Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea

Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea

Infobox Film
name = Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea

image_size =
caption =
director = Hayao Miyazaki
producer = Toshio Suzuki
writer = Hayao Miyazaki
narrator =
starring = Yuria Nara
Hiroki Doi
Tomoko Yamaguchi
George Tokoro
Kazushige Nagashima
music = Joe Hisaishi
cinematography = Atsushi Okui
editing = Takeshi Seyama
distributor = Toho (Japan)
Walt Disney Pictures (USA)
Optimum Releasing (UK)
released = JPN July 19, 2008 UK TBA
runtime = 101 minutescite web |url=http://www.ghibli.jp/ponyo/press/credit/005023.html |title=映画「崖の上のポニョ」公式サイト - 作品のクレジット |language=Japanese |publisher=Studio Ghibli |accessdate=2008-07-21]
country = Japan
language = Japanese
budget =
gross =
preceded_by =
followed_by =
website = http://www.ghibli.jp/ponyo/
amg_id = 1:433119
imdb_id = 0876563

nihongo|"Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea"|崖の上のポニョ|Gake no Ue no Ponyo is a 2008 animated film by the Japanese anime studio Studio Ghibli, written and directed by famed anime filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki. It is Miyazaki's ninth film for Ghibli. The plot centers on a bright red fish in the sea named Ponyo who becomes a human girl. In pursuing her goal, she befriends a five-year-old human boy, Sōsuke. [cite web|url=http://www.japannewsreview.com/entertainment/movies/20080725page_id=4388 |title= ‘Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea’ brings in 15 billion yen during opening weekend |publisher=Japan News Review]


The plot is centered on a female fish who runs away from her home in the sea. She ends up stranded on the shore and is rescued by Sōsuke, a five year old boy who lives on a cliff. Sōsuke names her Ponyo (pronounced "Po-Nyo", not "Pon-Yo") after taking a great liking to her, and promises to protect her forever. Meanwhile, her father, Fujimoto, is looking for his daughter, upset that she ran away. He calls his wave demons and has them take Ponyo back to him, since it seems he has an aversion to land. Sōsuke is heartbroken by this, and goes home crying to his mother, Lisa. Lisa tries to cheer him up, but to no avail.

Ponyo and her father have a confrontation, where Ponyo refuses to let her father call her Brünnhilde and declares she is Ponyo, and voices her desire to become human, because she has started to fall in love with Sōsuke. Her father silences her with difficulty and goes to summon Ponyo's mother. Meanwhile, Ponyo, with the help of her sisters, breaks away from her father, and uses his magic to make herself human. This causes an inbalance in the world, which in turn results in a storm. Riding on the waves of the storm, Ponyo goes back to visit Sōsuke. Lisa, Sōsuke, and Ponyo stay the night at Sōsuke's house, hoping the storm will be over, whereupon Lisa leaves the house to check up on the residents of the nursing home she works at.

Granmammare, Ponyo's mother, arrives at Fujimoto's submarine. Fujimoto notices the moon has come out of its orbit and the satellites are falling like shooting stars. Granmammare declares that if Sōsuke and Ponyo pass a test, Ponyo can live as a human and the world order will be restored.

Sōsuke and Ponyo wake up to find that most of the land has been submerged. Lisa has not come home yet, so with the help of Ponyo's magic, they make Sōsuke's toy boat life-size and set out to find Lisa. While traveling they name ancient extinct fish swimming about.

After landing and finding Lisa's empty car, Ponyo and Sōsuke go through a tunnel. There Ponyo loses her human form and resumes the form of a fish. Sōsuke and Ponyo are captured by Fujimoto and they safely arrive at the nursing home and meet Granmammare. Granmammare asks Sōsuke if he can love Ponyo even if she is a fish or mermaid. Sōsuke replies that he likes Ponyo in all forms. Granmammare then allows Ponyo to become human once Ponyo kisses Sōsuke.


