Arming sword

Arming sword

Infobox Weapon
name= Arming sword

caption= The MS I.33 manuscript, dated to ca. 1290, shows fencing with the arming sword and the buckler.
type= Sword
service= ca. 1000 - 1350
weight= avg. 2.5 lbs. (1.1 kg)
length= avg. 36" (91.4 cm)
part_length= avg. 29" (73.9 cm)
blade_type= Double-edged, straight bladed
hilt_type= One-handed cruciform, with pommel

The arming sword (also sometimes called a knight's or knightly sword) is the single handed cruciform sword of the High Middle Ages, in common use between ca. 1000 and 1350, possibly remaining in rare use into 16th century. Arming swords correspond to Oakeshott types XI, XII and XIII and are generally considered to be descendant from the migration period or Viking swords. A combination of the Oakeshott and Peterson Typologies shows a chronological progression from the Viking sword to the "transitional sword", which incorporated elements of both Viking and arming swords. The "transitional sword" continued to evolve into to the presently defined arming sword. Arming swords were normally forged using the pattern welding "braiding" method normally used during the time period, making them excellent weapons.

Typically used with a shield or buckler, the arming sword was the standard military sword of the knight (merely called a "war sword", an ambiguous title given to many types of swords carried for battle) until technological changes led to the rise of the longsword in the late 13th century. There are many texts and pictures depicting effective arming sword combat without the benefit of a shield. According to Medieval texts, in the absence of a shield the empty (normally left) hand could be used for grabbing or grappling opponents. The arming sword was overall a light, versatile weapon capable of both cut and thrust combat; and normally boasts excellent balance. Although a variety of designs fall under the heading of 'arming sword', they are most commonly recognized as single-handed double-edged swords that were designed more for cutting than thrusting. Possessing wider and heavier blades than the Victorian small sword, modern scholars have often erroneously classified them as broadswords Fact|date=August 2008.

It is a common weapon in period artwork, and there are many surviving examples in museums. The arming sword was worn by a knight even when not in armor, and he would be considered 'undressed' for public if he were without it. The first longswords were actually little more than two-handed arming swords, but the difference in length grew substantially as time passed. Long after these larger weapons came into use, the arming sword was retained as a common sidearm, eventually evolving into the cut & thrust swords of the Renaissance.

Arming swords are sometimes incorrectly referred to as longswords or broadswords (the former actually refers to a long-bladed two-handed sword and the latter to a type of broad-bladed basket-hilted sword popular in the 17th and 18th centuries).

ee also

*Oakeshott typology

External links

* [ Photograph of a 15th century style arming sword]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • arming sword — noun A sword seen as a being a part of someones set of arms or military accoutrements; a warriors regimental or official sword. Lo, to that shore one in an auncient gowne, / Whose hoarie locks great grauitie did crowne, / Holding in hand a goodly …   Wiktionary

  • Arming Sword — A typical knights sword used for cutting and thrusting. after the 14th century, with the appearance of the longsword the simple, single handed weapon became known as a short sword or arming sword, since it hung from the belt of the knight, while… …   Medieval glossary

  • Sword — For other uses, see Sword (disambiguation) and Swords (disambiguation). Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century A sword is a bladed weapon (edged weapon) used primarily for cutting or thrusting. The precise definition of the term varies with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Arming — Arm Arm, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Armed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Arming}.] [OE. armen, F. armer, fr. L. armare, fr. arma, pl., arms. See {arms}.] 1. To take by the arm; to take up in one s arms. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] And make him with our pikes and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Side-sword — A side sword was a type of war sword used by infantry during the Renaissance of Europe. This sword was a direct descendant of the arming sword. Quite popular between the 16th and 17th centuries, they were ideal for handling the mix of armored and …   Wikipedia

  • European dueling sword — The European dueling sword in the narrow sense is a basket and cage hilted weapon in use specifically in duels from the late 17th to the 19th century. It evolved through several forms of the rapier to the smallsword mdash; reflecting the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mameluke sword — Napoleon in Egypt with a Mameluke sword A Mameluke sword is a cross hilted, curved, scimitar like sword historically derived from sabres used by Mamluk warriors of Mamluk Egypt from whom the sword derives its name. It is related to the shamshir …   Wikipedia

  • Great sword — The term great sword refers to an example of any of a number of large swords used in medieval Europe:* Greatsword, a heavy example of the High Medieval arming sword, including Oakeshott types XIIa and XIIIa (the English Greatsword specifically).… …   Wikipedia

  • Waster — Infobox Weapon name=Waster caption= From the left: arming sword, longsword, rondel, longsword, falchion. origin= Western Europe type= Practice Weapon is ranged= is bladed=yes is explosive= is artillery= is vehicle= is UK= service= Late Bronze Age …   Wikipedia

  • Types of swords — This is a list of Types of swords found through history all around the world.word types sorted by geographic originAfrica*Flyssa *Kaskara *Nimcha *Shotel *Takoba *IdaAmericas*Macana *MacuahuitlAsia*Aikuchi (合口, 匕首) *Aruval *Barong *Bolo / Itak… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”