Archibald Liversidge

Archibald Liversidge

Archibald Liversidge (17 November 1847 – 26 September 1927) was an English-born Australian chemist and founder of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science.

Early life

Liversidge was born at Turnham Green, England, the son of John Liversidge and his wife Caroline Sophia, née Jarrattcite web |url=http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A050110b.htm |title=Liversidge, Archibald (1846 - 1927) |accessdate=2007-08-01 |author=D. P. Mellor|work=Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5 |publisher=MUP |year=1988 |pages=93-94] . He was educated at a private school and by private tutors in science, and in 1866 went to the Royal College of Chemistry and Royal School of Mines. In the following year he won a Royal exhibition and medals in chemistry, mineralogy and metallurgy. He became an associate of the School of Mines and in 1870 was awarded an open scholarship in science at Christ's College, Cambridge. During his first year in Cambridge he filled a temporary position as demonstrator of chemistry at the university laboratory.

Career in Australia

In 1872 Liversidge accepted the appointment of 'Reader in Geology and Assistant in the Laboratory' at the University of Sydney and began his duties there early in 1873. He became professor of geology and mineralogy in 1874, and in 1876 he published "The Minerals of New South Wales", being a reprint of a paper read at the Royal Society of New South Wales in December 1874. A second and enlarged edition appeared in 1882 and a third edition in 1888. Edward Rennie was a pupil and the two men were in contact until Liversidge's deathcite web |url=http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A110371b.htm |title=Rennie, Edward Henry (1852 - 1927) |accessdate=2007-08-01 |author=J. M. Barker, D. R. Stranks|work=Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11 |publisher=MUP |year=1988 |pages=361-362] . In 1878 he visited the leading museums, universities and technical colleges of Europe, and in 1880 his "Report upon certain Museums for Technology, Science and Art", was published at Sydney. In 1881 the title of his chair was altered to chemistry and mineralogy, and in 1891 to chemistry only. He was dean of the faculty of science from its foundation in 1882 to 1904 and he founded the school of mines at the university in 1892.

Liversidge took much interest in the Royal Society of New South Wales, was honorary secretary from 1874 to 1884 and 1886 to 1888, was its president in 1885, 1889 and 1900, and was for many years editor of the Society's "Journal and Proceedings". In 1888 Liversidge, after much preliminary work, founded the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, was its honorary secretary from 1888 to 1909 and president in 1898. He was chairman of the original board of the Sydney technical museum, was a trustee of the Australian Museum at Sydney, and he founded the Sydney section of the Society of Chemical Industry in 1902. He resigned his professorship at Sydney in December 1907 and became emeritus professor. In 1909 Liversidge returned to England and became vice-president of the Society of Chemical Industry, 1909-12, and vice-president of the Chemical Society 1910-13. He then lived in retirement near London and died on 26 September 1927. He was unmarried.

Legacy

In addition to the works mentioned Liversidge published for the use of students "Tables for Qualitative Chemical Analysis" (second edition 1903). He also wrote over 100 papers on chemistry and mineralogy for scientific journals, many of which were issued as pamphlets, and during his stay in Australia he was an untiring worker in the cause of science. Joseph Maiden, in his "History of the Royal Society of New South Wales", said of Liversidge that "he practically re-founded the Society, organized its activities on proper lines, and made it the power for good it is to-day". He laid the foundations of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, was an admirable honorary secretary for 21 years, and retained his interest in the association after his retirement to England. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, London, in 1882, was honorary fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and was given the honorary degree of LL.D. by Glasgow university. Under his will a sum of £2500 was left to the University of Sydney for scholarships and a research lectureship in chemistry.

References

*Dictionary of Australian Biography|First=Archibald|Last=Liversidge|Link=http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogL.html#liversidge1


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LIVERSIDGE, Archibald (1847-1927) — chemist son of John Liversidge, was born at Turnham Green, England, on 17 November 1847. He was educated at a private school and by private tutors in science, and in 1866 went to the Royal College of Chemistry and Royal School of Mines. In the… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Liversidge — /ˈlɪvəsɪdʒ/ (say livuhsij) noun Archibald, 1846–1927, Australian professor of chemistry, geology and mineralogy, born in England; appointed first dean of the faculty of science, University of Sydney, 1882 …  

  • Robert Liversidge — Robert William Liversidge (born 11 June, 1904), formerly Jacob (Jack) Perlsweig, was a British Jewish businessman, whose activities sometimes attracted the attention of the police and intelligence services, a reputed spy, and subject of a cause… …   Wikipedia

  • Douglas Mawson — Mawson redirects here. For other uses, see Mawson (disambiguation). Douglas Mawson Sir Douglas Mawson in 1914 Born 5 May 1882(1882 05 05) Shipley …   Wikipedia

  • Royal School of Mines — comprises the departments of Earth Science and Engineering [http://www.imperial.ac.uk/earthscience] , and Materials [http://www.imperial.ac.uk/materials] at Imperial College London. HistoryThe Royal School of Mines was established in 1851, as the …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Society of New South Wales — The Royal Society of New South Wales is a learned society based in Sydney, Australia. It was established as the Philosophical Society of Australasia on 27 June 1821. It is the oldest learned society in Australia and one of the oldest learned… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science — The Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science (ANZAAS) is an organisation that was founded in 1888 by Archibald Liversidge as the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science to promote science. It was… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick Bickell Guthrie — (10 December 1861 – 7 February 1927)cite web |url=http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090137b.htm |title=Guthrie, Frederick Bickell (1861 1927)] |work=Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, |publisher=MUP |year=1983 | pages=pp 143 144] …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Rennie — Edward Henry Rennie (19 August 1852 – 8 January 1927) was an Australian scientist and a president of the Royal Society of South Australia.Early lifeRennie was born in Balmain, Sydney, the eldest son of Edward Alexander Rennie (who later became… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science — Frontispicio del reporte del 2º encuentro de la Asociación, Melbourne, enero de 1890. La Asociación para el Avance de la Ciencia australiana y neocelandesa (ANZAAS) es una organización fundada en 1888 por Archibald Liversidge, como …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”