Production on "Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea" started October 2006.cite web
title = Executive producer & former president of Studio Ghibli Suzuki Toshio reveals the story behind Ponyo
url = http://www.ghibliworld.com/suzuki_toshio_interview.html
work = Ghibliworld
accessdate = 2008-01-29

Miyazaki has been intimately involved with the hand-drawn animation in "Ponyo". He preferred to draw the sea and waves himself, and enjoyed experimenting with how to express this important part of the film. This level of detailed drawing resulted in an astonishing 170,000 separate images - a record for a Miyazaki film. [cite web|url=http://www.nni.nikkei.co.jp/FR/TNKS/Nni20080818IS0MIYAZ.htm|title=Miyazaki reels out adventure story|last=KUBOTA|first=NAOKO|date=August 18, 2008|publisher=Nikkei Net Interactive|language=English|accessdate=2008-08-28]

The seaside village where the story takes place is inspired by Tomonoura, a real town in Setonaikai National Park in Japan, where Miyazaki stayed in 2005. [cite web |url=http://hochi.yomiuri.co.jp/entertainment/news/20080306-OHT1T00058.htm |title=宮崎駿監督最新作「崖の上のポニョ」イラスト独占入手 |publisher=報知新聞 |language=Japanese |date=2008-03-06 |accessdate=2008-09-18] Some of the setting and story was affected by Wagner's Die Walküre.cite web |url=http://www.ghibli.jp/ponyo/press/keyword/ |title=崖の上のポニョ公式サイト キーワード |language=Japanese |publisher=Studio Ghibli |accessdate=2008-07-21] The character of Sōsuke is based on Miyazaki's son Gorō Miyazaki when he was five. [http://www.ghibliworld.com/news.html#1903 GhibliWorld.com - The Ultimate Ghibli Collection Site - NEWS & UPDATES ] ] Sōsuke's name is taken from the hero in the famous novel "The Gate".cite web |url=http://www.ghibli.jp/ponyo/press/keyword/ |title=崖の上のポニョ公式サイト キーワード |language=Japanese |publisher=Studio Ghibli |accessdate=2008-07-21]



The film was released by Toho on July 19, 2008 in theatres across Japan on 481 screens — a record for a domestic film. The film's distributor Toho announced that, by 3pm, the first day box office earnings had already reached 83% of the opening day figure for "Spirited Away", which went on to gross a record-breaking ¥30.4 billion ($284 million). [cite web |url=http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jMHO-3HqYRcOGOQM_zvYhipP2F1w |publisher=AFP |title=Animator Miyazaki's new film hits screens in Japan |accessdate=2008-07-19] [cite web |url=http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/features/arts/20080718TDY16001.htm |title='Ponyo' a taste of magic |publisher=Daily Yomiuri Online |accessdate=2008-07-19] [cite web |url=http://www.varietyjapan.com/news/movie_dom/2k1u7d0000066m7o.html |publisher=Variety Japan |title=『崖の上のポニョ』“千尋超え”目指し順風な船出 |accessdate=2008-07-21] cite web |url=http://www.varietyasiaonline.com/content/view/6515/1/ |publisher=Variety Asia |title="Ponyo" opening leaves room for debate |accessdate=2008-07-22] "Variety" reported that posters on the popular 2channel Internet bulletin board, however claims that Toho is spinning "Ponyo"'s opening figures. "Variety" reports that: "in fact, "Spirited Away" opened to only 336 screens and spent a year to score its record numbers. "Spirited Away"'s first day total was only ¥550 million ($5.1 million), which means "Ponyo"'s Saturday take was about ¥450 million ($4.2 million). Blog posters also reported empty seats at "Ponyo" screenings in Tokyo and elsewhere -- a sharp contrast from previous Miyazaki pics that drew long lines and packed theaters from day one."The latest Pokemon movie was also released on the same weekend and may have attracted viewers away from Ponyo. Nonetheless, "Ponyo" has grossed ¥10 billion ($91 million) in its first month of release, and surpassed ten million audiences in first 41 days, compared to 31 days for "Spirited Away", 44 days for "Howl", and 66 days for "Mononoke", according to Toho. [cite web |url=http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/entertainment/news/20080829-OYT1T00574.htm |title=「崖の上のポニョ」観客動員、41日間で1000万人突破 |language=Japanese |publisher=Yomiuri Online |accessdate=2008-09-01]

