as a mediator between the government and Chilean companies.
Chilean coup of 1973which brought to power General Augusto Pinochethe was jailed for two-and-a-half years and then obtained a conditional release through the efforts of the German branch of Amnesty Internationaland was kept under house arrest.
He managed to escape and went underground for nearly a year. With the help of a friend who was head of the
Alliance françaisein Valparaísohe set up a drama group that became the first cultural focus of resistance. He was rearrested and given a life sentence (later reduced to twenty-eight years) for treason and subversion.
The German section of Amnesty International intervened again and his prison sentence was commuted to eight years of exile, and in
1977he left Chile to fly to Swedenwhere he was supposed to teach Spanish literature. At the first stopover in Buenos Aireshe escaped and managed to go to Uruguaybut since many of his Uruguayan and Argentinian friends were dead or in prison because of the respective dictatorships he went first to São Paulo in Braziland then to Paraguay. He had to leave again because of the local regime and finally settled in Quitoin Ecuadorguest of his friend Jorge Enrique Adoum. He directed the Alliance Française theatre, founded a theatrical company and took part in a UNESCOexpedition to assess the impact of colonization on the Shuar Indians.
During the expedition he shared the life of the Shuars for seven months and came to an understanding of Latin America as a multicultural and multilingual continent where the Marxism-Leninism he was taught was not applicable to a rural population that was dependent on its surrounding natural environment. He worked in close contact with Indian organizations and drafted the first literacy teaching plan for the
Ibamburapeasants' federation, in the Andes.
1979he joined the Simón Bolívar international brigadewhich was fighting in Nicaraguaand after the victory of the revolution he started working as a journalist and one year later he left for Europe.
He went to
Hamburgin Germanybecause of his admiration of German literature (he learnt the language in prison) especially the romantics as Novalisand Friedrich Hölderlinand worked there as journalist traveling widely in Latin America and Africa.
1982he came in contact with Greenpeaceand worked until 1987as a crewmember on one of their ships. He later acted as co-ordinator between various branches of the organization.
* "Cronica de Pedro Nadie",
1969("Chronicle of Pedro Nobody")
* "Los miedos, las vidas, las muertes y otras alucinationes",
1986("Fear, Life, Death, and other Hallucinations")
* "Cuaderno de viaje",
* "Mundo del fin del mundo",
1989("The World at the End of the World")
* "Un viejo que leía novelas de amor",
1989("The Old Man Who Read Love Stories")
* "La frontera extraviada",
1994("The Lost Frontier")
* "Nombre de torero",
1994("The Name of a Bullfighter")
* "Al andar se bace el camino se bace el camino al andar",
* * " _es. Historias marginales",
* "Hot line",
* " _es. La locura de Pinochet y otros artículos",
* " _es. Cuaderno de viaje"
* " _es. Diario de un killer sentimental seguido de Yacaré"
* " _es. Komplot: Primera parte de una antologia irresponsable"
* " _es. Los peores cuentos de los hermanos Grim", with Mario Delgado Aparaín
* "Vivir a los 17",
1986director and writer
* "Tierra del fuego",
2002director and writer
* "Corazón verde",
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