List of Japanese poetry anthologies

List of Japanese poetry anthologies

This is a list of significant Japanese poetry anthologies.

Waka and Tanka

pre-Heian period chronicles

*"Kojiki" ("Record of Ancient Matters") completed in 712, Japan's first book, includes 113 poem-songs.
*"Nihon Shoki" ("Chronicles of Japan") completed in 720, includes 131 poem-songs
*"Fudoki" ("records of wind and earth") compiled at Imperial command beginning in 713, 23 songs from fragmented records
*"Shoku Nihongi" ("Chronicles of Japan Continued") submitted to Emperor Kammu in 797, a collection of myth, legend, folktale and songs
*Man'yōshū ("Collection for Ten Thousand Generations") the oldest anthology in Japanese, c.785, 20 manuscript scrolls, 4,516 poems (when the tanka envoys to the various choka are numbered as separate poems), Ōtomo Yakamochi was probably the last to edit the Man'yōshū. Isn't organized in any particular way (most metadata is supplied by headnotes), and the poems are written in a Japanese version of the Chinese monosyllabic pronunciation for the Chinese characters.

from the Heian period till the early Kamakura period

*Imperial waka anthologies ; anthologies as a national project. Each anthology reflected the taste of time and with loyal dignity became canons for contemporaries and those who followed. The earliest eight anthologies are referred often "Hachidaishu", Eight Anthologies. 21 anthologies were created.
*#Kokin Wakashū ("Collection of Ancient and Modern Times") the first imperial waka anthology, 20 scrolls, 1,111 poems, ordered by Emperor Daigo and completed c. 905, compiled by Ki no Tsurayuki, Ki no Tomonori, Ōshikōchi and Mibu no Tadamine.
*#"Gosen Wakashū" ("Later Collection") 20 scrolls, 1,426 poems, ordered in 951 by Emperor Murakami
*#"Shūi Wakashū" ("Collection of Gleanings") 20 scrolls, 1,351 poems, ordered by ex-Emperor Kazan
*#"Goshūi Wakashū" ("Later Collection of Gleanings") 20 scrolls, approx 1,200 poems, Ordered in 1075 by Emperor Shirakawa, completed in 1086.
*#"Kin'yō Wakashū" ("Collection of Golden Leaves") 10 scrolls, 716 poems, ordered by former Emperor Shirakawa, drafts completed 1124-1127, compiled by Minamoto Shunrai (Toshiyori)
*#"Shika Wakashū" ("Collection of Verbal Flowers") 10 scrolls, 411 poems, ordered in 1144 by former Emperor Sutoku, completed c.1151-1154, compiled by Fujiwara Akisuke
*#"Senzai Wakashū" ("Collection of a Thousand Years") 20 scrolls, 1,285 poems, ordered by former Emperor Shirakawa, probably completed in 1188, compiled by Fujiwara no Shunzei (also known as "Toshinari")
*#Shin Kokin Wakashū ("New Collection of Ancient and Modern Times") the eighth imperial waka anthology. Its name apparently aimed to show the relation and counterpart to Kokin Wakashū, ordered in 1201 by former Emperor Go-Toba, compiled by Fujiwara no Teika (whose first name is sometimes romanized as "Sadaie"), Fujiwara Ariie, Fujiwara Ietaka (Karyū), the priest Jakuren, Minamoto Michitomo, and Asukai Masatsune
*Private editions - Most of waka poets have their own anthology edited by self or by another. They were one of sources of the imperial anthologies.
**"Hitomarokashu" An anthology of Kakinomoto no Hitomaro works. The editor is unknown. Perhaps edited in the early Heian. Many misattributed waka are included.
**"Tsurayukishu" An anthology of Ki no Tsurayuki works, one of editors of "Kokin Wakashū".
**"Kintoshu" An anthology of Fujiwara no Kinto, the editor of "Wakanroeishu". It gave influence to the waka poetry in the middle Heian period.
**Hyakunin Isshu Precisely "Ogura Hyakunin Isshu". Edited by Fujiwara no Teika. Till Meiji it had been read as elementary book for waka poets.
**"Fujiwara no Teika Kashu" An anthology of Fujiwara no Teika works.
**"Izumi Shikibu Shū" ("The Collection of Izumi Shikibu")

from the Kamakura period to the Muromachi period

*Imperial anthologies - 13 anthologies were edited mostly in the Kamakura period.::9. Shinchokusen Wakashū - "The New Imperial Collection"::10. Shokugosen Wakashū - "Later Collections Continued"::11. Shokukokin Wakashū - "Collection of Ancient and Modern Times Continued"::12. Shokushūi Wakashū - "Collection of Gleanings Continued"::13. Shingosen Wakashū - "New Later Collection"::14. Gyokuyō Wakashū - "Collection of Jeweled Leaves"::15. Shokusenzai Wakashū - "Collection of a Thousand Years Continued"::16. Shokugoshūi Wakashū - "Later Collection of Gleanings Continued"::17. Fūga Wakashū - "Collection of Elegance"::18. Shinsenzai Wakashū - "New Collection of a Thousand Years"::19. Shinshūi Wakashū - "New Collection of Gleanings"::20. Shingoshūi Wakashū - "New Later Collection of Gleanings"::21. Shinshokukokin Wakashū - "New Collection of Ancient and Modern Times Continued"


*"Tsukubashu" (1356) After finishing of its edit, the status of "imperial anthology" was given to it.
*"Shinsentsukbashu" (1495) Edited by Sōgi.
*"Shinseninutsukbashu" (1593) Edited by Yamazaki Sokan. The significant anthology of early haikai renga from which haiku developed later.
*"Haikai Shichibushu" The conventional name for seven anthologies collected Matsuo Bashō and his disciples' renga.
**"Fuyunohi" (A Winter Day)
**"Harunohi" (A Spring Day)
**"Arano" (Wilderness)
**"Hisago" (Gourd)
**"Sarumino" (Rain Pullover for A Monkey)
**"Sumidawara" (Carbon Carton)
**"Zokusarumino" (Rain Pullover for A Monkey II)

Haikai and Haiku


*Kaifūsō (751) ("Fond Recollections of Poetry") the oldest collection of Chinese poetry ("kanshi") written by Japanese poets
*Imperial anthologies - Advancing the Imperial waka anthologies, the earliest imperial anthologies gathered Kanshi, the Chinese poetry which Japanese learned from the Tang Dynasty. Three anthologies were edited in the early Heian period:
*#Bunka Shūreishū


*"Wakanroeishu" Quotations from waka and kanshi for reciting. Edited by Fujiwara no Kinto.

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