It has grossed a total of ¥14.2 billion ($134.6 million) as of September 28, 2008. [http://the-numbers.com/interactive/newsStory.php?newsID=3725]

"Ponyo" was an entrant of the international competition of 65th Venice International Film Festival. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2008/08/31/bfmiyazaki131.xml]


The "Japan Times" gave the film four out of five stars, and praised the film's simple thematic elements and its visual scheme, and compared the film to Miyazaki's classic animation "My Neighbor Totoro". [cite web|url=http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/ff20080711a1.html|title=It's kids' play for anime king|publisher=The "Japan Times"|date=2008-07-11|accessdate=2008-07-28]

Critiques at the Venice International Film Festival were generally high praises. [cite web |url= http://trovacinema.repubblica.it/film/critica/Venezia/350112?speciale=venezia2008 |title= Ponyo on Cliff by the sea - Recensioni dalla Critica - Trovacinema - Repubblica |language=Italian |publisher=La Repubblica |accessdate= 2008-09-04 ] [cite web |url=http://www.sorrisi.com/sorrisi/diretta/art023001043227.jsp |title= 65ª Mostra internazionale del Cinema |language=Italian |accessdate=2008-09-04 ] Wendy Ide on Times Online said "Ponyo" "is as chaotic and exuberant as a story told by a hyperactive toddler," and gave it 4 stars out of 5. [cite web |url=http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/film/film_reviews/article4653020.ece |title=Ponyo On The Cliff By The Sea |author=Wendy Ide |publisher=The Times |accessdate=2008-09-01]


*Yuria Nara as Ponyo
*Hiroki Doi as Sōsuke
*Kazushige Nagashima as Kōichi (Sōsuke's father)
*Tomoko Yamaguchi as Lisa (Sōsuke's mother)
*George Tokoro as Fujimoto (Ponyo's father)
*Yūki Amami as Granmammare (Ponyo's mother)
*Akiko Yano as Ponyo's sisters
*Rumi Hiiragi as "woman"
*Kazuko Yoshiyuki as Toki
*Tomoko Naraoka as Yoshie

Source: [citeweb|url=http://www.sanspo.com/geino/top/gt200805/gt2008052818.html|title=超豪華!宮崎駿監督最新作「崖の上のポニョ」声優陣が決定|date=2008-05-28|accessdate=2008-05-27|publisher=Sankei Sports|language=Japanese] cite web |url=http://www.ghibli.jp/ponyo/press/credit/005023.html |title=映画「崖の上のポニョ」公式サイト - 作品のクレジット |language=Japanese |publisher=Studio Ghibli |accessdate=2008-07-21]


"Ponyo"'s theme song was released on December 5 2007, performed by Fujioka Fujimaki (famous duo Takaaki Fujioka and Naoya Fujimaki) and eight year old Nozomi Ohashi. [ [http://www.nausicaa.net/miyazaki/newspro/latestnews_headlines-archive-10-2007.html Nausicaa.net - October 8, 2007 Radio Ghibli, "Ponyo" Theme Song] ] It entered the top 100 on the Oricon Weekly Charts on July 14, then rose to 24th on (July 21), then 6th on (July 28), and after the release of the film it ranked 3rd (August 4). [cite web |url=http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/confidence/56763/full/ |title=ポニョ主題歌、ジブリ曲で歴代最高3位&「ツトム君」以来約32年ぶり快挙 |language=Japanese |publisher=Oricon |accessdate=2008-08-03]


External links

* [http://www.ghibli.jp/ponyo/ Official "Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea" Website] ja icon

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