- Whitehall Museum House
Whitehall Museum House is the farmhouse modified by Dean
George Berkeley, when he lived in the northern section of Newport, Rhode Islandthat comprises present-day Middletown, Rhode Islandin 1729-31, while planning to open his planned St Paul's College on Bermuda.
George Berkeleyarrived by ship in the harbor of Newport, Rhode Islandon Thursday, 23 January 1729. The Rev'd James Honyman, minister of Trinity Church, Newport, Rhode Islandwelcomed Berkeley and the group that accompanied him, inviting him to stay in his home in Newport until he could find accommodation elsewhere. In February 1729, Berkeley purchased a 96-acre farm with a small house on it, adjacent to Honeyman's own farm. Berkeley enlarged the house to his own design and named it "Whitehall," as he wrote "in loyal remembrance of the palace of the English Kings from Henry VIIIto James II. During the period he lived in this house, he wrote his book "Alciphron" and occasionally preached for Rev'd Honeyman at nearby Trinity Church and for Rev'd James McSparranat the St Paul's Church, Wickord(The Old Narragansett Church)). In Newport, he founded the Philosophical Society, which eventually developed into the Redwood Library. Berkeley wrote to his friend Thomas Priorof Dublin, Irelandthat Newport 'exhibited some of the softest rural and grandest ocean scenery in the world'.
While living at Whitehall, his wife, Anne gave birth to their eldest son, Henry, and to a daughter, Lucia, who died in infancy and was buried in the churchyard at Trinity Church on 5 September 1731. On his departure in September 1731, Berkeley donated his library and the Whitehall property to
Yale University, with the stipulation that the income from the property would be used to support three scholars at Yale.
After his return, Berkeley commissioned the London organ-maker,
Richard Bridgeto provide an organ to Trinity Church, which was installed in 1733.
By 1743, the Whitehall farmhouse was being operated as an inn. The traveler
Dr. Alexander Hamiltondescribed a visit to the inn during that year in his "Itinerarium", when he was served by a daughter of the proprietor, a grandfather of the future artist Gilbert Stuart. Yale University leased the property for many years as an inn, but, by the late nineteenth century, it had fallen into derelicit condition. In 1899, the National Society of the Colonial Dames of Americaobtained a 999-year lease on the property, and in 1936, commissioned the noted restoration architect Norman Ishamto restore two rooms.
Colonial Damesin Rhode Island maintain the house and garden, which is furnished with period pieces and opened for tours on a limited basis during the summer months, when it is also used by acoomodation for scholars specializing in studies on Berkeley.
Antoinette F. Downing and Vincent J. Scully, "The Architectural Heritage of Newport Rhode Island 1640-1915" (1952; 1967), pp. 438-440.
John Hattendorf, "Semper Eadem: A History of Trinity Church, Newport, 1698-2000" (2001)
Raymoind W. Houghton, "et al", "Images of Berkeley" (1986)
* [http://whitehallmuseumhouse.org Whitehall Museum House website]
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